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DEPARTMENTS OF STATE, JUSTICE, AND COM-
AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1963
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEPARTMENTS OF STATE, JUSTICE, AND COMMERCE, THE
JUDICIARY, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS
JOHN J. ROONEY, New York, Chairman
FRANK T. BOW, Ohio
GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California
ELFORD A, CEDERBERG, Michigan
DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1962
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas
JOHN TABER, New York HARRY R. SHEPPARD, California
BEN F. JENSEN, Iowa ALBERT THOMAS, Texas
H. CARL ANDERSEN, Minnesota MICHAEL J. KIRWAN, Ohio
WALT HORAN, Washington JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi
IVOR D. FENTON, Pennsylvania GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama
GERALD R. FORD, JR., Michigan JOHN J. ROONEY, New York
HAROLD C. OSTERTAG, New York J. VAUGHAN GARY, Virginia
FRANK T. BOW, Ohio JOHN E. FOGARTY, Rhode Island
CHARLES RAPER JONAS, North Carolina ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida
MELVIN R. LAIRD, Wisconsin OTTO E. PASSMAN, Louisiana
ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan SIDNEY R. YATES, Ilinois
GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB, California FRED MARSHALL, Minnesota
JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee
JOHN R. PILLION, New York JOHN F. SHELLEY, California
PHIL WEAVER, Nebraska EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts
WILLIAM E. MINSHALL, Ohio DON MAGNUSON, Washington
ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania
WILLIAM H. MILLIKEN, JR., Pennsylvania WIN FIELD K. DENTON, Indiana
EARL WILSON, Indiana
KENNETH SPRANKLE, Clerk and Staff Director
HEARINGS PRINTO DREPORTS
DEPARTMENTS OF STATE, JUSTICE, AND COMMERCE,
DEPARTMENT OF STATE
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1962.
HON. DEAN RUSK, SECRETARY OF STATE
Mr. Rooney. The committee will please come to order. At this
We are honored and delighted to have with us the distinguished
GENERAL STATEMENT OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE
Secretary RUSK. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee,
Before I proceed, Mr. Chairman, I should like to take note of my
I intend to highlight some of our requirements and I hope the com-
The assistant secretaries of the regional bureaus and the heads of
I realize that my main purpose here at this time is to review our most important problems, our experiences this year, and our aims and plans for the future. At the conclusion of this discussion, if the committee will allow me, I shall be pleased to discuss off the record some of the major issues, as we see them, in the world situation.
IMPROVED ADMINISTRATION OF THE DEPARTMENT
I still hold to the belief, expressed here a year ago, that a critical examination of our proposals makes us a better Department of State than we would otherwise be, and that the prospect of such an examination strengthens the sense of responsibility which public servants must accept if our Nation is to thrive.
I am pleased to be able to report substantial progress in improving administration in the Department.
The Department's budget reflects an earnest effort to cope with our problems without asking for additional positions in the "Salaries and expenses” appropriation. We are a Department which has examined itself closely in the past year. What we are doing is useful and important and, to the best of our ability, we are eliminating unessential apparatus.
Even in the face of many crises—Berlin, Cuba, the Congo, and southeast Asia, to mention some of the major ones--our first year has been one of planning and reorganization, of strengthening the Department's decisionmaking and administrative capabilities.
When we found some months after the beginning of fiscal year 1962 that certain expected funds would not be available and that our resources would fall short of paying for our operations, we were required to take emergency actions.
REDUCTION-IN-FORCE ACTION, FISCAL YEAR 1962
In a determined effort to put ourselves on a sounder basis financially, we went through a reduction-in-force action. This procedure is a costly way to reduce an operation. It is costly in terms of what happens to human beings and costly in terms of disorganization and disruption. This was a difficult and complicated action. So was an order to defer home leave and travel pending relief through supplemental appropriations now before the Congress.
SECOND YEAR OF NEW ADMINISTRATION
We are entering the second year of this administration with an executive team in charge determined to support and promote the high quality of the Department and its personnel.
I have been deeply gratified and proud of the way in which the professional people in the Department, in the civil and Foreign Service, have responded to the increasing demands being made upon them daily-not just by the new administration, but by the course of events in the world about us. Skilled and devoted people in the Department have carried with brilliance and distinction the great responsibilities of the Department,
President Kennedy has charged the Department with the primary role in the conduct of our country's foreign relations. In discussing my personal interest in administration as well as in policy direction