Down to Earth: Agriculture and Poverty Reduction in Africa
World Bank Publications, 2007 - 105 pages
This book contributes to the debate about the role of agriculture in poverty reduction by addressing three sets of questions: Does investing in agriculture enhance/harm overall economic growth, and if so, under what conditions? Do poor people tend to participate more/less in growth in agriculture than in growth in other sectors, and if so, when? If a focus on agriculture would tend to yield larger participation by the poor, but slower overall growth, which strategy would tend to have the largest payoff in terms of poverty reduction, and under which conditions?
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access to credit agricul agricultural and nonagricultural agricultural GDP agricultural growth agricultural productivity Agriculture in Poverty Christiaensen 2006 coefficients computable general equilibrium consumption cross-country East Asia economy effect of agricultural effect of growth elasticity of poverty empirical estimated Ethiopia factors farm farmers fertilizer food buyer food prices gain GDP elasticity GDP growth GDP/cap growth growth effect growth in agriculture growth rates headcount poverty hectare household survey impact income quintile increase in agricultural inefficiency irrigation Kenya Kilimanjaro kilograms labor Latin America low-income countries Madagascar maize Mistiaen modern inputs nonagricultural growth nonagricultural sectors Nyoro output overall p-value Coeff panel participation effect percent percentage points poor poverty gap poverty line poverty line/average income poverty reduction productivity growth quintile ratio reducing poverty Role of Agriculture rural households Ruvuma region sample Sarris Savastano smallholder South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa substantial Tanzania total factor productivity World Bank 2005b π π
Page 68 - Africa shows that adding $US1.00 of new farm income potentially increases total income in the local economy — beyond the initial...
Page 48 - Europe and Central Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa, North America, South Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Page 68 - Kelly concluded that the farm sector in Africa is better able to propagate income growth than previously thought...