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(2) The Secretary of Defense shall take paragraph (1) into account in approving rates of obligation of appropriations under section 2204 of this title.
(b) Each solicitation for a contract for supplies shall, if practicable, include a provision inviting each offeror responding to the solicitation to state an opinion on whether the quantity of the supplies proposed to be procured is economically advantageous to the United States and, if applicable, to recommend a quantity or quantities which would be more economically advantageous to the United States. Each such recommendation shall include a quotation of the total price and the unit price for supplies procured in each recommended quantity.
(Added P.L. 98–525, § 1233(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2600.)
§ 2385. Arms and ammunition: immunity from taxation
No tax on the sale or transfer of firearms, pistols, revolvers, shells, or cartridges may be imposed on such articles when bought with funds appropriated for a military department. (Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 137.)
§2386. Copyrights, patents, designs, etc.; acquisition
Funds appropriated for a military department available for making or procuring supplies may be used to acquire any of the following if the acquisition relates to supplies or processes produced or used by or for, or useful to, that department:
(1) Copyrights, patents, and applications for patents.
(2) Licenses under copyrights, patents, and applications for patents.
(3) Technical data and computer software.
(4) Releases for past infringement of patents or copyrights or for unauthorized use of technical data or computer software. (Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 137; Sept. 8, 1960, P.L. 86-726, §3, 74 Stat. 855; Oct. 13, 1994, P.L. 103-355, § 3063, 108 Stat. 3337.)
$2387. Procurement of table and kitchen equipment for officers' quarters: limitation on
(a) Except under regulations approved by the Secretary of Defense and providing for uniform practices among the armed forces under his jurisdiction, no part of any appropriation of the Department of Defense may be used to supply or replace table linen, dishes, glassware, silver, and kitchen utensils for use in the residences on shore, or quarters on shore, of officers of those armed forces.
(b) This section does not apply to
(1) field messes;
(2) messes temporarily set up on shore for bachelor officers and officers attached to seagoing or district defense vessels;
(3) aviation units based on seagoing vessels;
(4) fleet air bases;
(5) submarine bases; and
(6) landing forces and expeditions.
(Added P.L. 85-861, § 1(45), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1458.)
§ 2388. Liquid fuels and natural gas: contracts for storage, handling, or distribution
(a) AUTHORITY TO CONTRACT.-The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of a military department may each contract for storage facilities for, or the storage, handling, or distribution of, liquid fuels or natural gas.
(b) PERIOD OF CONTRACT.-The period of a contract entered into under subsection (a) may not exceed 5 years. However, the contract may provide options for the Secretary to renew the contract for additional periods of not more than 5 years each, but not for more than a total of 20 years.
(c) OPTION TO PURCHASE FACILITY.—A contract under this section may contain an option for the purchase by the United States of the facility covered by the contract at the expiration or termination of the contract, without regard to subsections (a) and (b) of section 3324 of title 31, and before approval of title to the underlying land by the Attorney General.
(Added P.L. 85-861, § 1(46), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1458, and amended P.L. 97-214, § 10(a)(3), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 175; P.L. 97-258, §3(b)(6), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1063; P.L. 97-295, §1(27), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1291; P.L. 98-525, § 1405(56)(A), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2626; P.L. 101-510, §′1322(a)(6), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1671; P.L. 103–160, § 825, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1712; P.L. 103-355, 3064, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3337.)
[§ 2389. Repealed. P.L. 103–160, § 821(a)(4), Nov. 30, 1993, 107
$2390. Prohibition on the sale of certain defense articles from the stocks of the Department of Defense
(a)(1) Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c), the sale outside the Department of Defense of any defense article designated or otherwise classified as Prepositioned Material Configured to Unit Sets, as decrement stock, or as Prepositioned War Reserve Stocks for United States Forces is prohibited.
(2) In this section, the term "decrement stock" means such stock as is needed to bring the armed forces from a peacetime level of readiness to a combat level of readiness.
