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Racial disparities, 4, 17, 19, 20, 21,
28, 125-128
Factor in relocation problems, 66–

67
In employment, 163
In housing, 159-161

Method of analysis, 18-19
Relocation of persons and businesses:

Federal assistance for, 149–150,

151-152
Necessity for Federal Govern-

ment responsibility, 120
Of low-income families, 4-5

State assistance for, 150,152
Rent subsidies, 159
Residual powers, local government,

129-130
Reuse of water, 35, 36
Revenue, 25, 28
River basin planning, 49, 148
Rivers, William L., quoted, 37

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Sacks, Sermour, 26-27
Sacramento metropolitan area:

Costs of water services in, 39

Water agencies in, 38
St. Joseph, Mo., sewage treatment in,

54
St. Louis metropolitan area:

Interlocal agreements in, 87
Municipal incorporation in, 99
Pollution of the Mississippi, 54

Sewage treatment in, 38
School districts, 22, 24
Seattle metropolitan area:

Fragmentation of water services

in, 39
(See also Municipality of Metro-

politan Seattle.)
Segregation:

(See Economic disparities.)

(See Racial disparities.)
Septic tanks, 3, 40-41
Sewage treatment, 141-148

Areawide planning for, 142–143,

146–147
Costs reduced by areawide service,

6
Factor in water quality, 36
Federal role, 38, 50–54
Fragmentation in, 38-39

State role, 47-50, 52, 143-146
Sewage treatment facilities:

Central city services to suburbs,

Size:

Factor in local government orga-

nization, 86
Metropolitan areas vary in, v, 15
Of metropolitan areas as factor in

economic and social disparities,

27
Slayton, William L., 77
Slums, vii

(See also Housing.)
Small businesses:

Problems of relocation, 69–70

Relocation assistance, 80, 152–153
South, central city-suburban dispari-

ties in, 19
Special districts, 7, 22, 32

Factor in fragmentation, 124-125
Federal aid as factor in prevalence

of, 138
Limited purpose, 95-96, 132
Multipurpose, 96-98
Reasons for prevalence of, 45

State regulation of, 136-137
Spillovers, 6, 30

As factor in inadequate sewage

treatment, 37-38
Standard consolidated area, 5n
Standard metropolitan statistical areas,
12

Criteria, 5
State aid, 25, 136

Equalization, 166–168
Factor in local government fiscal

policies, 27
Relocation assistance, 74, 79, 150,

152, 154
Water and sewer, 38, 49–50, 52,

145
State government:

Factor in displacement of persons

and businesses, 63-64
“Just compensation” policies, 61
Restrictions on local government,

vi, 91, 106-107, 118
Role in Federal aid programs, 139
Role in urban areas, vii, 8, 9, 32,

93–94, 118-119
Role in urban water and sewer

problems, 46–50, 143-146
State health departments, water

quality responsibilities, 47
State legislatures:

Central city-suburban conflict in,

17

42-43, 142
Economies of scale, 43-44
In central cities, 41
Inadequate investment in, 37-38
Increased investment in, 142
Shared costs, 38

Rural orientation of, 9, 118
Stream classification, 47
Study commissions, State authority

for, 134
Suburbs:

Conflict with central cities, 17
Described, 17
Expenditures, 26-27, 28
Level of public services, 3
Population characteristics of, 4,

17, 18, 19, 20, 21

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Suburbs-Continued

Water and sewage facilities in,

39-41
(See also Economic disparities.)

(See also Racial disparities.)
Supervisors Inter-County Committee,
89

T
Taxation, vii

By areawide metropolitan service

agencies, 166
Factor in governmental reorgani-

zation, 109
Tax base, 24, 25

In central cities, 4
Toronto, Canada, 105
Transportation, vii

Need for areawide service, 6

U
U.S. Conference of Mayors, survey of

municipal relocation experience, 61-
82 passim, 151
Unshackling Local Government, vi
Urban county, 90–93, 132–133
Urban renewal:

Commercial renewal projects,

161-162
County responsibility for, 164-165
Displacement of business, 68–70
Displacement of persons and busi-

ness by, 58, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65-66
Impact on the elderly, 67-68
Impact on nonwhites, 66–67
Relocation assistance, 71, 78

State participation in, 119
Urban sprawl, vii, 2
Urbanization:

Impact on water supply, 35
Increases public service require-

ments, v
Problems created by vii, 1, 10

(See also Population.)
Value added by manufacture, per-

centage in metropolitan areas, 16
Vermont, no metropolitan areas in, v
Virginia, city-county separation in, 101
Vocational education, 165
Voluntary councils of government.

