The Feres Doctrine: An Examination of this Military Exception to the Federal Tort Claims Act : Hearing Before the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session, October 8, 2002
U.S. Government Printing Office, 2003 - 133 pages
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abuses accountability action active additional allow American appears apply argument arising armed forces Army barred believe benefits cause civil civilian combat command Committee compensation concern Congress Constitution continue course death decision Department duty effect employees example exception existing fact Federal Tort Claims Feres doctrine Fidell FTCA further Government HARRIS hearing important incident individual injuries involved issue Judge Justice Kerry killed kind lawsuits Leahy legislation liability limited litigation matter military members military personnel Naval Navy negligence O'Neill officer operational order and discipline organization present proposed Protection question rationale readiness reasons received recognized record remedy result Senator SPECTER service members serving situation Smith soldier sovereign immunity specific Sprague statement suit Supreme Court testimony Thank Tort Claims Act uniform unit cohesion United VERPA Veterans wrong
Page 12 - Government shall not be liable for any claim based upon the exercise or performance or the failure to exercise or perform a discretionary function or duty on the part of a Federal agency or an employee of the Government in carrying out the provisions of this section.
Page 34 - The justification for doing so is that it is impossible to know whether the claim is well founded until the case has been tried, and that to submit all officials, the innocent as well as the guilty, to the burden of a trial and to the inevitable danger of its outcome would dampen the ardor of all but the most resolute, or the most irresponsible, in the unflinching discharge of their duties.
Page 48 - The Secretary of a military department, under procedures established by him and approved by the Secretary of Defense, and acting through boards of civilians of the executive part of that military department, may correct any military record of that department when he considers It necessary to correct an error or remove an Injustice.
Page 80 - US at 141, and concluded: . . . that the Government is not liable under the Federal Tort Claims Act for injuries to servicemen where the injuries arise out of or are in the course of activity incident to service.
Page 67 - The peculiar and special relationship of the soldier to his superiors, the effects of the maintenance of such suits on discipline, and the extreme results that might obtain if suits under the Tort Claims Act were allowed for negligent orders given or negligent acts committed in the course of military duty, led the Court to read that Act as excluding claims of that character.
Page 50 - The United States shall be liable ... in the same manner and to the same extent as a private individual under like circumstances . . . .
Page 39 - Yours is the profession of arms, the will to win, the sure knowledge that in war there is no substitute for victory, that if you lose, the Nation will be destroyed, that the very obsession of your public service must be duty, honor, country.
Page 76 - There are few guiding materials for our task of statutory construction. No committee reports or floor debates disclose what effect the statute was designed to have on the problem before us, or that it even was in mind. Under these circumstances, no conclusion can be above challenge, but if we misinterpret the Act, at least Congress possesses a ready remedy. We do not overlook considerations persuasive of liability in these cases. The Act does confer district court jurisdiction generally over claims...
Page 27 - ... (8) Military life is fundamentally different from civilian life in that— (A) the extraordinary responsibilities of the armed forces, the unique conditions of military service, and the critical role of unit cohesion, require that the military community, while subject to civilian control, exist as a specialized society; and (B) the military society is characterized by its own laws, rules, customs, and traditions, including numerous restrictions on personal behavior, that would not be acceptable...
Page 8 - Brooks' relationship while on leave was not analogous to that of a soldier injured while performing duties under orders. We conclude that the Government is not liable under the Federal Tort Claims Act for injuries to servicemen where the injuries arise out of or are in the course of activity incident to service.