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the TVA medical service program, and advises offices and divisions concerning accident prevention and hazard control techniques and principles. Office of the manager

The Manager of Health and Environmental Science guides and coordinates the work of the office which includes the Division of Environmental Research and Development, the Safety Staff, and the Division of Medical Services. He is assisted by the heads of these organizations and by the Administrative Officer.

The Administrative Officer assists the manager in coordinating personnel, training, budgeting, and other similar administrative matters; and coordinates information, reporting, and record services for the office.


The Safety Staff develops and recommends policies and plans for the prevention of accidents and control of hazards to persons and property in TVA's work. It provides advice and technical assistance to offices and divisions in their planning, development, and application of measures for the prevention and control of hazards for their operations. It recommends standards, devices, and techniques for hazard control. It reviews hazard control plans, monitors performance, appraises the effectiveness of TVA's safety activities, and recommends corrective action as necessary.

The staff provides safety services directly to certain TVA organizations. It collaborates with the Director of Medical Services, the Industrial and Radiological Hygiene Branch, and the Special Health Services Staff in planning and obtaining application of measures to prevent and control occupational disease and disability and is applying human factors engineering. It plans and develops cooperative relations with other agencies, services, and organizations concerned with safety. It maintains liaison with the U.S. Department of Labor on matters related to Federal Safety Standards.

DIVISION OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT The Division of Environnmental Research and Development develops, recommends, and carries out plans, policies, and programs pertaining to TVA's interests in the conservation of environmental resources of the region. It makes regional environmental quality studies and conducts approved environmental research and development activities. It provides technical guidance and assistance to other divisions and represents TVA with other governmental agencies with regard to environmental quality controls for TVA installations. It develops and administers relationships with other agencies in environmental science studies and demonstrations. Office of the Director

The division is under the supervision of the Director of Environmental Research and Development. The director is assisted by the Assistant to the Director (Administrative), Assistant to the Director (Program), the chiefs of the several branches of the division, the Research and Special rojects Staff, the Personnel Officer, and the Supervisor, Management Services.

Management Services, under the direction of the Supervisor, Management Services, coordinates divisional planning, programming, and budgeting and prepares and maintains budget documents for the division. It maintains budgetary control over division expenditures. It assists divisional management personnel n formulating general budget plans, program analysis, and administration of contracts in support of cooperative research projects and contracts for trial of equipment. It prepares fiscal reports and serves as liaison with TVA's Budget Staff, offices and divisions, and with outside agencies on division budgetary matters. It assists the director and the several organization units in formulation, coordination, and administration of divisional management services. It prepares administrative and special reports, develops informational and documentary materials, and receives and routes visitors.

The personel officer assists the Director of Environmental Research and Development in administering an effective and efficient personnel program. He coordinates personnel activities within the division and represents the division in activities with other offices and divisions.

The Research and Special Projects Staff coordinates research activities for the division, keeps informed of new developments and improvements in methods and facilities relevant to the broad field of environmental science, recommends research projects which offer promise of yielding benefits to the TVA environmental research and development program, and formulates and recommends policies to encourage and facilitate environmental research activities. It serves as the principal point of contact in the division on research activities and represents the division in relationships with other TVA divisions, with contractors for research activities, and with other public agencies, manufacturers, and institutions engaged in cooperative research projects with TVA or conducting rleated research. It handles special assignments requiring coordination of the total program interests of the division with program interests of TVA organizations and with related program interests of Federal, state, and local agencies. Industrial and Radiological Hygiene Branch

The Industrial and Radiological Hygiene Branch appraises and reports on potentially harmful factors in the work environment-radiation, fumes, gases, dusts, and other toxic agents as well as seeing conditions, noise, heat, ventilation, and air conditioning—all in relation to identified and approved standards. It recommends controls for hazards discovered and evaluates effectiveness of controls applied.

It provides specialized laboratory services in support of industrial hygiene and radiation protection activities. It is responsible for developing and applying the engineering and health physics aspects of radiological health services required in the planning or operation of facilities by TVA, It collaborates with the Safety Staff, the Special Health Services Staff, and the Chiefs, Area Medical Services, as necessary to ensure coordination of work. Environmental Biology Branch

The Environmental Biology Branch plans and conducts biological studies and investigations as required to support vector control, aquatic plant control, air quality control, and water quality management programs of the division.

