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(4) in the construction or renovation of buildings, the cost of energy consumed over the life of such buildings must be considered as well as the initial cost of such construction or renovation; and
(5) the Federal Government, the largest energy consumer in the United States, should be in the forefront in implementing energy conservation measures and in promoting the use of solar heating and cooling and other renewable energy sources. [42 U.S.C. 8251]
SEC. 542. POLICY.
It is the policy of the United States that the Federal Government has the opportunity and responsibility, with the participation of industry, to further develop, demonstrate, and promote the use of energy conservation, solar heating and cooling, and other renewable energy sources in Federal buildings.
[42 U.S.C. 8252]
SEC. 543. PURPOSE.
It is the purpose of this part to promote
(1) the use of commonly accepted methods to establish and compare the life cycle costs of operating Federal buildings, and the life cycle fuel and energy requirements of such buildings, with and without special features for energy conservation, and (2) the use of solar heating and cooling and other renewable energy sources in Federal buildings.
[42 U.S.C. 8253]
SEC. 544. DEFINITIONS.
For purposes of this part
(1) The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Energy. (2) The term "life cycle cost" means the total costs of owning, operating, and maintaining a building over its useful life, including its fuel and energy costs, determined on the basis of a systematic evaluation and comparison of alternative building systems; except that in the case of leased buildings, the life cycle cost shall be calculated over the effective remaining term of the lease.
(3) The term "preliminary energy audit" means a determination of the energy consumption characteristics of an existing Federal building, including the size, type, rate of energy consumption and major energy using systems of such building and the climate characterizing the region where such building is located.
(4) The term "energy survey" means a procedure to be used in determining energy conservation and cost savings likely to result from appropriate energy conserving maintenance and operating procedures and modifications, including the purchase and installation of particular energy-related fixtures to a Federal building.
(5) The term "Federal Building" means any building, structure, or facility which is constructed, renovated or leased or purchased in whole or in part for use by the United States, and which includes a heating system, a cooling system, or both.
(6) The term "construction" means construction and substantial reconstruction or renovation, as determined under rules prescribed by the Secretary.
(7) The term "energy performance target" means a rate of energy consumption which is the minimum practically achievable, taking into account life cycle cost, by adjusting maintenance and operating procedures, or by modifying a Federal building's equipment or structure, or both.
[42 U.S.C. 8254]
SEC. 545. ESTABLISHMENT AND USE OF LIFE CYCLE COST METHODS. (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF LIFE CYCLE COST METHODS.-The Secretary, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Director of the National Bureau of Standards, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration, shall—
(1) establish practical and effective methods for estimating and comparing life cycle costs for Federal buildings; and
(2) develop and prescribe the procedures to be followed in applying and implementing the methods so established and in conducting preliminary energy audits required by section 547, using the sum of all capital and operating expenses associated with the energy system of the building involved over the expected life of such system or during a period of 25 years, whichever is shorter, and using marginal fuel costs as determined by the Secretary and a discount rate of 7 per centum per year.
(b) USE OF LIFE CYCLE COSTS.-All new Federal buildings shall be life cycle cost effective as determined in accordance with the methods established under subsection (a). In the design of new Federal buildings, cost evaluation shall be made on the basis of life cycle cost rather than initial cost.
(c) USE IN NON-FEDERAL STRUCTURES.-The Secretary shall make available to the public information on the use of life cycle cost methods in the construction of buildings, structures, and facilities in all segments of the economy.
[42 U.S.C. 8255]
SEC. 546. ENERGY PERFORMANCE TARGETS FOR FEDERAL BUILDINGS.
The Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator of the General Services Administration, the Director of the National Bureau of Standards, and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, shall establish and publish energy performance targets for Federal buildings, and shall take such actions as may be necessary or appropriate to promote to the maximum extent practicable achievement of such targets by Federal buildings. The performance targets established under the preceding sentence shall be compatible with energy conservation performance standards adopted or developed by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development for buildings.
[42 U.S.C. 8256]
SEC. 547. ENERGY AUDITS AND RETROFITTING OF EXISTING FEDERAL
(a) AUDITS OF BUILDINGS WITH 30,000 Or More Square FEET.-AS soon as possible after the date of the enactment of this part, each
Federal agency shall conduct, to the maximum extent feasible, a preliminary energy audit, of all Federal buildings under its jurisdiction, occupancy, or control which contain 30,000 or more square feet of floor space, and shall furnish the results of such audit to the Secretary. The Secretary shall submit to the Congress a full report on all preliminary energy audits conducted under this subsection no later than August 15, 1979.
(b) AUDITS OF FEDERAL BUILDINGS WITH 1,000 OR MORE BUT LESS THAN 30,000 SQUARE FEET.-As soon as possible after the completion of the preliminary energy audits required under subsection (a) (and concurrently with such audits to the maximum extent feasible in the case of any agency), each Federal agency shall conduct a preliminary energy audit of all Federal buildings under its jurisdiction, occupancy, or control which contain 1,000 or more but less than 30,000 square feet of floor space, and shall furnish the results of such audit to the Secretary. The Secretary shall submit to the Congress a full report on all preliminary energy audits conducted under this subsection no later than August 15, 1980.
