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present time the Public Health Service had neither the funds nor the staff for such a study, but that he was hopeful that such an undertaking could be arranged during the next fiscal year (i.e., fiscal year 1965).
In keeping with the nature of the source book series, the source book would be expected to provide information on the numbers of optometrists; their location; personal characteristics such as age, sex, and years of work experience; type of employment; earnings; educational status of present personnel; enrollment and capacity of schools; and current and future supply of optometrists in relation to other health workers.
You will be interested in knowing that information on optometrists has been included in several of the sections of the source books. Information on optometrists available from the 1950 Census of Population was included in sections 4 and 5 of the source books; from the 1960 Census of Population, in section 17 (enclosed). The 1960 data are presented in two tables (on pp. 42 and 43 of sec. 17) which cover such items as numbers in the experienced civilian labor force and employed, sex, urban and rural residence, and ratio to population by State.
Dr. Peterson advises me that he is forwarding the other materials the subcommittee requested for the record under separate cover. Should there be a further question please let me know. Sincerely yours,
Dr. LUTHER L. TERRY, Surgeon General.
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE,
PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE,
Washington, D.C., July 7, 1964. Memorandum to: Mr. James Menger, staff officer, Committee on Interstate and
Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives.
As requested in the hearings before the Subcommittee on Public Health and Safety of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce on June 22, 1964, enclosed are copies of the listings of research studies and demonstration projects being supported by the National Institutes of Health and the Bureau of State Services of the Public Health Service on problems of vision and eye diseases as they relate to the visual sciences.
Also, as requested, I am providing the name of Dr. Ralph D. Gunkel, a graduate of a school of optometry, who is presently employed within the Public Health Service at the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blindness in the Opthalmology Branch. Enclosures (4):
1. Research grants listed in visual sciences study section (from 1963 Research Grants Index).
2. Supplementary list of grants related to vision, active in 1963, but not included in (1) above.
3. BSS projects in vision and loss of vision.'
VISUAL SCIENCES AI-01931–3 Eisele, C. W., Sch. Med., U. Colorado, Denver. Toxoplasmosis in
reaction to disease of the eye. AI-02763–5 Burns, R. P., Med. Sch., U. Oregon, Portland. Study of recurrent
and potential ocular. AM–06966–2 Farkas, T. G., Sch. Med., Univ. Chicago, Illinois. Mechanism of
development of diabetic cataracts. AM–02954–5 Patterson, J. W., Sch.' Med., Vanderbilt U., Nashville, Tennessee.
Experimental cataracts. CA-06383–2 Rose, L., Presbyterian Med. Cr., San Francisco. Hematoporphyrin
in intraocular malignancy detection. CA-06481–3 Burns, R. P., Med. Sch., U. Oregon, Portland. Intraocular malig
nant melonoma of the hamster.
CA-06864-1 Baum, G., Bronx Veteran's Hosp., N.Y. Differential diagnosis by
ultrasonorgraphy. GM-09495–2 Carpenter, R. L., Tufts U., Medford, Mass. Biological effects of
microwave radiation. HE-07250–2 Aronstam, R. H., USPHS Hosp., Staten Island, N.Y. Retinal
vascular changes in essential hypertension. MH-05756—2 Wolin, L. R., Psy. Res. Fdn., Cleveland, Ohio. Visual impairment
in neuropsychiatric disorders. MH-08237-1 Beck, L. H., Ypsilanti State Hosp., Ypsilanti, Mich. Visual func
tions in the schizophrenic. NB-00043–15 Maumenee, A. E., Sch. Med., Johns Hopkins U., Baltimore. A
study of the etiology and treatment of uveitis. NB-00044–12 Hogan, M. J., Sch. Med., U. California, Berkeley. Investigations
on ocular toxoplasmosis. NB-00121–12 Ballintine, E. J., Sch. Med., Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland,
Ohio. Ciliary body metabolism. NB-00188–10 Thomas, C. I., Sch. Med., Western Reserve U., Cleveland. Radio
active isotopes in diseases of the eye. NB-00213-11 Roberts, R. W., Sch. Med., Wake Forest C., Winston-Salem.
