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constitute a quorum thereof for business: Provided, however, That any two members shall constitute a quorum for the purpose of taking testimony, and further provided that all members of the subcommittee have been given reasonable notice of the meeting. A bill, resolution, or other matter referred by the chairman to a subcommittee may be recalled therefrom by him or by the committee for the committee's direct consideration or for referral to another subcommittee.

RULE 13. BILLS, RESOLUTIONS REPORTED.-Whenever the committee authorizes a favorable report on a bill or resolution, the chairman is authorized to report same to the House or to designate some member of the committee to do so, and he is authorized to use all parliamentary methods to secure passage thereof, without such additional authority being set forth particularly in the motion to report each individual bill or resolution.

RULE 14. PROXIES.-Proxies in writing in the form adopted by the committee must be in the hands of the chief clerk of the committee before or during each rollcall in which they are to be voted. In the case of subcommittee rollcalls, proxies must be in the hands of the subcommittee clerk before or during each rollcall. Proxies may not be counted for a quorum.

RULE 15. SCOPE OF COMMITTEE WORK.-The scope of the work of the committee and its subcommittees includes all legislative proposals and other matters pertaining to the following: Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938; National Labor Relations Act; Labor-Management Relations Act of 1947; Welfare and Pension Plans Disclosure Act; LaborManagement Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959; Longshoremen and Harbor Worker's Compensation Act; Davis-Bacon Act; Manpower Development and Training Act of 1962; Contract Work Hours Standards Act; Farm Labor Contractor Registration Act of 1963; Federal Employees' Compensation Act; Federal Coal Mine Safety Act; Higher Education Facilities Act of 1963; Library Services and Construction Act; National Arts and Cultural Development Act of 1964; Economic Opportunity Act of 1964; Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Offenses Control Act of 1961; National Defense Education Act of 1958; Vocational Rehabilitation Act; Smith-Hughes Vocational Education Act; Vocational Education Act of 1946; Vocational Education Act of 1963; Public Laws 815 and 874 (81st Cong.); Freedmen's Hospital; Gallaudet College; Howard University; St. Elizabeths Hospital; fair employment practices; equal pay for women; labor statistics; regulation or prevention of importation of foreign laborers under contract; child labor; convict labor; entry of goods made by convicts into interstate commerce; school construction; mediation and arbitration of labor disputes; welfare of miners; industrial safety; impact of Government programs such as compulsory military service on education; fine arts; civilian awards; education programs for the physically handicapped, mentally retarded, deaf, speech-defective, gifted, etc.; juvenile delinquency; youth programs; intercultural activities; scholarships in connection with a Peace Corps; scholarships for underdeveloped areas in Africa, Asia, and Latin America; problems of unemployment; impact of automation; impact of imports and exports on American employment; irregularities in labor and management; and all other legislative proposals affecting either wages or hours of labor, education, or relationships between employers and employees or their representatives, and affecting the safety or health of employees or compensation for their injuries.

PARAGRAPH 26 OF RULE XI OF THE RULES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

26. (a) The rules of the House are the rules of its committees so far as applicable, except that a motion to recess from day to day is a motion of high privilege in committees. Committees may adopt additional rules not inconsistent therewith.

(b) Each committee shall keep a complete record of all committee action. Such record shall include a record of the votes on any question on which a record vote is demanded.

(c) All committee hearings, records, data, charts, and files shall be kept separate and distinct from the congressional office records of the Member serving as chairman of the committee; and such records shall be the property of the House and all Members of the House shall have access to such records. Each committee is authorized to have printed and bound testimony and other data presented at hearings held by the committee.

(d) It shall be the duty of the chairman of each committee to report or cause to be reported promptly to the House any measure approved by his committee to take or cause to be taken necessary steps to bring the matter to vote.

(e) No measure or recommendation shall be reported from any committee unless a majority of the committee were actually present.

(f) Each committee shall, so far as practicable, require all witnesses appearing before it to file in advance written statements of their proposed testimony, and to limit their oral presentation to brief summaries of their argument. The staff of each committee shall prepare digests of such statements for the use of committee members.

