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" When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. "
Genetic Democracy: Philosophical Perspectives - Page 79
edited by - 2007 - 148 pages
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Beyond Slash, Burn, and Poison: Transforming Breast Cancer Stories Into Action

Marcy Jane Knopf-Newman - 2004 - 197 pages
...instance, in Racine, Wisconsin, in 1998, the Wingspread Conference on the Precautionary Principle avowed, "When an activity raises threats of harm to human...relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof"...
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The Precautionary Principle in Biodiversity Conservation and Natural ...

Rosie Cooney - 2004 - 51 pages
...broader debate on precaution and provides a useful counterpoint. It includes the following definition: "When an activity raises threats of harm to human...relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof...
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Urban Sprawl and Public Health: Designing, Planning, and Building for ...

Howard Frumkin, Lawrence Frank, Lawrence D. Frank, Richard J. Jackson - 2004 - 338 pages
...Precautionary Principle. As artitulated in the Wingspread Statement of 1998, this principle holds that "when an activity raises threats of harm to human...relationships are not fully established scientifically."" The Precautionary Principle is generally applied to health hazards such as chemital exposures,''''...
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New Perspectives on Environmental Justice: Gender, Sexuality, and Activism

Rachel Stein - 2004 - 287 pages
...in the statement that grew out of the 1998 Wingspread Conference in Racine, Wisconsin, which avows, "When an activity raises threats of harm to human...relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof"...
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Arbitrary and Capricious: The Precautionary Principle in the European Union ...

Gary Elvin Marchant, Kenneth L. Mossman - 2004 - 95 pages
...considerations. This version of the precautionary principle states, "When an activity raises threats of harms to human health or the environment, precautionary...and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically"38 The European Commission has offered yet a third variation with respect to consideration...
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Water Resources Sector Strategy: Strategic Directions for World Bank Engagement

2004 - 78 pages
...engagement with risk must be defensive, governed by the precautionary principle (when an activity might harm human health or the environment, precautionary measures...relationships are not fully established scientifically, so that the proponent of an activity bears the burThe "gloomy arithmetic" of water is matched by the...
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H.R. 2432, Paperwork and Regulatory Improvements Act of 2003: Hearing Before ...

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform - 2003 - 248 pages
...separate comments on this draft report, other Mercatus scholars provide additional feedback on this issue. When an activity raises threats of harm to human health...precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause-and-effect relationships are not fully established scientifically :< Variations on this principle...
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Up in Smoke?: Threats From, and Responses To, the Impact of Global Warming ...

2004 - 36 pages
...energy crisis, and the renewable revolution, (nef, London). 3 The precautionary principle suggests that when an activity raises threats of harm to human health...precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause-and-effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. One of the most important...
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The Cancer Epidemic as a Social Event

Chernomas, Robert, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, Lissa Donner - 2004 - 25 pages
...Integrated Approach to Primary Prevention in Cancer Control 34 The precautionary principle states: When an activity raises threats of harm to human health...precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause-and-effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. 35 See http://www.cancer.ca/ccs/internet/stand...
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Testing of Genetically Modified Organisms in Foods

Farid Ahmed - 2004 - 317 pages
...exist. A common definition of the precautionary principle is the so-called Wingspread Declaration: "When an activity raises threats of harm to human...precautionary measures should be taken, even if some of the causeand-effect relationships are not established scientifically" (Goklany, 2002). If a new...
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