(b) The President may authorize the sale outside the Department of Defense of a defense article described in subsection (a) if(1) he determines that there is an international crisis affecting the national security of the United States and the sale of such article is in the best interests of the United States; and (2) he reports to the Congress not later than 60 days after the transfer of such article a plan for the prompt replenishment of the stocks of such article and the planned budget request to begin implementation of that plan.
(c)(1) Nothing in this section shall preclude the sale of stocks which have been designated for replacement, substitution, or elimination or which have been designated for sale to provide funds to procure higher priority stocks.
(2) Nothing in this section shall preclude the transfer or sale of equipment to other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
(Added as § 975 P.L. 95-485, §815(a), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1625, and amended P.L. 100-26 §7(k)(3), April 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 284; transferred and redesignated § 2390 P.L. 101-189, 1622(b)(1), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1604.)
§ 2391. Military base reuse studies and community planning assistance 2
(a) REUSE STUDIES.-Whenever the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the military department concerned publicly announces that a military installation is a candidate for closure or that a final decision has been made to close a military installation and the Secretary of Defense determines, because of the location, facilities, or other particular characteristics of the installation, that the installation may be suitable for some specific Federal, State, or local use potentially beneficial to the Nation, the Secretary of Defense may conduct such studies, including the preparation of an environmental impact statement in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), in connection with such installation and such potential use as may be necessary to provide information sufficient to make sound conclusions and recommendations regarding the possible use of the installation.
(b)(1) ADJUSTMENT AND DIVERSIFICATION ASSISTANCE.-The Secretary of Defense may make grants, conclude cooperative agreements, and supplement funds available under Federal_programs administered by agencies other than the Department of Defense in order to assist State and local governments in planning community adjustments and economic diversification required (A) by the proposed or actual establishment, realignment, or closure of a military installation, (B) by the cancellation or termination of a Department of Defense contract or the failure to proceed with an approved major weapon system program, (C) by a pubicly announced planned major reduction in Department of Defense spending that would directly and adversely affect a community, (D) by the encroachment of a civilian community on a military installation, or (E) by the closure or the significantly reduced operations of a defense facility as the result of the merger, acquisition, or consolidation of the defense contractor operating the defense facility, if the Secretary determines that an action described in clause (A), (B), (C), or (E) is like
2Section 2819 of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1989 (division B of P.L. 100456, 102 Stat. 2119), as amended, provides:
SEC. 2819. COMMISSION ON ALTERNATIVE UTILIZATION OF MILITARY FACILITIES
(a) ESTABLISHMENT OF COMMISSION.-Within 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 29, 1988), the President shall establish a Commission on Alternative Utilization of Military Facilities. The Commission shall be composed of representatives from the Department of Defense, the Bureau of Prisons of the Department of Justice, the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the Department of Health and Human Services, and the General Services Administration.
(b) REPORT REQUIREMENTS.—The Commission shall, on a biannual basis
(1) prepare a report listing active and nonactive military facilities that the Secretary of Defense has identified as subjects for closure, as being underutilized in whole or part, or as being excess to the needs of the Department of Defense;
(2) identify those facilities, or parts of facilities, that could be effectively utilized or renovated to serve as Federal confinement or correctional facilities including shock incarceration facilities;
(3) identify those facilities, or parts of facilities, that could be effectively utilized or renovated to serve as drug treatment facilities for nonviolent drug abusers;
(4) identify those facilities, or parts of facilities, that could be effectively utilized or renovated to meet the needs of States and local jurisdictions for confinement or correctional facilities; and
(5) transmit a list of such facilities to the President and to the Congress.
(c) DEADLINE FOR REPORTS.-The first report required by subsection (b) shall be submitted to the President and Congress not later than October 1, 1988. Subsequent reports under such subsection shall be submitted not later than September 1 of every second year after submission of the first report through fiscal year 1996.
ly to have a direct and significantly adverse consequence on the affected community or, in the case of an action described in clause (D), if the Secretary determines that the encroachment of the civilian community is likely to impair the continued operational utility of the military installation.
