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" When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. "
Genetic Democracy: Philosophical Perspectives - Page 79
edited by - 2007 - 148 pages
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Prediction or Prophecy?: The Boundaries of Economic Foreknowledge and Their ...

Gregor Betz - 2007 - 280 pages
...cites the conclusions of the Wingspread Conference on the Precautionary Principle from January 26, 1998, When an activity raises threats of harm to human...relationships are not fully established scientifically. 6 As we shall see later, this is not the only sense in which the term "robustness" is used in decision...
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Grassroots Rising

...approach to all human endeavors • Therefore, it is necessary to implement the Precautionary Principle: When an activity raises threats of harm to human health...relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof....
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Public Health Ethics: Theory, Policy, and Practice

Ronald Bayer, Lawrence O. Gostin, Bruce Jennings, Bonnie Steinbock - 2007 - 418 pages
...scientific uncertainty as a justification for retarding the pace of regulation, the principle is forthright: "When an activity raises threats of harm to human...relationships are not fully established scientifically." Many questions are posed by the precautionary principle, including the role and limits of science as...
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Implementing the Precautionary Principle: Perspectives and Prospects

Elizabeth Charlotte Fisher, Judith S. Jones, René von Schomberg - 2006 - 336 pages
...5 scientists, advocates and policy makers from the US and Europe, defined the principle as follows: 'when an activity raises threats of harm to human...relationships are not fully established scientifically'. The statement listed the two central components of the principle from most international declarations:...
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Radiation Risks in Perspective

Kenneth L. Mossman - 2006 - 207 pages
...precautionary principle known as the Wingspread Statement: "When an activity raises threats of harms to human health or the environment, precautionary...relationships are not fully established scientifically." 42 The precautionary principle adopted by the Rio Declaration applies only to "serious and irreversible"...
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Environment, Inequality and Collective Action

Marcello Basili, Maurizio Franzini, Alessandro Vercelli - 2006 - 251 pages
...1998, environmentalists met at Wingspread in Wisconsin, where they issued the following Declaration, 'When an activity raises threats of harm to human...precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effects relationships arc not established scientifically. In this context the proponent of the activity...
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International Environmental Disputes: A Reference Handbook

Aaron Schwabach - 2006 - 341 pages
...Wright.) The statement dispenses with the "serious or irreversible damage" requirement in Principle 15: "When an activity raises threats of harm to human...precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause-and-effect relationships are not fully established scientifically." This broader statement would...
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Estimating Health Risks from Infrastructure Failures

Karen M. E. Emde - 2006 - 151 pages
...addition to risk analysis by the public health community, is based on the precautionary principle that "when an activity raises threats of harm to human...environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if all cause-and-effect relationships are not fully established scientifically" (Science and Environmental...
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Knowledge and Inquiry: Essays on the Pragmatism of Isaac Levi

Erik J. Olsson - 2006 - 384 pages
..."threats" and "harm": "When an activity raises threats of harm to the environment or human health, precautionary measures should be taken even if some...relationships are not fully established scientifically" (Wingspread 1998). On the other hand, the belief part of the principle is interesting since it emphasizes...
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Radiation Risks in Perspective

Kenneth L. Mossman - 2006 - 207 pages
...precautionary principle is a risk-management strategy that states that when an activity or technology may harm human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause-and-effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. While there have been some...
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