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and sent to the other, no exclusion under this paragraph shall be made by reason of adjournments of the first House taken thereafter. (c) Any provision of the plan may, under provisions contained in the plan, be made operative at a time later than the date on which the plan shall otherwise take effect. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, § 6. 59 Stat. 616.)

§ 133y-5. Definition of "agency."-When used in sections 133y to 133y-16 of this title, the term "agency" means any executive department, commission, independent establishment, corporation wholly or partly owned by the United States which is an instrumentality of the United States, board, bureau, division, service, office, officer, authority, administration, or other establishment, in the executive branch of the Government. Such term does not include the Comptroller General of the United States or the General Accounting Office, which are a part of the legislative branch of the Government. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, § 7, 59 Stat. 616.)

§ 133y-6. What constitutes a "reorganization."-For the purposes of sections 133y to 133y-16 of this title any transfer, consolidation, coordination, abolition, change or designation of name or title, disposition, winding up of affairs, or provision for the appointment and compensation of the head or assistant heads of an agency, referred to in sections 133y-1 or 133y-2 of this title, shall be deemed a "reorganization." (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, § 8, 59 Stat. 616.)

§ 133y-7. Effect of transfer or consolidation on statutes and regulations or other actions; definition; effect on pending legal proceedings. (a) (1) Any statute enacted, and any regulation or other action made, prescribed, issued, granted, or performed, in respect of or by any agency or function transferred to, or consolidated or coordinated with, any other agency or function under the provisions of sections 133y to 133y-16 of this title, before the effective date of such transfer, consolidation, or coordination, shall, except to the extent rescinded, modified, superseded, or made inapplicable by or under authority of law, have the same effect as if such transfer, consolidation, or coordination had not been made; but where any such statute, regulation, or other action has vested functions in the agency from which the transfer is made under the plan, such functions shall, insofar as they are to be exercised after the transfer, be considered as vested in the agency to which the transfer is made under the plan.

(2) As used in paragraph (1) of this subsection the term "regulation or other action" means any regulation, rule, order, policy, determination, directive, authorization, permit, privilege, requirement, designation, or other action.

(b) No suit, action, or other proceeding lawfully commenced by or against the head of any agency or other officer of the United States, in his official capacity or in relation to the discharge of his official duties, shall abate by reason of the taking effect of any reorganization under the provisions of said sections, but the court may, on motion or supplemental petition filed at any time within twelve months after such reorganization takes effect, showing a necessity for a survival of such suit, action, or other proceeding to obtain a settlement of the questions involved, allow the same to be maintained by or against the successor of such head or officer under the reorganization SO effected or, if there be no such successor, against such agency or officer as the President shall designate. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, § 9, 59 Stat. 617.)

§ 133y-8. Effect on unexpended appropriations.-The appropriations or portions of appropriations unexpended by reason of the operation of sections 133y to 133y-16 of this title shall not be used for any purpose, but shall be impounded and returned to the Treasury. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, § 10, 59 Stat. 617.)

§ 133y-9. Publication of reorganization plans.-If the reorganizations specified in a reorganization plan take effect, the reorganization plan shall be printed in the Statutes at Large in the same volume as the public laws, and shall be printed in the Federal Register. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, § 11, 59 Stat. 617.)

§ 133y-10. Rules of Senate and House of Representatives in case of resolutions on reorganization plans.-Sections 133y-10 to 133y-16 of this title are enacted by the Congress:

(a) As an exercise of the rule-making power of the Senate and the House of Representatives, respectively, and as such they shall be considered as part of the rules of each House, respectively, but applicable only with respect to the procedure to be followed in such House in the case of resolutions (as defined in section 133y-11 of this title); and such rules shall supersede other rules only to the extent that they are inconsistent therewith; and

(b) With full recognition of the constitutional right of either House to change such rules (so far as relating to the procedure in such House) at any time, in the same manner and to the same extent as in the case of any other rule of such House. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title II, § 201, 59 Stat. 617.)

§ 133y-11. Definition of "resolution."-As used in sections 133y-10 to 133y-16 of this title, the term "resolution" means only a concurrent resolution of the two Houses of Congress, the matter after the resolving clause of which is as follows: "That the Congress does not favor the reorganization plan numbered transmitted to Congress by the President on 19 ", the blank spaces therein being appropriately filled; and does not include a concurrent resolution which specifies more than one reorganization plan. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title II, § 202, 59 Stat. 618.)

