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TITLE 18-CRIMINAL CODE AND CRIMINAL

PROCEDURE

OFFENSES AGAINST PUBLIC JUSTICE

§ 241a. (Criminal Code, section 135a.) Protection of party or witness appearing before the agencies of United States.-Whoever corruptly, or by threats or force, or by any threatening letter or communication, shall endeavor to influence, intimidate, or impede any party or witness in any proceeding pending before any department, independent establishment, board, commission, or other agency of the United States, or in connection with any inquiry or investigation being had by either House, or any committee of either House, or any joint committee of the Congress of the United States, or who shall injure any party or witness in his person or property on account of his attending or having attended such proceeding, inquiry, or investigation, or on account of his testifying or having testified to any matter pending therein, or who corruptly or by threats or force, or by any threatening letter or communication shall influence, obstruct, or impede, or endeavor to influence, obstruct, or impede the due and proper administration of the law under which such proceeding is being had before such department, independent establishment, board, commission, or other agency of the United States, or the due and proper exercise of the power of inquiry under which such inquiry or investigation is being had by either House, or any committee of either House or any joint committee of the Congress of the United States, shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than five years or both. (As amended June 8, 1945, ch. 178, § 2, 59 Stat. 234.)

AMENDMENTS

*

1945-Act June 8, 1945, cited to text, amended section by inserting "party or" following "or impede any", "or who shall * * matter pending therein," following "of the United States,", and by increasing the penalty provisions from a fine of $1,000 to $5,000 and the length of imprisonment from 1 year to 5 years.

§ 242. (Criminal Code, section 136.) Conspiring to intimidate party, witness, or juror.—If two or more persons conspire to violate any provision of sections 241 or 241a of this title, and one or more of such persons does any act to effect the object of the conspiracy, each of the parties to such conspiracy shall be punished in like manner as provided by sections 241 and 241a of this title. (As amended June 8, 1945, ch. 178, § 3, 69 Stat. 234.)

AMENDMENTS

1945-Act June 8, 1945, cited to text, amended section generally by making fine and imprisonment correspond to those of sections 241 and 241a of this title.

146

TITLE 21-FOODS AND DRUGS

Animals, Meats, and Meat and Dairy Products-Prevention of Introduction and Spread of Contagion

Sec.

129.

133.

Payment for animals purchased; computation of value, and amount
paid.
Establishment of international animal quarantine station on Swan
island; entry of animals from any country; importation into United
States.

Domestic Control of Production and Distribution of the Opium Poppy (New) 188j. Enforcement of provisions by Secretary of Treasury; assistance from federal agencies.

ANIMALS, MEATS, AND MEAT AND DAIRY PRODUCTS PREVENTION OF INTRODUCTION AND SPREAD OF CONTAGION

§ 129. Payment for animals purchased; computation of value, and amount paid.-In case of an emergency arising out of the existence of foot-and-mouth disease, rinderpest, contagious pleuropneumonia, or other contagious or infectious diseases of animals, or European fowl pest and similar diseases in poultry, which, in the opinion of the Secretary, threatens the livestock or the poultry industry of the country, he may expend in the city of Washington or elsewhere any unexpended balances of appropriations heretofore made for this purpose, not to exceed $305,000, in the arrest and eradication of any such disease, including the payment of claims growing out of past and future purchases and destruction of animals (including poultry) affected by or exposed to, or of materials contaminated by or exposed to, any such disease, wherever found and irrespective of ownership, under like or substantially similar circumstances, when such owner has complied with all lawful quarantine regulations: Provided, That the payment for such animals hereafter purchased may be made on appraisement based on the meat, egg-production, dairy, or breeding value, but in case of appraisement based on breeding value no appraisement of any such animal shall exceed three times its meat, eggproduction, or dairy value, and, except in case of extraordinary emergency, to be determined by the Secretary, the payment by the United States Government for any such animals shall not exceed one-half of any such appraisements: Provided further, That poultry may be appraised in groups when the basis for appraisal is the same for each bird. (As amended May 11, 1926, ch. 286, 44 Stat. 529; Jan. 18, 1927, ch. 39, 44 Stat. 1005; May 16, 1928, ch. 572, 45 Stat. 548; Feb. 16, 1929, ch. 227, 45 Stat. 1198; May 27, 1930, ch. 341, 46 Stat. 403; Feb. 23, 1931, ch. 278, 46 Stat. 1252; July 7, 1932, ch. 443, 47 Stat. 620; Mar. 3, 1933, ch. 203, 47 Stat. 1442; Mar. 26, 1934, ch. 89, 48 Stat. 477; May 17, 1935, ch. 131, title I, § 1, 49 Stat. 257; June 4, 1936, ch. 489, 49 Stat. 1432; June 29, 1937, ch. 404, 50 Stat. 406; June 16, 1938, ch. 464, title I, 52 Stat. 722; June 30, 1939, ch. 253, title I, 53 Stat. 951; June 25, 1940,

