The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life
World Health Organization, 2002 - 248 pages
The World Health Report 2002 measures the amount of disease, disability, and health in the world today that can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health. Even more importantly, it also calculates how much of this present burden could be avoided in the next 10 years.
The World Health Report 2002 represents one of the largest research projects ever undertaken by WHO, in collaboration with experts worldwide. Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, Director-General of WHO, describes this report as a wake up call to the global community.
The report quantifies some of the most important risks to human health and examines a range of methods to reduce them. The ultimate goal is to help governments of all countries to lower major risks to health, and thereby raise the healthy life expectancy of their populations.
The risk factors range from underweight, unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene to high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, and obesity.
The report's findings give an intriguing - and alarming - insight into not just the current causes of disease and death and the factors underlying them, but also into human patterns of living and how some may be changing around the world while others remain dangerously unchanged.
Dr Brundtland says: This report helps every country in the world to see what measures it can take to reduce risks and promote healthy life for its own population.
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Figure 4.3 Burden of disease attributable to diet - related risk factors and physical inactivity ( % DALYs in each subregion ) A. Blood pressure or Worldwide , high blood pressure is estimated to cause 7.1 million deaths , about 13 % of ...
Overall this amounts to about 4.4 million deaths ( 7.9 % of total ) and 40.4 million DALYS ( 2.8 % of total ) . Of this total disease burden , 27 % occurred in SEAR - D , 18 % in EUR - C and 11 % in WPR - B . In AMR - A and Europe ...
... South - East Asia , EMR - D and WPR - A . The proportions of DALYs caused by high BMI are slightly higher for women than for men . LOW FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INTAKE Fruit and vegetables are important components of a healthy diet .
2.7 million ( 4.9 % ) deaths and 26.7 million ( 1.8 % ) DALYs are attributable to low fruit and vegetable intake . Of the burden attributable to low fruit and vegetable intake , about 85 % was from cardiovascular diseases and 15 % from ...
( % DALYs in each subregion ) No single measure of “ unsafe sex ” has Unsafe sex been used , because sex is only unsafe with respect to the context in which it occurs . Therefore patterns of sexual behaviour have been described .
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