§ 133y-12. Reference of resolution of reorganization plan to committee. A resolution with respect to a reorganization plan shall be referred to a committee (and all resolutions with respect to the same plan shall be referred to the same committee) by the President of the Senate or the Speaker of the House of Representatives, as the case may be. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title II, § 203, 59 Stat. 618.)

§ 133y-13. Discharge of committee considering reorganization plan resolution.-(a) If the committee to which has been referred a resolution with respect to a reorganization plan has not reported it before the expiration of ten calendar days after its introduction (or, in the case of a resolution received from the other House, ten calendar days after its receipt), it shall then (but not before) be in order to move either to discharge the committee from further consideration of such resolution, or to discharge the committee from further consideration of any other resolution with respect to such reorganization plan which has been referred to the committee.

(b) Such motion may be made only by a person favoring the resolution, shall be highly privileged (except that it may not be made after the committee has reported a resolution with respect to the same reorganization plan), and debate thereon shall be limited to not

to exceed one hour, to be equally divided between those favoring and those opposing the resolution. No amendment to such motion shall be in order, and it shall not be in order to move to reconsider the vote by which such motion is agreed to or disagreed to.

(c) If the motion to discharge is agreed to or disagreed to, such motion may not be renewed, nor may another motion to discharge the committee be made with respect to any other resolution with respect to the same reorganization plan. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title II. § 204, 59 Stat. 618.)

§ 133y-14. Procedure after report or discharge of committee; debate. (a) When the committee has reported, or has been discharged from further consideration of, a resolution with respect to a reorganization plan, it shall at any time thereafter be in order (even though a previous motion to the same effect has been disagreed to) to move to proceed to the consideration of such resolution. Such motion shall be highly privileged and shall not be debatable. No amendment to such motion shall be in order and it shall not be in order to move to reconsider the vote by which such motion is agreed to or disagreed to.

(b) Debate on the resolution shall be limited to not to exceed ten hours, which shall be equally divided between those favoring and those opposing the resolution. A motion further to limit debate shall not be debatable. No amendment to, or motion to recommit, the resolution shall be in order, and it shall not be in order to move to reconsider the vote by which the resolution is agreed to or disagreed to. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title II, § 205, 59 Stat. 618.)

§ 133y-15. Decisions on motions to postpone or proceed to be without debate.-(a) All motions to postpone, made with respect to the discharge from committee, or the consideration of, a resolution with respect to a reorganization plan, and all motions to proceed to the consideration of other business, shall be decided without debate.

(b) All appeals from the decisions of the Chair relating to the application of the rules of the Senate or the House of Representatives, as the case may be, to the procedure relating to a resolution with respect to a reorganization plan shall be decided without debate. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title II, § 206, 59 Stat. 618.)

§ 133y-16. Procedure when one House, prior to passage of its resolution, receives resolution from other House on same plan.— If, prior to the passage by one House of a resolution of that House with respect to a reorganization plan, such House receives from the other House a resolution with respect to the same plan, then

(a) If no resolution of the first House with respect to such plan has been referred to committee, no other resolution with respect to the same plan may be reported or (despite the provisions of section. 133y-13 (a) of this title) be made the subject of a motion to discharge. (b) If a resolution of the first House with respect to such plan has been referred to committee

(1) the procedure with respect to that or other resolutions of such House with respect to such plan which have been referred to committee shall be the same as if no resolution from the other House with respect to such plan had been received but

(2) on any vote on final passage of a resolution of the first House with respect to such plan the resolution from the other House with respect to such plan shall be automatically substituted for the resolu

accomplish an overall reduction of at least 25 per centum in the administrative costs of the agency or agencies affected. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, § 2, 59 Stat. 613.)

SHORT TITLE

Congress in enacting this legislation provided by section 1 of act Dec. 20, 1945, cited to text, that sections 133y to 133y-16 of this title should be popularly known as the 'Reorganization Act of 1945."