ch. 421, § 1, 54 Stat. 542; July 1, 1941, ch. 267, § 1, 55 Stat. 418; July 22, 1942, ch. 516, § 1, 56 Stat. 676; July 12, 1943, ch. 215, § 1, 57 Stat. 403; June 28, 1944, ch. 296, § 1, 58 Stat. 434; May 5, 1945, ch. 109, § 1, 59 Stat. 144; June 22, 1946, ch. 445, § 1, 60 Stat. 278.)

Act of June 22, 1946, cited to text, amended section by omitting proviso relating to the eradication of the European fowl pest and substituting a proviso relating to appraisal of poultry in groups.

Act July 12, 1943, cited to text, substituted "Secretary" for "Secretary of Agriculture."

PREVENTION OF INTRODUCTION AND SPREAD OF CONTAGION

§ 133. Establishment of international animal quarantine station on Swan Island; entry of animals from any country; importation into United States.-The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized, in his discretion, to establish and maintain on Swan Island, either independently or in cooperation with other American Republics and with breeders' organizations and similar organizations and individuals within the United States, an international animal quarantine station, including the acquisition of sites by lease or otherwise, and the construction of temporary building, improvements, and other facilities on such sites, and notwithstanding the provisions of any other law but subject to regulations prescribed under this section by the Secretary of Agriculture to prevent the introduction into the United States of communicable diseases of animals, animals may be brought into said quarantine station from any country, including but not limited to those countries in which the Secretary of Agriculture determines that rinderpest and foot-and-mouth disease exist, and may be subsequently imported into other parts of the United States under said regulations. (July 24, 1946, ch. 592, 60 Stat. 633.)

DOMESTIC CONTROL OF PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE OPIUM POPPY (NEW)

§ 188j. Enforcement of provisions by Secretary of the Treasury; assistance from federal agencies.

(b) It shall be the duty of the other departments, bureaus, and independent establishments, and particularly the Bureau of Plant Industry in the Department of Agriculture, when requested by the Secretary of the Treasury, to furnish such assistance, including technical advice, as will aid in carrying out the purposes of sections 188188n of this title. (Dec. 11, 1942, ch. 720, § 11, 56 Stat. 1048.)

TITLE 22-FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE

Sec.

Foreign Wars, War Materials and Neutrality, War Materials

412. Same; procurement for and transfer of defense articles to other countries; repairs; etc.; limitation on amount; termination of powers; etc. 415. Same; appropriations; disposition of repayments.

FOREIGN WARS, WAR MATERIALS, AND NEUTRALITY WAR MATERIALS § 412. Same; procurement for and transfer of defense articles to other countries; repairs, etc.; limitation on amount; termination of powers; naval convoys; combat area navigation.-(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law, the President may, from time to time, when he deems it in the interest of national defense, authorize the Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Navy, or the head of any other department or agency of the Government

(1) To manufacture in arsenals, factories, and shipyards under their jurisdiction, or otherwise procure, to the extent to which funds are made available therefor, or contracts are authorized from time to time by the Congress, or both, any defense article for the government of any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States.