(c) RETROFIT OF FEDERAL BUILDINGS.-(1) Each Federal agency shall, in accordance with this subsection, select from each preliminary energy audit conducted by such agency under subsections (a) and (b) appropriate Federal buildings under its jurisdiction, occupancy, or control for retrofit measures to improve their energy efficiency in general and to minimize their life cycle cost. Such measures shall include, without being limited to, energy conservation measures, measures involving solar technology and other renewable energy resources, and any maintenance and operating procedures and particular energy-related modifications determined appropriate by an energy survey. In selecting the measures to be applied, Federal agencies shall give priority to changes in maintenance and operating procedures over measures requiring substantial structural modification or the installation of equipment.
(2) At least 1 percent of the total gross square floor footage contained in all Federal buildings which are under the jurisdiction, occupancy, or control of Federal agencies, and which are included in a preliminary energy audit conducted by such agencies under subsections (a) and (b) shall be retrofitted by such agencies under paragraph (1) pursuant to actions taken or arrangements made by such agencies during the first full fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this part; and an additional percentage of such total gross square footage equal to at least 1 percentage point higher than the percentage applicable under this paragraph in the preceding year shall be so retrofitted pursuant to actions taken or arrangements made during the second and third such fiscal years, with a view to achieving full compliance with paragraph (3) by the time specified therein.
(3) on or before January 1, 1990, all Federal buildings which are under the jurisdiction, occupancy, or control of any Federal agency shall be the subject of such retrofit measures under paragraph (1) as will assure their minimum life cycle costs.
[42 U.S.C. 8257]
SEC. 548. LEASED FEDERAL BUILDINGS.
In leasing buildings for its own use or that of another Federal agency, each Federal agency shall give appropriate preference to buildings which use solar heating and cooling equipment or other renewable energy sources or which otherwise minimize life cycle
[42 U.S.C. 8258]
SEC. 549. BUDGET TREATMENT OF ENERGY CONSERVING IMPROVEMENTS BY FEDERAL AGENCIES.
Each Federal agency, in the preparation and submission of its requests to the Congress for appropriations, and authorizations for appropriations, for any fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, shall specifically set forth and identify in a separate line item or items
(1) the funds requested for retrofit measures to be undertaken under this part; and
(2) the portion of any other funds requested which represent to the maximum extent practicable the initial costs of construction or renovation attributable to capital equipment for energy conservation or the utilization of solar energy and other renewable energy sources.
[42 U.S.C. 8259]
SEC. 550. REPORTS.
Each Federal agency shall periodically furnish the Secretary with full and complete information on its activities under this part, and the Secretary shall annually submit to the Congress a comprehensive report on all activities under this part and on the progress made toward achievement of the objectives of this part.
[42 U.S.C. 8260]
SEC. 551. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary not to exceed $2,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979, to enable him to perform the analytical and administrative functions vested in him under this part.
[42 U.S.C. 8261]
PART 4-FEDERAL PHOTOVOLTAIC UTILIZATION
SEC. 561. SHORT TITLE OF PART.
This part may be cited as the "Federal Photovoltaic Utilization Act".
[42 U.S.C. 8201 note]
SEC. 562. DEFINITIONS.
For purposes of this part
(1) The term "Federal facility" means any building, structure, or fixture or part thereof which is owned by the United States or any Federal agency or which is held by the United States or any Federal agency under a lease-acquisition agreement under which the United States or a Federal agency will receive fee simple title under the terms of such agreement without further negotiation. Such term also applies to facilities related to programs administered by Federal agencies.
(2) The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Energy. [42 U.S.C. 8271]
SEC. 563. PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY PROGRAM.
There is hereby established a photovoltaic energy commercialization program for the accelerated procurement and installation of photovoltaic solar electric systems for electric production in Federal facilities.
[42 U.S.C. 8272]
SEC. 564. PURPOSE OF PROGRAM.
The purpose of the program established by section 563 is to
(1) accelerate the growth of a commercially viable and competitive industry to make photovoltaic solar electric systems available to the general public as an option in order to reduce national consumption of fossil fuel;
(2) reduce fossil fuel costs to the Federal Government;
(3) stimulate the general use within the Federal Government of methods for the minimization of life cycle costs; and
(4) develop performance data on the program established by section 563.
[42 U.S.C. 8273]
SEC. 565. ACQUISITION OF SYSTEMS.
The program established by section 563 shall provide for the acquisition of photovoltaic solar electric systems and associated storage capability by the Secretary for their use by Federal agencies, and for the acquisition of such systems and associated capability by Federal agencies for their own use in cases where the authority to make such acquisition has been delegated to the agency involved by the Secretary. The acquisition of photovoltaic solar electric systems shall be at an annual level substantial enough to allow use of low-cost production techniques by suppliers of such systems. The Secretary (or other Federal agency acting under delegation from the Secretary) is authorized to make such acquisitions through the use of multiyear contracts. Authority under this part to enter into acquisition contracts shall be only to the extent as may be provided in advance in appropriation Acts.
[42 U.S.C. 8274]
SEC. 566. ADMINISTRATION.
The Secretary shall administer the program established under section 563 and shall
(1) consult with the Secretary of Defense to insure that the installation and purchase of photovoltaic solar electric systems pursuant to this part shall not interfere with defense-related activities;
(2) prescribe such requirements as may be appropriate to monitor and assess the performance and operation of photovoltaic electric systems installed pursuant to this part; and
(3) report annually to the Congress on the status of the program. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall not be subject to the requirements of section 553 of title 5, United States Code, in the performance of his functions under this part.
[42 U.S.C. 8275]