Glaucoma study. NB-00218-11 Grant, W. M., Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston,
Mass. Pressure regulating mechanisms in glaucoma. NB-00237–11. Janes, R. G., C. Med. State U. Iowa, Iowa City. Ocular changes
in diabetes. NB-00253–1 Lowenfeld, I. E., Col. Phys. Surg., Columbia Univ., N.Y.C.
Pupillography, physiological and clinical research. NB-00294–10 Bender, M. B., Mount Sinai Hosp., N.Y.C. The oculomotor system
and body postural mechanisms. NB-00349–10 Burian, H. M., State U. Iowa, Iowa City. Electrical responses of
human visual system. NB-00471–9 Straatsma, B. R., U. California Med. Cr., Los Angeles. Types of
cautery for surgery of detached retina. NB-00568–10 Hubbard, R., Grad. Sch., Harvard U., Cambridge, Mass. Chemis
try of vision. NB-00621–9 Becker, B., Sch. Med., Washington U., St. Louis, Mo. Rate of flow
of aqueous tumor in the rabbit eye. NB-00624–10 Boynton, R. M., Col. Arts, Sc., U. Rochester, N.Y. Psychophysical
and optical studies of normal and abnormal visual function. NB-00640–9 Zacharias, L., Mass. Eye, Ear Inf., Boston. Study of mild and
severe retrolental fibroplas. NB-00786–9 Hogan, M. J., Sch. Med., U. California, San Francisco. Studies
on ocular toxoplasmosis. NB-00810–8 Sloan, L. L., Sch. Med., Johns Hopkins U., Baltimore. Optical aids
for subnormal vision and other studies in physiological optics. NB-00864–8 Hartline, H. K., Rockefeller Inst., N.Y.C. Ele rical activity of
single receptors and neurons of the eye. NB-00911-8 Breinin, C. M., New York U. Med. Cr., N.Y.C. Electromyography
of the extraocular muscles. NB-01010–8 Halbert, S. P., Col. Phys., Surg., Columbia Unv., N.Y.C. Immuno
logical observations on ocular lens in evolution and cataract. NB-01027–5 Stone, W., Jr., Mass. Eye, Ear Inf., Boston. Alloplastic substitution
for opacification of cornea. NB-01099–7 Hogan, M. J., Sch. Med., Univ. California, San Francisco, Calif.
Investigations on endogenous uveitis. NB-01100–7 Kinsey, V. E., Kresge Eye Inst., Detroit, Mich. Intraocular fluid
dynamics. NB-01130–7 Chi, H. H., Eye Bank Sight Restoration, N.Y.C. Studies of the
corneal endothelium. NB-01142–7 Merriam, G. R., Jr., Med Sch., Columbia Univ., N.Y.C. Lens pro
teins in radiation cataracts. NB-01161–7 Georgiade, N. G., Sch. Med., Duke U., Durham, N.C. The prolonged preservation of corneal grafts in a viable state.
а NB-01201-7 Gardner, E., Sch. Med., Wayne State U., Detroit, Mich. Visual
systems-Pure rod and cone retinae. NB-01229–7 Hogan, M. J., Sch. Med., Univ. California, San Francisco. Electron
microscopy of the limbus.
NB-01233–7 Ditchburn, R. W., Sch. Physics, Univ. Reading, Reading, England.
Eye movements in visual perception. NB-01325–7 Breinin, G. M., New York U. Med. Cr., N.Y.C. Optical and elec
trophysiologic studies in accommodation and convergene. NB-01326-4 Solones, M. P., Gen. Hosp., Calles de Balmis and Pasteur, Mexico,
D.F., Mexico. Intraocular pressure in Indians, Mestizos, and Whites.