(2) To sell, transfer title to, exchange, lease, lend, or otherwise dispose of, to any such government any defense article, but no defense article not manufactured or procured under paragraph (1) shall in any way be disposed of under this paragraph, except after consultation with the Chief of Staff of the Army or the Chief of Naval Operations of the Navy, or both. The value of defense articles disposed of in any way under authority of this paragraph, and procured from funds heretofore appropriated, shall not exceed $1,300,000,000. The value of such defense articles shall be determined by the head of the department or agency concerned or such other department, agency or officer as shall be designated in the manner provided in the rules and regulations issued hereunder. Defense articles procured from funds hereafter appropriated to any department or agency of the Government, other than from funds authorized to be appropriated under sections 411-419 of this title, shall not be disposed of in any way under authority of this paragraph except to the extent hereafter authorized by the Congress in the Acts appropriating such funds or otherwise.

(3) To test, inspect, prove, repair, outfit, recondition, or otherwise to place in good working order, to the extent to which funds are made available therefor, or contracts are authorized from time to time by the Congress, or both, any defense article for any such government, or to procure any or all such services by private contract.

(4) To communicate to any such government any defense information, pertaining to any defense article furnished to such government under paragraph (2) of this subsection.

(5) To release for export any defense article disposed of in any way under this subsection to any such government.

(b) The terms and conditions upon which any such foreign government receives any aid authorized under subsection (a) shall be those which the President deems satisfactory, and the benefit to the United States may be payment or repayment in kind or property, or any other direct or indirect benefit which the President deems satisfactory: Provided, however, That nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to authorize the President to assume or incur any obligations on the part of the United States with respect to post-war economic policy, post-war military policy or any post-war policy involving international relations except in accordance with established constitutional procedure.

(c) After June 30, 1946, or after the passage of a concurrent resolution by the two Houses before June 30, 1946, which declares that the powers conferred by or pursuant to subsection (a) are no longer necessary to promote the defense of the United States, neither the President nor the head of any department or agency shall exercise any of the powers conferred by or pursuant to subsection (a); except that until July 1, 1949, any of such powers may be exercised to the extent necessary to carry out a contract or agreement with such a foreign government made before July 1, 1946, or before the passage of such concurrent resolution, whichever is the earlier; Provided, however, That nothing in this subsection shall be construed to authorize the President to enter into or carry out any contract or agreement with a foreign government for postwar relief, postwar rehabilitation or postwar reconstruction; except that a contract or agreement entered into in accordance with sections 411-419 of this title in which the United States undertakes to furnish to a foreign government defense articles, services, or information for use in the prosecution of the present war and which provides for the disposition, on terms and conditions of sale prescribed by the President, of any such defense articles, services, or information after the President determines they are no longer necessary for use by such government in promoting the defense of the United States shall not be deemed to be for postwar relief, postwar rehabilitation or postwar reconstruction.

(d) Nothing in sections 411-419 of this title shall be construed to authorize or to permit the authorization of convoying vessels by naval vessels of the United States.

(e) Nothing in sections 411-419 of this title shall be construed to authorize or to permit the authorization of the entry of any American vessel into a combat area in violation of section 443 of this title. (Mar. 11, 1941, ch. 11, § 3, 55 Stat. 31, as amended Mar. 11, 1943, ch. 15, 57 Stat. 20; May 17, 1944, ch. 198, §§ 1, 2, 58 Stat. 222, 223; Apr. 16, 1945, ch. 61, §§ 1, 2, 59 Stat. 52.)

AMENDMENTS

1945-Subsec. (c) amended by act Apr. 16, 1945, cited to text, which substituted "June 30, 1946," for "June 30, 1945," wherever appearing, "July 1, 1949," for "July 1, 1948," "July 1, 1946" for "July 1, 1945," and added proviso.

§ 415. Same; appropriations; disposition of repayments.

AMENDMENTS

1945-Subsec. (b) amended by act Apr. 16, 1945, cited to text, which substituted "June 30, 1949" for "June 30, 1948."

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