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28 February 1992
INTERGOVERNMENTAL NEGOTIATING COMMITTEE
REVISED CONSOLIDATED TEXT UNDIR NEGOTIATION
Note by the secretariat
The revised consolidated text has been prepared by the secretariat under the guidance of the Chairman of the Committee and the co-Chairman of the Working Groupo. It assembles texts that are, in their view, indicative of the state of negotiation in the two working Groupo. It is based, inter all, upon the consolidated Working Document contained in Annex II to document A/AC.237/15 and reflects the work on that document during the first part of the fifth session. It is intended to facilitate completion of work on the framework convention.
An editod version of the document will be published subsequently in ali official languages as an annox to the report of the Committee on the work of the first part of its fifth session (to be issued as A/AC.237/18).
N/AC. 237/Misc. 20
The Parties to this convention,
1. Acknowledging that (adverse) change in the Earth's cllmat. is a common concern of humankind since i sustainable climate is an essential condition that helps to sustain life, 2. concerned that (not) emissions resulting from human activities are substantially increasing the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, and that these increases will enhance the greenhouse offect, resulting on average in an additional warming of the Earth's surface and atmosphere and may adversely affect natural ecosystems and humankind, whilst not ing that there are many uncertaintiu in predictions particularly with regard to the timing, magnitude and regional patterns of climate change, 3. Aware that the adverse effects of such (potentiall climate change (and measures to mitigate it could have (serious, social, economic and environmental consequences, 4. Acknowledaing that the global nature of such climate change calls for the widest possible cooperation by all countries and their participation in an et fective and appropriato International response in accordance with (thoir respective responsibilities and capabilities]/[the moans at their disposal and thoir capabilities) and their social and economic conditions, 5. Recalling the pertinent provisions of the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Bnvironment (Stockholm, 1972) and in particular principl. 21 (which provides that "states have, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law, the soveroign right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their own environmental policies, and the responsibility to ensure that activities within thoir jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the environment of other States or of erous beyond the limits of national jurisdiction" (and accordingly that environmental considerations should not be used as a pretext for interference in the internal affairs of developing countries)). 6. Recalling aleg the provisions of General Assembly resolution 44/228 of 22 December 1989 on the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, and resolutions 43/53 of 6 December 1988, 44/207 of 22 December 1989 and 45/212 of 21 December 1990 on Protection of global climate for prosent and future generations of mankind, 7. Recalling further the provisions of General Assembly resolution 44/206 of 22 Decembar 1989 on the possible adverse effects of sea level rise on islands and coustal areas, particularly low lying coustal arous and the pertinent provisions of General Assembly resolution 14/172 of 19 December 1989 on the lapicugntation of the plan of Action to Combat Desertification, 8. Noting the Ministerial Declaration of the Socond World climat. Contoronce adopted on 7 November 1990,
Samo text as in A/AC.237/15, Annex II
Noting the significant contribution made towards combating activities that result la adverse effects on the Barth's climate by the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozono Layor, adopted on 22nd March 1985, and the Montrol Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozono Layor, adopted on 16th September 1987 and adjusted and amended on 29th June 1990,1 10. Recognizing the need to strengthen international cooperation in addrousing adverse effects of climate change (through the development within a global framework of appropriate policies (including the provision to developing countries of adequate, now and additional financial resources (based on assessed contributions by developed countries, and technology transter on (preferential, concessional and non-commerciall/ltair and most favourable) toras), Ithe preparation of protocols on specific problems 1/1the consideration of additional colated instruments as may be agrood) and by means of increased research into atmosphoric, torrestrial and marino ecology sciences as well as into the social and economic impacts of climate change and related response strategies, systematic observations, cooperation on scientific, technical, economic and legal matters and exchange of Information), 11. conscious of the valuable work being conducted by many Statos on global climate change and of the important contributions of the world Motoorological Organization, organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations system as well as other international and intergovernmental bodies for the exchange of results of scientific research and coordination of research, 12. Recognizing the need for (all) countries with excessively high por capita ratos of anthropogenic carbon dioxide missions) to tako imediato action in a flexible mannor on the basis of (short, medium and long torm)/(clou priorities, as a first step towards comprohonsive response strategies at the global, national and l, whor, agrood, regional) lovols which tako into account all groonhouse gases, with due consideration of thoir rolative contributions to the enhancement of the greenhouse of loct and recognizing also that strategies required to understand and addsou ellmato change will be environmentally, socially and economically most offoctive 16 they are based on rolovant scientific, čochnical and economic considerations and continually re-evaluated in the light of now findings in these vous,
Aware of the role and importance of sinks and reservoirs in terrestrial and marino ocosysteas, inter all, in the absorption of greenhouse gasos, 14. Recognizing that action to reduce maissions of greenhouse gases can also help in solving other environmental problems, 15. Affirming that response to cllmate change should be coordinated with social and economic development in an integrated manner with a view to avoiding adverse lapects on the lattor, taking into full account the legitimato and of developing countries which have at this time us their man. priority the lovesont of sustained economic growth and the eradication of poverty, and it thorofore the promotion of economic growth in dovoloping countrio loquential to addruri the problems rolated to climate change, 16. Recognising that tho Laprovement of the International economic environment, thus promoting the economic growth and sustainable social and economic development, of developing countries, is (ossontiall/la prerequisite! for enabling developing countries to participate oi fectively in the International efforts to address climate change,
17. Becognizing that all countries, sopocially developing countries, nood access to all the resourco required to achieve sustainable social and economic development and that in order to progress towards that goul, (the energy consumption of developing countries must grow, taking into account the nood for greater energy officiency]/inet emissions of developing countries must grow),
Conscious that countries with low lying coastal, erid and real-urid areas or arous liable to drought and desertification, small island countries and countries with fragile mountainous ocosysteas aro particularly vulnerable to the potential adverse Lapacts of climate change and will thorofor. require special consideration under this convention and its (subsequent protocolo)/(rolated legal instruments), (19. Acknowledaing the specific transitional difficulties of those countries, particularly developing countries, whose economies are particularly dependent on fossil fuel production, use and exportation, as a consequence of action takon on limiting greenhouse gas emissions and that these difficulties will need to be recognized in the development of protocols under this convention, 1 20. Barring in mind the importance of integrating environmental concerns and considerations into policies and programmes in all countries (without introducing any form of conditionality in aid of developaont élnancing or constituting a protext for devising now barriers to tradej, (21. Recognizing that climate policies should be us cost-effective u possible in order to ensure maximum benefits froa measuru undertakan, I
22. Determined to protect the atmosphere for present and future generations (on the basis of intor-generational as well as intri-generational equityl, Have agreed as follows: