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AUTOMOBILE FUEL EFFICIENCY
[Title V of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act, Public Law 92-513]
AUTOMOBILE FUEL EFFICIENCY
TITLE V-IMPROVING AUTOMOTIVE EFFICIENCY
SEC. 501. For purposes of this part:
(1) The term "automobile" means any 4-wheeled vehicle propelled by fuel which is manufactured primarily for use on public streets, roads, and highways (except any vehicle operated exclusively on a rail or rails), and
(A) which is rated at 6,000 lbs. gross vehicle weight or less, or
(i) is rated at more than 6,000 lbs. gross vehicle weight but less than 10,000 lbs. gross vehicle weight,
(ii) is a type of vehicle for which the Secretary determines, by rule, average fuel economy standards under this part are feasible, and
(iii) is a type of vehicle for which the Secretary determines, by rule, average fuel economy standards will result in significant energy conservation, or is a type of vehicle which the Secretary determines is substantially used for the same purposes as vehicles described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph.
The Secretary may prescribe such rules as may be necessary to implement this paragraph.
(2) The term "passenger automobile" means any automobile (other than an automobile capable of off-highway operation) which the Secretary determines by rules is manufactured primarily for use in the transportation of not more than 10 individuals.
(3) The term "automobile capable of off-highway operation" means any automobile which the Secretary determines by rule
(A) has a significant feature (other than 4-wheel drive) which is designed to equip such automobile for off-highway operation, and
(i) is a 4-wheel drive automobile, or
(ii) is rated at more than 6,000 pounds gross vehicle
(4) The term "average fuel economy" means average fuel economy, as determined under section 503.
(5) The term "fuel" means gasoline and diesel oil. The Secretary may, by rule, include any other liquid fuel or any gaseous fuel within the meaning of the term "fuel" if he determines
that such inclusion is consistent with the need of the Nation to conserve energy.
(6) The term "fuel economy" means the average number of miles traveled by an automobile per gallon of gasoline (or equivalent amount of other fuel) consumed, as determined by the EPA Administrator in accordance with procedures established under section 503(d).
(7) the term "average fuel economy standard" means a performance standard which specifies a minimum level of average fuel economy which is applicable to a manufacturer in a model year.
(8) The term "manufacturer" means any person engaged in the business of manufacturing automobiles. The Secretary shall prescribe rules for determining, in cases where more than one person is the manufacturer of an automobile, which person is to be treated as the manufacturer of such automobile for purposes of this part. Such term also includes any predecessor or successor of such a manufacturer to the extent provided under rules which the Secretary shall prescribe.
(9) The term "manufacture" (except for purposes of section 502(c)) means to produce or assemble in the customs territory of the United States, or to import.
(10) The term "import" means to import into the customs territory of the United States.
(11) The term "model type" means a particular class of automobile as determined, by rule, by the EPA Administrator, after consultation and coordination with the Secretary.
(12) The term "model year", with reference to any specific calendar year, means a manufacturer's annual production period (as determined by the EPA Administrator) which includes January 1 of such calendar year. If a manufacturer has no annual production period, the term "model year" means the calendar year.
(13) The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Transportation.
(14) The term "EPA Administrator" means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
[15 U.S.C. 2001]
AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO EACH
SEC. 502. (a)(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (4) or in subsection (c) or (d), the average fuel economy for passenger automobiles manufactured by any manufacturer in any model year after model year 1977 shall not be less than the number of miles per gallon established for such model year under the following table:
Model year: 1978.
Average fuel economy standard
[In miles per gallon]
1985 and thereafter
(2) Not later than January 15 of each year, beginning in 1977, the Secretary shall transmit to each House of Congress, and publish in the Federal Register, a review of average fuel economy standards under this part. The review required to be transmitted not later than January 15, 1979, shall include a comprehensive analysis of the program required by this part. Such analysis shall include an assessment of the ability of manufacturers to meet the average fuel economy standard for model year 1985 as specified in paragraph 1 of this subsection, and any legislative recommendations the Secretary or the EPA Administrator may have for improving the program required by this part.
(3) Not later than July 1, 1977, the Secretary shall prescribe, by rule, average fuel economy standards for passenger automobiles manufactured in each of the model years 1981 through 1984. Any such standard shall apply to each manufacturer (except as provided in subsection (c)), and shall be set for each such model year at a level which the Secretary determines (A) is the maximum feasible average fuel economy level, and (B) will result in steady progress toward meeting the average fuel economy standard established by or pursuant to this subsection for model year 1985.
(4) The Secretary may, by rule, amend the average fuel economy standard specified in paragraph (1) for model year 1985, or for any subsequent model year, to a level which he determines is the maximum feasible average fuel economy level for such model year, except that any amendment which has the effect of increasing an average fuel economy standard to a level in excess of 27.5 miles per gallon, or of decreasing any such standard to a level below 26.0 miles per gallon, shall be submitted to the Congress in accordance with section 551 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, and shall not take effect if either House of the Congress disapproves such amendment in accordance with the procedures specified in such section.
Determined by Secretary under para-
(5) For purposes of considering any modification which is submitted to the Congress under paragraph (4), the 5 calendar days specified in section 551(f)(4)(A) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act shall be lengthened to 20 calendar days, and the 15 calendar days specified in section 551 (c) and (d) of such Act shall be lengthened to 60 calendar days.
(b) The Secretary shall, by rule, prescribe average fuel economy standards for automobiles which are not passenger automobiles and which are manufactured by any manufacturer in each model year which begins more than 30 months after the date of enactment of this title. Such rules may provide for separate standards for different classes of such automobiles (as determined by the Sec