§ 133y-1. Powers and duties of President; preparation and contents of reorganization plan; submission to Congress.-Whenever the President, after investigation, finds that

(1) the transfer of the whole or any part of any agency, or of the whole or any part of the functions thereof, to the jurisdiction and control of any other agency; or

(2) the abolition of all or any part of the functions of any agency; or

(3) the consolidation or coordination of the whole or any part of any agency, or of the whole or any part of the functions thereof, with the whole or any part of any other agency or the functions thereof; or

(4) the consolidation or coordination of any part of any agency or the functions thereof with any other part of the same agency or the functions thereof; or

(5) the abolition of the whole or any part of any agency which agency or part does not have, or upon the taking effect of the reorganizations specified in the reorganization plan will not have, any functions,

is necessary to accomplish one or more of the purposes of section 133y (a) of this title, he shall prepare a reorganization plan for the making of the transfers, consolidations, coordinations, and abolitions, as to which he has made findings and which he includes in the plan, and transmit such plan (bearing an identifying number) to the Congress, together with a declaration that, with respect to each transfer, consolidation, coordination, or abolition referred to in paragraph (1), (2), (3), (4), or (5) of this section and specified in the plan, he has found that such transfer, consolidation, coordination, or abolition is necessary to accomplish one or more of the purposes of section 133y (a) of this title. The delivery to both Houses shall be on the same day and shall be made to each House while it is in session. The President, in his message transmitting a reorganization plan, shall specify with respect to each abolition of a function specified in the plan the statutory authority for the exercise of such function. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, § 3, 59 Stat. 613.)

§ 133y-2. Additional contents of reorganization plans.-Any reorganization plan transmitted by the President under section 133y-1 of this title

(1) shall change, in such cases as he deems necessary, the name of any agency affected by a reorganization, and the title of its head; and shall designate the name of any agency resulting from a reorganization and the title of its head;

(2) may include provisions for the appointment and compensation of the head and one or more assistant heads of any agency (including an agency resulting from a consolidation) if the President finds, and

in his message transmitting the plan declares, that by reason of transfers, consolidations and coordinations made by the plan, the responsibilities and duties of such head are of such nature as to require such action. The head so provided for may be an individual or may be a commission or board with two or more members. In the case of any such appointment the term of office shall not be fixed at more than four years, the compensation shall not be at a rate in excess of $10,000 per annum, and, if the appointment is not under the classified civil service, it shall be by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate;

(3) shall make provision for the transfer or other disposition of the records, property, and personnel affected by any transfer, consolidation, coordination, or abolition;

(4) shall make provision for the transfer of such unexpended balances of appropriations available for use in connection with any function or agency transferred, consolidated, or coordinated, as he deems necessary by reason of the transfer, consolidation, or coordination for use in connection with the transferred, consolidated, or coordinated functions, or for the use of the agency to which the transfer is made, but such unexpended balances so transferred shall be used only for the purposes for which such appropriation was originally made;

(5) shall make provision for winding up the affairs of any agency abolished. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, § 4, 59 Stat. 614.)

§ 133y-3. Limitations on reorganization plans; agencies exempted; termination of power to effect reorganization.-(a) No reorganization plan shall provide for, and no reorganization under sections 133y to 133y-16 of this title shall have the effect of

(1) abolishing or transferring an executive department or all the functions thereof or establishing any new executive department; or (2) changing the name of any executive department or the title of its head, or designating any agency as "Department" or its head as "Secretary"; or

(3) continuing any agency beyond the period authorized by law for its existence or beyond the time when it would have terminated if the reorganization had not been made; or

(4) continuing any function beyond the period authorized by law for its exercise, or beyond the time when it would have terminated if the reorganization had not been made, or beyond the time when the agency in which it was vested before the reorganization would have terminated if the reorganization had not been made; or

(5) authorizing any agency to exercise any function which is not expressly authorized by law at the time the plan is transmitted to the Congress; or

(6) imposing, in connection with the exercise of any quasi-judicial or quasi-legislative function possessed by an independent agency, any greater limitation upon the exercise of independent judgment and discretion, to the full extent authorized by law, in the carrying out of such function, than existed with respect to the exercise of such function by the agency in which it was vested prior to the taking effect of such reorganization; except that this prohibition shall not prevent the abolition of any such function; or

(7) increasing the term of any office beyond that provided by law for such office.

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