(See Councils of government.)

Water facilites-Continued

Areawide planning for, 110–117,

142–143, 146–147
Central city services to suburbs,

42–43, 142
Economies of scale, 43-44
Federal role, 50–54
Fragmentation, 39
In central cities, 41
Inadequate investment in, 36, 37,

38
Shared costs, 38

State role, 47-50, 143-146
Water pollution:

Federal aid, 51-52
Federal regulation, 53-54
Industrial, 48, 147
Sewage disposal as a factor in,

36, 40-41
State regulation, 47-48, 143-145
Tax incentives for abatement of,

147
Water resources:

Federal interagency policy for,

141
Federal responsibility for, 147–

148
Water supply:

Allocation of, 33-34
Costs reduced by areawide service,

6

Total U.S., 34
Water supply, suburban, 3, 39–41
Water use, 34-35
Weaver, Robert C., quoted, 67, 77
Wells, 3

Pollution by septic tank failure, 40
West:

Central city-suburban disparities

in, 19

Water use in, 35, 36
Wilmington, Del., metropolitan area,

contracts for water services to sub-
urbs, 42
Wood, Robert, 8, 127
Wyoming, no metropolitan areas in, v

Z
Zoning:

As factor in economic segregation,

4, 156–157
Authority restricted to larger

municipalities and counties,
156-157

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Printed for the use of the Committee on Government Operations

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

PURCHASED THROUGH WASHINGTON : 1966

tot. EX. PROJECT

61-207

WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Illinois, Chairman CHET HOLIFIELD, California

FLORENCE P. DWYER, New Jersey JACK BROOKS, Texas

OGDEN R. REID, New York L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

FRANK J. HORTON, New York PORTER HARDY, JR., Virginia

DONALD RUMSFELD, Illinois JOHN A. BLATNIK, Minnesota

WILLIAM L. DICKINSON, Alabama ROBERT E. JONES, Alabama

JOIN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland

HOWARD H. CALLAWAY, Georgia JOHN E. MOSS, California

JOHN W. WYDLER, New York DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

ROBERT DOLE, Kansas HENRY S. REUSS, Wisconsin

CLARENCE J. BROWN, JR., Ohio
JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut

JACK EDWARDS, Alabama
TORBERT H. MACDONALD, Massachusetts
J. EDWARD ROUSH, Indiana
WILLIAM S. MOORHEAD, Pennsylvania
CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey
WILLIAM J. RANDALL, Missouri

1
BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHIAL, New York
JIM WRIGHT, Texas
FERNAND J. ST GERMAIN, Rhode Island
DAVID S. KING, Utah
JOHN G. DOW, New York
HENRY HELSTOSKI, New Jersey

CHRISTINE RAY DAVIS, Stall Director

JAMES A. LANIGAN, General Counsel
MILES Q. ROMNEY, Associate General Counsel

J. P. CARLSON, Minority Counsel

WILLIAM H. COPENHAVER, Minority Professional Staff
NOTE.-Changes in full committee during 89th Congress:

Clarence J. Brown, Ohio, deceased August 23, 1965.
Delbert L. Latta, Ohio, resigned from committee August 31, 1965.
Robert Dole, Kansas, came to committee August 31, 1965.
Clarence J. Brown, Jr., Ohio, came to committee January 12, 1966.
Robert P. Grilsin, Michigan, resigned from committee May 10, 1966.
Jack Edwards, Alabam , came to committee May 24, 1966.

