The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
Results 6-10 of 70
The main results in terms of attributable mortality , years of life lost and DALYs as well as attributable fractions are summarized in Annex Tables 6–13 .
WHO has estimated that approximately 27 % ( 168 million ) of children under five years of Proportion of DALYS attributable to age are underweight ( 2 ) .
... the loss of healthy life years is even more substantial : about 138 million DALYS , 9.5 % of the global total , were attributed to underweight .
About 10 % of maternal DALYs worldwide were attributed to vitamin A deficiency , again with the proportion highest in South - East Asia and Africa .
Attributable DALYS were higher , with zinc deficiency accounting for about 2.9 % of worldwide loss of healthy life years .
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