(g) All hearings conducted by standing committees or their subcommittees shall be open to the public, except executive sessions for marking up bills or for voting or where the committee by a majority vote orders an executive session.

(h) Each committee may fix the number of its members to constitute a quorum for taking testimony and receiving evidence, which shall be not less than two.

(i) The chairman at an investigative hearing shall announce in an opening statement the subject of the investigation.

(j) A copy of the committee rules, if any, and paragraph 26 of rule XI of the House of Representatives shall be made available to the witness.

(k) Witnesses at investigative hearings may be accompanied by their own counsel for the purpose of advising them concerning their constitutional rights.

(1) The chairman may punish breaches of order and decorum, and of professional ethics on the part of counsel, by censure and exclusion from the hearings; and the committee may cite the offender to the House for contempt.

(m) If the committee determines that evidence or testimony at an investigative hearing may tend to defame, degrade, or incriminate any person, it shall

(1) receive such evidence or testimony in executive session; (2) afford such person an opportunity voluntarily to appear as a witness; and

(3) receive and dispose of requests from such person to subpena additional witnesses.

(n) Except as provided in paragraph (m), the chairman shall receive and the committee shall dispose of requests to subpena additional witnesses.

(0) No evidence or testimony taken in executive session may be released or used in public sessions without the consent of the committee.

(p) In the discretion of the committee, witnesses may submit brief and pertinent sworn statements in writing for inclusion in the record. The committee is the sole judge of the pertinency of testimony and evidence adduced at its hearing.

(q) Upon the payment of the cost thereof, a witness may obtain a transcript copy of his testimony given at a public session or, if given at an executive session, when authorized by the committee.

D. Labor Committee Prints During the 89th Congress

1. Multiemployer Association Bargaining and Its Impact on the Collective Bargaining Process. December 1964.

2. The Role and Mission of the Federal-State Employment Service in the American Economy. December 1964.

3. Readings on Public Employment Services. December 1964. 4. Activities and Accomplishments of the Committee on Education and Labor during the 88th Congress. January 1965.

5. Legislation Concerning Education and Training. July 1965. 6. Legislation Concerning Education and Training. December 1965. 7. Activities and Accomplishments of the Committee on Education and Labor During the First Session of the 89th Congress.

8. Active Manpower Policies in Great Britain and Scandinavia. May 1966.

APPENDIX

United States House of Representatives

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

89th Congress

Paragraph 26(j) of rule XI, Rules of the House of Representatives, provides that a copy of the committee rules and paragraph 26 of rule XI shall be made available to witnesses before the committee.

This reprint of the above-mentioned rules is furnished in accordance with that requirement.

RULES OF THE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

RULE 1. MEETINGS.-Regular meetings of the Committee on Education and Labor shall be held on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month at 9:45 a.m. while Congress is in session and may also be held at such other times as may be set by the chairman, either on his own motion or at the request of any subcommittee chairman who has been so authorized by his subcommittee.

RULE 2. RULES, PROCEDURES.-The rules of the House as far as they are applicable shall be the rules of the committee, and procedure in the committee, where not otherwise provided herein, shall follow the procedure of the House. Committee members may question witnesses only when they have been recognized by the chairman for that purpose, and only for a 5-minute period. The 5-minute period for questioning a witness by any one member can be extended only with the unanimous consent of all members present.

RULE 3. JOURNAL; ROLLCALLS. The proceedings of the committee shall be recorded in a journal which shall, among other things, show those present at each meeting and include a record of the votes on any question on which a record vote is demanded. A record vote may be demanded by one-fifth of the members present or, in the apparent absence of a quorum, by any one member. No demand for a rollcall shall be made or entertained save for the purpose of securing a record vote or in the apparent absence of a quorum.

RULE 4. SUBCOMMITTEES.-There shall be six standing subcommittees, as follows: The General Subcommittee on Education, the General Subcommittee on Labor, the Special Subcommittee on Education, the Special Subcommittee on Labor, the Select Subcommittee on Education, and the Select Subcommittee on Labor; plus such other special or select subcommittees as the chairman may deem advisable.

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