tein metabolism of refractory media of the eye. NB-01349–7 Miller, J. E., Sch. Med., Washington U., St. Louis, Mo. Electromyo
graphic study of oculomotor function. NB-01354–5 Stone, W., Jr., Mass. Eye, Ear Infirmary, Boston, Mass. Anterior
chamber drainage tubes. NB-01375–6 Constant, M. A., Washington U., St. Louis, Mo. Lens in health and
disease. NB-01392–6 Allen, E. L., State Univ., Iowa, Iowa City. Reconstruction models
on chamber angle structures. NB-01404–5 Simonson, E., Univ. Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn. Excitability of
visual pathways. NB-01408–6 Lipez, L. E., Grad. Sch., Ohio State U., Res. Fdn., Columbus. Ex
citation and inhibition in vertebrate retina. NB-01413–6 Malis, L. I., Mount Sinai Hosp., N.Y.C. Interaction in the visual
pathways. NB-01438-6 Young, F. A., Grad. Sch., Wash. State Univ., Pullman. Effect of
restricted visual space on ocular functions. NB-01453–6 Riggs, L. A., Grad. Sch., Brown U., Providence, R.I. Human ERG
in response to monochromatic light. NB-01482-6 Wolf, E., Retina Fdn., Boston, Mass. Visual sensitivity in the
normal and abnormal retina. NB-01509–5 Crescitelli, F., Grad. Sch., U. California, Los Angeles. Electro
physiological analysis of the visual system. NB-01516–6 Sery, T. W., Wills Eye Hosp., Philadelphia. Response of corneal
stroma to injections of proteins. NB-01521-6 de Roetth, A., Jr., Sch. Med., Columbia Univ., N.Y.C. Experime tal
diabetic retinopathy. NB-01534–5 Hitz, J.B., Sch. Med., Marquette U., Milwaukee, Wis. Histologic
studies of the regenerative processes of the eye. NB-01578–5 Alpern, M., Med. Sch., U. Michigan, Ann Arbor. Psychophysio
logical studies of ocular abnormalities. NB-01586–6 Smith, 0. W., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y. Development of distance
perception in children. NB-01587–5 Wise, G. N., Sch. Med., New York Univ., N.Y.C. Neovascularization
of retinal vascular diseases. NB-01637–6 Ogle, K. N., Mayo Assn., Rochester, Minn. Depth of focus of the
human eye. NB-01689–6 Armaly, M. F., Sch. Med., State U. Iowa, Iowa City. Neurogenic
regulation of intraocular pressure. NB-01741–5 Howe, A. F., Retina Fdn., Boston. Structure and function of the
blood-vitreous barrier. NB-01782–5 Hogan, M. J., Sch. Med., Univ. California, Berkeley. Electron mi
croscopy of eye structures. NB-01789–5 Cibis, P. A., Sch. Med., Washington U., St. Louis, Mo. Ocular si
derosis and hemosiderosis. NB-01810-5 Pirenne, M. H., U. Oxford, England. Vision and light quanta. NB-01820–5 Schwartz, B., State Univ. N.Y., Brooklyn. Metabolism of lens cul
tured in a perfusion system. NB-01851–5 Donaldson, D. D., Sch. Med., Harvard U., Cambridge, Mass. Instru
mentation in ophthalmology. NB-01852–5 Ogle, K. N., Mayo Assn., Rochester, Minn. Critical factors in stero
scopic depth perception. NB-01853–5 Leopold, I. H., Wills Eye Hosp., Philadelphia, Pa. Metabolic
studies on anterior uvea. NB-01903–5 Brown, K. T., Sch. Med., U. California, Berkeley. Intraretinal re
cording in unopened mammalian eyes. NB-01922–5 Allen, M. J., Indiana U., Bloomington. The influence of age on the
control of accommodation. NB-01923–5 Kropf, A., Amherst Col., Mass. Photochemistry of the visual pigNB-01942–5 Donaldson, D. D., Sch. Med. Harvard U., Cambridge, Mass. Sub
jective color phenomena. NB-01971-5 Blackwell, H. R., Sch. Med., Ohio State U., Columbus. Neural time
space mechanisms and reading disabilities. NB-01979_5 Harris, J. E., U. Minnesota, Minneapolis. Movement of water and
solutes across ocular barriers. NB-02002-3 Von Noorden, G. K., Col. Med., State U. Iowa, Iowa City Trans
mission time and perceptual blanking in strabismic amblyopia. NB-02003–5 Rucker, C. W., Mayo Assn., Rochester, Minn., Pupillography in
diseases of central nervous system. NB-20258–5 Leopold, I. H., Wills Eye Hosp., Philadelphia, Pa. Corticosteoids
in aqueous humor of humans and rabbits. NB-02062–5 King, J. H., Jr., Washington Hosp. Cr., Washington, D.C. The
preservation of eye tissues for transplantation. NB-021134 Jacobson, J.H., N.Y. Eye and Ear Infirmary, N.Y.C. Electro
physiology of accommodation. NB-02156-4 Flocks, M., Sch. Med., Stanford U., Cal. Use of light coagulation
in human and animal eyes. NB-0216544 Jones, R. W., Northwestern U., Evanston, Ill. Dynamics of the
visual system. NB-021684 Enoch, J. M., Sch. Med., Washington U., St. Louis, Mo. The eti
ology of reduced visual function. NB-02198-4 Patz, A., Sch. Med., Johns Hopkins U., Baltimore, Md. Metabolic
studies on the retina and retinal vessels. NB-022014 Blackwell, H. R., Sch. Med., Ohio State Univ., Columbus, Ohio.
