Mega Urban Regions of Southeast Asia
A distinguishing feature of recent urbanization in the ASEAN countries of Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Indonesia is the outward extension of their mega-cities (Bangkok, Jakarta, Manila, Singapore, and Kuala Lumpur) beyond the metropolitan borders, resulting in the establishment of new towns, industrial estates, and housing projects in previously rural areas. This process has both positive and negative effects. On one side, household incomes and employment opportunities are increasing, but on the other, the growth often causes serious problems in terms of environmental deterioration, conflicting land uses, and inadequate housing and service provisions.
Mega Urban Regions of Southeast Asia is the first comprehensive work on the subject of ASEAN mega-urban regions. The contributors review T.G. McGee's original idea of desakota zones, and offer arguments both for and against this concept, making a significant contribution to our understanding of the true face of ASEAN cities. The book brings together authors from around the world and will be of interest to a wide audience, including demographers, urban planners, geographers, sociologists, economists, civil servants and development consultants.
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... Riau archipelago of Indonesia; Metro Manila in the Philippines; Jabotabek, the urban region centred on Jakarta in Indonesia; the Kuala Lumpur-Klang Valley region in Malaysia; and the Bangkok Metropolitan Region in central Thailand.
While it is not incorrect to see these processes in terms of the well-established spread of metropolitan areas ... e ”' Manila Singapore Kuala Jakana Bangkok 198'] Lumpur .28 / 26 15 .,_ 55 1 an E 15 /- 4n 7» 2132- " .1970 54 _ 2' ,.
generally corresponds to the older defined city limits; the metropolitan area, which broadly bounds the most heavily ... The following section studies the five major EMRs of ASEAN: Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Jakarta, and Manila.
Table 1 .3 Increase in population of Southeast Asian cities and metropolitan areas, 1960-80 1960-70 1970-80 ... +328.0 +62.0 +39.3 Metro area +248.0 +148.0 +34.6 Bangkok City +14.0 +12.4 +10.0 Other +374.0 +106.0 +31.3 Metro area +101.0 ...
... population living in the Bangkok EMR has steadily increased over the past few decades (McGee and Greenberg 1992). ... In the Philippines, the proportion of urban population living in the Manila Metropolitan Region has risen from ...