It plans, directs, and conducts biological and ecological studies and investigations including (a) entomological research and investigations related to the vector control program; (b) the botanical phases of aquatic plant studies and control; (c) investigations of aquatic plants affecting mosquito production and control; (d) studies to evaluate and monitor the effects of industrial, domestic, and agricultural wastes disposal on the biological productivity of receiving waters; (e) studies of changes in biological populations in streams and reservoirs related to pollution and other environmental stress factors; (f) studies of ecological relationships and their application in programs designed for water resource management; and (g) studies of effects of air emissions on vegetation.

It provides specialized laboratory services and resources in support of its botanical, entomological, limnological, and ecological activities. It collaborates with and provides technical assistance to the Environmental Engineering Branch, the Air Quality Branch, and the Water Quality Branch as necessary to ensure coordination of work and to provide necessary program support. Environmental Engineering Branch

The Environmental Engineering Branch plans TVA's vector control and aquatic plant control programs, provides technical supervision for and coordinates operational aspects of the programs, and evaluates their effectiveness.

It plans and carries out engineering investigations of reservoir environmental factors to identify their role in the propagation of disease vectors and their relationship to optimum utilization of TVA reservoirs. It develops special equipment and techniques for controlling disease vectors and obnoxious aquatic plants.

It provides advisory service and recommends approval for the sanitation aspects of planning and design of sanitary facilities at TVA installations.

It provides field public health engineering services to TVA organizations or concessions operating water supply and sewage disposal systems, recreation facilities, food-handling establishments, and housing.

It provides technical assistance in the administration of TVA landrights related to vector control and sanitation interests.

It mantains cooperative relationships with local, state, and Federal agencies concerned with vector control, aquatic weed control, and environmental sanitation.

Air Quality Branch

The Air Quality Branch coordinates TVA's air quality management plans and activities, advises on plans for air quality controls at all TVA installations, evaluates air quality features of proposed new projects, and reports on air quality management activities and progress. It carries out regular or special atmospheric surveillance activities which may include establishment of air and meteorological monitoring systems, data analyses, and appraisals. It investigates or assists in investigating complaints and incidents related to atmospheric conditions and, as appropriate, recommends corrective or preventive action. It maintains cooperative relationships and exchanges information with official local, state, and Federal agencies. It participates in negotiations with prospective industries with regard to plant locations in the Valley involving TVA land or landrights; provides technical assistance in the administration of TVA landrights related to air quality interests ; advises as to air quality control requirements; and reviews final plans for approval by TVA. It identifies the need for, plans, and directs research and demonstration projects to broaden the field of air quality knowledge and to develop new or improved methods or processes for control of atmospheric waste emissions. It operates and maintains a labororatory in support of air quality management activities. Water Quality Branch

The Water Quality Branch plans and recommends, coordinates, and conducts studies and field investigations to identify and evaluate the interdependence of water resource development and water quality, including the relationship of water quality to health interests and the role of water quality in dereloping the resources of the Tennessee Valley to serve the widest possible range of human needs. It seeks to maintain accurate information on water quality in the Valley and on waste assimilative capacity of streams. It maintains cooperative relationships with state and Federal water pollution control agencies; and it makes current information available to Federal, state, and local agencies, to institutions, and to groups concerned with industrial, community, and regional development. It participates in negotiations with prospective industries with regard to plant locations in the Valley involving TVA lands or landrights, advises as to waste treatment requirements, and reviews final plans for approval by TVA. It assists other TVA organizations in planning, designing, and operating industrial waste treatment and disposal facilities. It provides technical assistance in the administration of TVA landrights related to water quality interests. It reviews and assesses benefits of water quality control features in plans for regional water-use facilities. It operates a laboratory for essential bacteriological, biochemical, chemical, and radiological analyses.


The Division of Medical Services develops, recommends, and carries out an occupational health program for all TVA employees. It participates in medical research and development activities, demonstrations, and other cooperative health programs with Federal, state, and local agencies and institutions. It maintains liaison with the Bureau of Employees' Compensation, U.S. Department of Labor, to provide or assure TVA employees the benefits of the U.S. Employees' Compensation Act. Office of the Director

The division is under the supervision of the Director of Medical Services. The director is assisted by the Assistant to the Director (Management Services) ; the chiefs of the several medical service areas; the Chief, Special Health Services Staff : the Chief, Medical Systems Development Staff ; the Chief, Dental and Health Education Staff; and the Nurse (Supervisor of Nursing). He is also assisted by the several medical and surgical consultants who provide specialized advice and services to TVA's medical program through contractual arrangements.

Management Services under the direction of the Assistant to the Director provides management and administrative services for the division including personnel administration ; budgeting services ; data processing and analysis ; reports, contracts, and information services; Bureau of Employees' Compensation activities; and other general administrative services.