Visual mechanisms in normal and abnormal retinae. NB-02205-4 Brown, J. L., Sch. Med., U. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Physi
ological and psychophysical aspects of vision. NB-0220744 Kupfer, C., Mass. Eye, Ear Infirmary, Boston, Mass. The control
of intraocular pressure. NB-02208-4 Enroth-Cugell, C., Sch. Med., Northwestern U., Evanston, Ill.
Retinal ganglion cell responses to time varying stimuli. NB-02212-4 Holland, M. G., Tulane U., New Orleans, La. Physiology and
pharmacology of aqueous humor flow. NB-022204 Dohlman, C. H., Retina Fdn., Boston. Corneal dehydration, wound
healing and grafting. NB-022744 De Valois, R. L., Grad. Sch., Indiana U., Bloomington. Electro
physiology of color vision. NB-02334-4 Spector, B., Tufts U. Sch. Med., Boston, Mass. Immunologically
induced bilateral eye reactions. NB-02343-4 Donn, A., Columbia Univ., N.Y.C. Physiologic studies of the living
cornea in vitro. NB-02403–5 Cohen, J., Sch. Med., Northwestern U., Chicago, Ill. Interdiscipli
nary study of blindness in children. NB-02410–5 Maumenee, A. E., Johns Hopkins U., Baltimore. Involvements af
fecting the visual pathways. NB-02412–5 Becker B., Sch. Med., Washington Univ., St. Louis, Mo. Collabora
tive glaucoma study. NB-02415–5 Shaffer, R. N., Univ. California Med. Cr., San Francisco, Calif.
Collaborative glaucoma detection study. NB_02419_5 Maumenee, A. E., Sch. Med., Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, Md.
Collaborative glaucoma study. NB-02423-4-Armaly, M. F., Sch. Med., State Univ. Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.
Collaborative glaucoma study. NB–02430-4-Hargens, C. W., Franklin Inst., Philadelphia. Glaucoma detection
method suited for mass screening. NB-02485–4 Blough, D. S., Brown U., Providence, R.I. Psychophysical studies
of vision in monkeys. NB-02521-4 Potts, A. M., U. Chicago, Ill. Nutrition, metabolism of eye avascu
lar structures. NB-02522-4 Potts, A. M., Sch. Med., U. Chicago, Ill. Experimental and clinical
electroretinography. NB-02530–3 Brecher, G. A., Emery U., Atlanta, Ga. Normal and abnormal
corneo-retinal potential. NB-02539_2 Bender, M. B., Mount Sinai Hosp., New York, N.Y. A symposium
on the oculomotor system.
NB_02542-4 Kimura, S. J., Sch. Med., U. California, San Francisco. Fluores
cein-labeled antibody studies in uveitis. NB-02555-3 Krishna, N., Wills Eye Hosp., Philadelphia. Monoamine oxidase
and inhibitors in ocular tissues. NB-02556-4 Kupfer, C., Mass. Eye, Ear Inf., Boston. Development of anterior
chamber angle in the human eyes. NB-02561-4 McEwen, W. K., Sch. Med., Univ. California, San Francisco, Calif.
