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" When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. "
Genetic Democracy: Philosophical Perspectives - Page 79
edited by - 2007 - 148 pages
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Mistakes: How They Have Happened and How Some Might Be Avoided

Nick Gardner - 2007 - 330 pages
...cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation^ 6 ; • as proposed by the Wingspread Conference in 1998: When an activity raises threats of harm to...relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof...
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Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions

Michael L. McKinney, Robert M. Schoch, Logan Yonavjak - 2007 - 642 pages
...approach to all human endeavors. Therefore, it is necessary to implement the Precautionary Principle: When an activity raises threats of harm to human health...relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof....
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The SAGE Handbook of Environment and Society

Jules Pretty, Andy Ball, Ted Benton, Julia Guivant, David R Lee, David Orr, Max Pfeffer, Professor Hugh Ward - 2007 - 640 pages
...the 1998 Wingspread Statement on the Precautionary Principle made direct reference to human health: When an activity raises threats of harm to human health...relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof....
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People's Movements, People's Press: The Journalism of Social Justice Movements

Bob Ostertag - 2007 - 240 pages
...principle," which has gained widespread support among many scientists in the United States and elsewhere: "When an activity raises threats of harm to human...relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof."56...
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Coming Into Contact: Explorations in Ecocritical Theory and Practice

Annie Merrill Ingram - 2007 - 278 pages
...produced at the January 1998 Wingspread conference on implementing the precautionary principle, states:2 When an activity raises threats of harm to human health...relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context, the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, bears the burden of proof. The...
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Noxious New York: The Racial Politics of Urban Health and Environmental Justice

Julie Sze - 2006 - 296 pages
...approach to all human endeavors. • Therefore, it is necessary to implement the Precautionary Principle: When an activity raises threats of harm to human health...relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof....
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Risk Assessment for Environmental Health

Mark G. Robson, William A. Toscano - 2007 - 450 pages
...definition of the precautionary principle is the 1998 Wingspread Statement on the Precautionary Principle: "When an activity raises threats of harm to human...relationships are not fully established scientifically" (Raffensperger and Tickner, 1999). While definitions differ (as is often the case in international...
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The Sustainability Handbook

William R. Blackburn - 2012 - 822 pages
...definition was offered at the 1998 Wingspread Conference of the Science and Environmental Health Network: "When an activity raises threats of harm to human...relationships are not fully established scientifically." The principle acknowledges that society cannot be caught in "analysis paralysis" waiting for absolute...
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Worst-Case Scenarios

Cass R. Sunstein, Robert Walmsley University Professor Cass R Sunstein - 2007 - 340 pages
...influential Wingspread Declaration, from a meeting of environmentalists in 1998, goes much further: "When an activity raises threats of harm to human...even if some cause and effect relationships are not established scientifically. In this context the proponent of the activity, rather than the public,...
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The Illusion of Certainty: Health Benefits and Risks

Erik Rifkin, Edward Bouwer - 2007 - 239 pages
...in part due to the application of the "precautionary principle" or so-called Wingspread Declaration: "When an activity raises threats of harm to human...even if some cause and effect relationships are not established scientifically."4 The intent of relying on this principle is to help protect human health,...
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