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COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT

OPERATIONS, 88TH CONGRESS

WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Illinois, Chairman CHET HOLIFIELD, California

R. WALTER RIEHLMAN, New York JACK BROOKS, Texas

GEORGE MEADER, Michigan L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

CLARENCE J. BROWN, Ohio PORTER HARDY, JR., Virginia

FLORENCE P. DWYER, New Jersey JOHN A. BLATNIK, Minnesota

ROBERT P. GRIFFIN, Michigan ROBERT E. JONES, Alabama

GEORGE M. WALLHAUSER, New Jersey EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland

JOHN B. ANDERSON, Illinois JOHN E. MOSS, California

OGDEN R REID, New York DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

FRANK J. HORTON, New York HENRY S. REUSS, Wisconsin

BILL STINSON, Washington JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut

ROBERT McCLORY, Illinois
RICHARD E. LANKFORD, Maryland

IRENE B. BAKER, Tennessee
TORBERT H. MACDONALD, Massachusetts
J. EDWARD ROUSII, Indiana
WILLIAM S. MOORHEAD, Pennsylvania
CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey
WILLIAM J. RANDALL, Missouri
BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York

CHRISTINE RAY DAVIS, Staff Director

JAMES A. LANIGAN, General Counsel
MILES Q. ROMNEY, Associate General Counsel

J. P. CARLSON, Minority Counsel
RAYMOND T. COLLINS, Minority Professional Staff

CONTENTS

Pago

1

58

Introduction..

LIST OF REPORTS OF COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

ISSUED DURING 88TH CONGRESS ARRANGED BY SUBCOMMITTEES

Executive and Legislative Reorganization Subcommittee:

House Report No. 916 (Twelfth Report)- Military Construction

Projects (Marine Corps Air Station, Beaufort, S.C.) (Airstrip at

Fort Carson, Colo.) (Airfield at Sharpe General Depot, Lathrop,

Calif)--

Military Operations Subcommittee:

House Report No. 559 (Tenth Report) — Military Air Transporta-

tion-1963.--

House Report No. 917 (Thirteenth Report) --- Avoiding Conflicts

of Interest in Defense Contracting and Employment.-

House Report No. 1425 (Nineteenth Report) - Procurement of

Equipment for Marine Corps Tactical Airfields...

Government Activities Subcommittee:

House Report No. 206 (First Report)-Survey of Selected Activities

(Part 2-Efficiency and Economy in the Small Business Adminis-

tration)

House Report No. 207 (Second Report)---Survey of Selected Activities

(Part 5 Efficiency and Economy in the Post Office Department's

Methods of Transporting Money) --

House Report No. 306 (Third Report)-Survey of Selected Activities

(Part 3—Efficiency and Economy in the Department of the

Interior)..

House Report No. 307 (Fourth Report)-Survey of Selected Activities

(Part 4-Efficiency and Economy in the Civil Service Commission).

House Report No. 456 (Eighth Report)-Survey of Selected Activities

(Part 1-Efficiency and Economy in the Department of Commerce).

House Report No. 457 (Ninth Report) -Survey of Selected Activities

(Parts 6 and 7-Efficiency and Economy in the Civil Aeronautics

Board and the Federal Aviation Agency) -

Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee:

House Report No. 445 (Seventh Report)—Consumer Protection

Activities of State Governors (Part 1-The Regulation of Drugs

and Related Products)

House Report No. 921 (Seventeenth Report)-Consumer Protection

Activities of State Governments (Part 2- The Regulation of Foods

and Related Products) -

Natural Resources and Power Subcommittee:

Hlouse Report No. 1633 (Twentieth Report)-Reimbursement of

Government Expenditures for Removal of Hazardous Substances

(Water Pollution Control and Abatement)---

House Report No. 1636 (Twenty-First Report)—Disposal of Waste

Water at Federal Installations (Water Pollution Control and

Abatement)---

Foreign Operations and Government Information Subcommittee:

House Report No. 797 (Eleventh Report)—United States Information

Problems in Vietnam.

House Report No. 918 (Fourteenth Report)-Availability of Informa-

tion From Federal Departments and Agencies (Progress of Study

september 1961-December 1962)

39

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