Glaucoma studies. NB-02588-4 Munz, F. W., U. Oregon, Eugene. The succession of visual pig
ments in salmon and trout. NB-02589 4 Goodman, G., Sch. Med., New York Univ., N.Y.C. Electroretinog
raphy and psychophysical studies in retinal disorders. NB-02591-4 Langham, M. E., Sch. Med., Johns Hopkins U., Baltimore, Md.
Intraocular dynamics and glaucoma. NB-026234 Teng, C. C., Eye-Bank for Sight Restoration, Inc., N.Y.C. Electron
microscope study of corneal dystrophy. NB-02633-4 Jampolsky, A., San Francisco Inst. Med. Sci., San Francisco, Calif.
Electrophysiology of the visual apparatus. NB-02634-4 Bettman, J. W., San Francisco Inst. Med. Sch., Calif. Agents af
fecting the intraocular circulation. NB-026604 Benolken, R. M., Grad. Sch., U. Minnesota, Minneapolis. Visual
mechanisms. NB-02661-4 Harcum, E. R., Col. Arts, Sci., C. William and Mary, Williamsburg,
Va. Normal perception in reading and learning problems. NB-02664-4 Nunnemacher, R. F., Grad. Sch., Clark Univ., Worcester, Mass.
Optics and neural pathways of compound eyes. NB-02667-4 Campbell, C. J., Col. Phy., Surg, Columbia Univ., N.Y.C. Spectral
response characteristics of the retina. NB-026784 Binder, H. F., Sch. Med., Western Reserve U., Cleveland, Ohio.
Regeneration of ocular tissues. NB-02681-4 Symmes, D., Sch. Med., Yale U., New Haven, Conn. Neural basis
of visual and auditory fusion in monkey. NB-02698–3 Cogan, D. G., Sch. Med., Harvard U., Cambridge, Mass. Electron
microscopy of retinal dehydrogenases. NB-02709–3 Straatsma, B. R., Sch. Med., U. California, Los Angeles. Environ
ment and drugs in the human refractive state. NB-027104 Noell, W.K., Sch. Med., State Univ. N.Y., Buffalo, N.Y. Metabolic
and functional development of the retina. NB-02801-3 Jacobson, J. H., N.Y. Eye, Ear Infirmary, N.Y.C., Clinical electro
retinography. NB-02861–3 Trontman, R. C., State Univ., Downstate Med. Ctr., N.Y., Albany.
The use of acrylics in animal and human eyes. NB-02863–3 Walsh, F. B., Sch. Med., Johns Hopkins U., Baltimore. Neuro
pathology, clinical ophthalmological diagnosis. NB-02866-3 Allen, R. A., Sch. Med., U. California, Los Angeles. The eye
Growth, aging—Changes in systemic disease. NB-02873–3 Wolter, J. R., U. Michigan, Med. Cr., Ann Arbor, Neuropathology
of the human eye. NB-02885–3 Reddy, D. V. N., Kresge Eye Inst., Detroit. Intraocular transport
of carbohydrates. NB-030143 Rushton, W. A. H., Sch. Med., U. Cambridge, England. The nature
of the visual process in the retina. NB-03015–3 Cogan, D. G., Med. Sch., Harvard U., Cambridge, Mass. Metabolic
histochemistry of the retina. NB-03016–3 Firschein, H. E., New York U., Med. Cr., N.Y.C. Parathyroid hor
mone and cataract formation, NB-03040–3 Maumenee, A. E., Johns Hopkins U., Baltimore. Studies in ocular
hypersensitivity. NB-03050_3 Levene, R. Z., New York Univ. Med. Sch., N.Y.C. Evaluation of
diagnostic techniques for glaucoma. NB-03060-3 Barany, E., Sch. Med., Uppsala U., Uppsala, Sweden. Physiology
and pharmacology of ocular pressure. NB-03062–3 Hart, W. M., Eye Res. Fdn., Bethesda, Md. Cataract as a function
of growth and maturation. NB-03067–3 Pitel, M., Sch. Med., Dent., Univ. Rochester, N.Y. Normal and
cataractous fetal lens of the rat.