Dental and Health Education Staff

The Dental and Health Education Staff makes studies of the dental status of TVA employees, determines priorities, and makes recommendations to the Director of Medical Services for programs to improve the level of employee dental health. It provides technical consultation to the dental program at the National Fertilizer Development Center.

It plans, promotes, and carries out health education programs and activities to improve employee health and well-being and supervises cooperative demonstrations with official health agencies in community health education and health planning. It advises the Director of Medical Services and other offices and divitions on the implementation and effectiveness of employee physical fitness programs. Special Health Services Staff

The Special Health Services Staff recommends practices, standards, and techniques in matters such as medical services, first aid, and personal protective equipment to promote and maintain employee health in the work environment and to prevent the occurrence or aggravation of occupational disability. It identifies threshold limits to serve as guides in promoting hygiene of the work environment and determines and advises on the relative toxicity of material used or encountered at work. It provides consultation and technical services in establishing and maintaining laboratory aids for medical service and in interpreting results. It operates and maintains a central medical laboratory which provides laboratory services for the medical service program. It provides technical services and facilities for community health demonstration activities. Medical Systems Development Staff

The Medical Systems Development Staff carries out medical research and development activities for the purpose of advancing and improving TVA med. ical systems and services. It develops systems for applying new medical technology to TVA's medical service program such as a medical information system, computer electrocardiogram applications, computer pulmonary function evaluation, closed-circuit television use, improved mobile medical facilities, special examination procedures, emergency medical transportation equipment and techniques, and other special developmental projects. Area Medical Services

Employee medical services are organized and applied in defined geographic areas, each under the supervision of a Chief, Area Medical Services, who establishes project offices or health stations or makes other arrangements in locations where establishment of TVA facilities is not feasible. The Chief, Area Medical Services, collaborates with the Chiefs of the Safety Staff, the Special Health Services Staff, and the Industrial and Radiological Hygiene Branch as necessary to ensure coordination of work.

Each Chief, Area Medical Services, reports to the Director of Medical Services, and provides employee medical services and area demonstrations in accordance with approved policies, standards, and techniques.

Health stations, each operated by a resident full-time nurse and under the general supervision of a Chief, Area Medical Services, provide health services at completed major steam plants.



Washington, D.C., June 14, 1971. Hon. EDMUND S. MUSKIE, Chairman, Subcommittee on Air and Water Pollution, Committee on Public

Works, U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C. DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: Information on the Department of Transportation's research programs in environmental science and technology has been assembled in response to your May 14th request.

The social and environmental aspects of our national transportation research and development program are under the overall management of the Office of the Secretary. Environmental research, development, and demonstration programs oriented toward their respect modal responsibilities are conducted by the Coast Guard, the Federal Highway Administration, the Urban Mass Transportation Administration and the Federal Aviation Administration. Environmental research of intermodal significance is carried out as a Departmental program through the Offices of the Assistant Secretary for Systems Development and Technology and the Assistant Secretary for Environment and Urban Systems,

Detailed accounts for the foregoing are enclosed. I am pleased to report that we are increasing our emphasis on recognition of environmental factors in the comprehensive transportation planning process. For this reason our professional staff coordinate closely with the Environmental Protection Agency, to identify significant findings in environmental science and technology which may be applicable to transportation planning and technology. They also review areas of environmental research specifically relevant to transportation systems development, and look for gaps which need to be filled. Our current environmental research and development programs and long range plans are designed to fill these needs.

I trust the information presented in the enclosed statements will be useful for inclusion in the Subcommittee's Hearing Record. Sincerely



The following detailed accounts of the Environmental Research Program for the Office of the Secretary and each modal administration are numbered in accordance to the eight questions addressed in your letter of May 14.

The eight questions to which this response is addressed are:

1. What is the organizational structure of your environmental research program? How many separate laboratories or installations in your agency are engaged in this research? What is the size and composition of the staff of each?

2. What are the fields of specialization of the scientific investigators in your laboratories? What advanced degrees do they hold?

3. What is your present level of funding for environmental research? What is your present level of authorization for environmental research? For how many years?

4. What kinds of problems are you addressing under the category "environmental” research? What proportion of this work would you consider “basic" re. search, defined as research producing fundamental, theoretical knowledge which was not sought for immediate problem-solving purposes? What proportion is devoted to technology development? To technology assessment?

5. List your current research projects on ecosystem structure and function,

if any.

6. How much of your environmental research is conducted at your own facilities? How much is done by contract to other institutions? Please indicate the proportion of contract work assigned to each of various types of institutions (university, independent research firm, industry, etc.)

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