Mega Urban Regions of Southeast Asia
A distinguishing feature of recent urbanization in the ASEAN countries of Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Indonesia is the outward extension of their mega-cities (Bangkok, Jakarta, Manila, Singapore, and Kuala Lumpur) beyond the metropolitan borders, resulting in the establishment of new towns, industrial estates, and housing projects in previously rural areas. This process has both positive and negative effects. On one side, household incomes and employment opportunities are increasing, but on the other, the growth often causes serious problems in terms of environmental deterioration, conflicting land uses, and inadequate housing and service provisions.
Mega Urban Regions of Southeast Asia is the first comprehensive work on the subject of ASEAN mega-urban regions. The contributors review T.G. McGee's original idea of desakota zones, and offer arguments both for and against this concept, making a significant contribution to our understanding of the true face of ASEAN cities. The book brings together authors from around the world and will be of interest to a wide audience, including demographers, urban planners, geographers, sociologists, economists, civil servants and development consultants.
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While it is not incorrect to see these processes in terms of the well-established spread of metropolitan areas documented, for instance, by Gottmann (1961) in the United States, in the Asian context the spatial extent, the large in situ ...
Although the data may seem somewhat confusing, three main trends in the spatial patterns of the population can be identified. First, with the exception of Singapore, the outer rings of the metropolitan area have generally been ...
The ASEAN metropolitan areas appear to be exhibiting somewhat similar spatial patterns of growth to Western countries. Nonetheless, urbanization is now occurring in a much wider region than was historically the case in Western countries ...
... Metro ring 2,715 39.0 3,566 41.0 31.3 EMR ring 2,214 3 1.0 2,646 32.0 19.5 Total 6,939 100.0 8,522 100.0 22.8 Sources: Various Southeast Asian censuses (1980-90) Three broadly emerging patterns of spatial growth can be identified.
Rapid industrialization is therefore highly important in explaining the spatial process. Much investment is in industries that require cheap labour, although the industries are becoming more dependent on skilled labour and higher ...
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Processes Creating MegaUrban Regions in ASEAN
Case Studies of ASEAN MegaUrban Regions
Conclusions and Policy Implications