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" When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. "
Genetic Democracy: Philosophical Perspectives - Page 79
edited by - 2007 - 148 pages
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Environmental Health: Ecological Perspectives

Kathryn Hilgenkamp - 2005 - 381 pages
...environmental degradation. The precautionary principle, as stated at the Wingspread Conference of 1 998: When an activity raises threats of harm to human health...precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause-and-effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. The precautionary principle...
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Preventing Occupational Disease and Injury

Barry S. Levy - 2005 - 590 pages
...environmental health hazards. A consensus statement was developed in 1988 to address the following situation: "When an activity raises threats of harm to human...precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause-and-effect relationships are not fully established scientifically." Four propositions were articulated:...
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Ecological Economics: An Introduction

Michael Common, Sigrid Stagl - 2005 - 560 pages
...uncertain, values in dispute, stakes high and decisions urgent'. Precautionary Principle (p. 389): view that when an activity raises threats of harm to human health...precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause-and-effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. Risk (p. 380): state of knowledge...
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CE Marking, Product Standards and World Trade

David Hanson - 2005 - 236 pages
...precautionary principle, governments should regulate unless an activity has been shown to be safe. When an activity raises threats of harm to human health...precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause-and-effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. (Science and Environment Health...
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Public Administration and Public Management: The Principal-agent Perspective

Jan-Erik Lane - 2005 - 292 pages
...1998, pronounced that: 'When an activity raises threats of harm to the environment or human health, precautionary measures should be taken even if some...relationships are not fully established scientifically.' The problem is that most scientific and technological developments do raise possible 'threats of harm',...
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Bezpieczeństwo żywności w nowych krajach członkowskich: wdrażanie acquis ...

IUCN - The World Conservation Union - 2005 - 96 pages
...guiding European Union consumers and food policy 1 . Precautionary Principle: When an activity poses threats of harm to human health or the environment,...precautionary measures should be taken even if some direct cause and effect relationships are not fully proven scientifically. 2. Subsidiarity Principle:...
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Science, Technology, and Society: An Encyclopedia

Sal P. Restivo - 2005 - 701 pages
...foods, is similar. Guided by the "precautionary principle," which holds that "when an activity threatens harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause-and-effect relationships are not fully established scientifically," most European nations assert...
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环境科学专业英语教程

马占青 - 2005 - 250 pages
...materials' lifecycle. 3) When an activity raises threats of harm to the environment or human health, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully estab lished scientifically. 4) Prevention requires examining the entire product life cycle from raw...
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Perspectives on Health and Human Rights

Sofia Gruskin, Michael A. Grodin, George J. Annas, Stephen P. Marks - 2005 - 649 pages
...environmental alterations that are detrimental to humans. One version of this principle holds that "when an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment . . . the proponent of that activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof [that...
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American Bioethics: Crossing Human Rights and Health Law Boundaries

George J. Annas - 2004 - 264 pages
...environmental alterations that are detrimental to humans. One version of this principle holds that "when an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment . . . the proponent of that activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof [that...
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