(2) In the case of the establishment or expansion of a military installation, assistance may be made under paragraph (1) only if (A) community impact assistance or special impact assistance is not otherwise available, and (B) the establishment or expansion involves the assignment to the installation of (i) more than 2,000 military, civilian, and contractor Department of Defense personnel, or (ii) more military, civilian, and contractor Department of Defense personnel than the number equal to 10 percent of the number of persons employed in counties or independent municipalities within fifteen miles of the installation, whichever is lesser.
(3) In the case of a publicly announced planned reduction in Department of Defense spending, the closure or significantly reduced operations of a defense facility, the cancellation or termination of a Department of Defense contract, or the failure to proceed with a previously approved major defense acquisition program, assistance may be made under paragraph (1) only if the reduction, cancellation, termination, or failure will have a direct and significant adverse impact on a community and will result in the loss of
(A) 2,500 or more employee positions, in the case of a Metropolitan Statistical Area or similar area (as defined by the Director of the Office of Management and Budget);
(B) 1,000 or more employee positions, in the case of a labor market area outside of a Metropolitan Statistical Area; or
(C) one percent of the total number of civilian jobs in that
(4)(A) In the case of a State or local government eligible for assistance under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense may also make grants, conclude cooperative agreements, and supplement other Federal funds in order to assist the State or local government to carry out a community adjustment and economic diversification program (including State industrial extension or modernization efforts to facilitate the economic diversification of defense contractors and subcontractors) in addition to planning such a program.
(B) The Secretary shall establish criteria for the selection of community adjustment and economic diversification programs to receive assistance under subparagraph (A). Such criteria shall include a requirement that the State or local government agree
(i) to provide not less than 10 percent of the funding for the program from non-Federal sources;
(ii) to provide business planning and market exploration services under the program to defense contractors and subcontractors that seek modernization or diversification assistance; and
(iii) to provide training, counseling, and placement services for members of the armed forces and dislocated defense workers.
(C) The Secretary shall carry out this paragraph in coordination with the Secretary of Commerce.
(5) The Secretary of Defense may also make grants, conclude cooperative agreements, and supplement other Federal funds in order to assist a State or local government in planning community adjustments and economic diversification even though the State or local government is not currently eligible for assistance under paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that a substantial portion of the economic activity or population of the geographic area to be subject to the advance planning is dependent on defense expendi
(6) Funds provided to State and local governments and regional organizations under this section may be used as part or all of any required non-Federal contribution to a Federal grant-in-aid program for the purposes stated in paragraph (1).
(7) To the extent practicable, the Secretary of Defense shall inform a State or local government applying for assistance under this subsection of the approval or rejection by the Secretary of the application for such assistance as follows:
(A) Before the end of the 7-day period beginning on the date on which the Secretary receives the application, in the case of an application for a planning grant.
(B) Before the end of the 30-day period beginning on such date, in the case of an application for assistance to carry out a community adjustments and economic diversifications program.
(8)(A) In attempting to complete consideration of applications within the time period specified in paragraph (7), the Secretary of Defense shall give priority to those applications requesting assistance for a community described in subsection (f)(1).
(B) If an application under paragraph (7) is rejected by the Secretary, the Secretary shall promptly inform the State or local government of the reasons for the rejection of the application.
(c) ANNUAL REPORT.-The Secretary of Defense shall submit a report not later than December 1 of each year to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives concerning the operation of this section during the preceding fiscal year. Each such report shall identify each State, unit of local government, and regional organization that received a grant under this section during such fiscal year and the total amount granted under this section during such year to each such State, unit of local government, and regional organization.
(d) DEFINITIONS.-In this section:
(1) The term "military installation" means any camp, post, station, base, yard, or other installation under the jurisdiction of a military department that is located within any of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or Guam.
(2) The term "defense facility" means any private facility producing goods or services pursuant to a defense contract.
(3) The terms "community adjustment" and "economic diversification" include the development of feasibility studies and business plans for market diversification within a community adversely affected by an action described in clause (A), (B), (C), or (E) of subsection (b)(1) by adversely affected businesses and labor organizations located in the community.