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found on a shipment from a nursery considered free of the imported fire ant, the department of agriculture in the State of origin shall cease its certification of shipments from that nursery. An investigation by Federal or State inspectors will commence immediately to determine the probable source of the problem and to ensure that the problem is resolved. If the problem is an infestation, issuance of certification for movement on the basis of imported-fire-ant-free premises will be suspended until treatment and elimination of the infestation is completed. Reinstatement into the program will be granted upon determination that the nursery premises are free of the imported fire ant, and that all other provisions of this manual are being followed.
In cases where the issuance of certificates is suspended through oral notification, the suspension and the reasons for the suspension will be confirmed in writing within 20 days of the oral notification of the suspension. Any person whose issuance of certificates has been suspended may appeal the decision, in writing, within 10 days after receiving the written suspension notice. The appeal must state all of the facts and reasons that the person wants the Administrator to consider in deciding the appeal. A hearing may be held to resolve any conflict as to any material fact. Rules of practice for the hearing will be adopted by the Administrator. As soon as practicable, the Administrator will grant or deny the appeal, in writing, stating the reasons for the decision.
Violations of the quarantine shall be investigated by Federal or State inspectors and appropriate penalties will be assessed to discourage further violations.
This imported-fire-ant-free nursery program is not mandatory for movement of regulated articles. Plants, balled or in containers, may otherwise be certified for movement using the chlorpyrifos, bifenthrin, or tefluthrin treatments described in paragraph III.C.3 of this manual, titled "Plants, Balled or in Containers." However, certification for movement under the imported-fire-ant-free nursery program will be granted only if all of the provisions of this program are followed.
Certification Period: Continuous as long as all provisions of the imported-fire-ant-free nursery program are followed.
(Distance®) only when ants are actively foraging (follow EPA-approved label directions for use). Broadcast application with any type of equipment that can be calibrated to deliver 1.0-1.5 lb (0.45-0.68 kg) of bait per acre. Three to five days after the fenoxycarb (AWARD®), hydramethylnon (AMDRO®), or pyriproxyfen (Distance®) application, apply chlorpyrifos broadcast at 6.0 lb (2.7 kg) a.i. per acre. Treatment area must extend at least 10 feet beyond the base of all plants that are to be certified.
Exposure Period: 30 days. Plants can be certified 30 days after treatment.
Certification Period: 12 weeks.
Special Information: This in-field treatment is based on a sequential application of fenoxycarb (AWARD®), hydramethylnon (AMDRO®), or pyriproxyfen (Distance®) followed by chlorpyrifos. The combination treatment is necessary since broadcast application of chlorpyrifos (or other short-term residual insecticides) usually does not eliminate large, mature IFA colonies, and no bait, including fenoxycarb (AWARD®) or hydramethylnon (AMDRO®), is capable of providing a residual barrier against reinfestation by new queens. Therefore, the fenoxycarb (AWARD®) hydramethylnon (AMDRO®), or pyriproxyfen (Distance®) application will drastically reduce the IFA population while chlorpyrifos, applied approximately 5 days later, will destroy any remaining weakened colonies and also leave a residual barrier against reinfestation by new queens for at least 12 weeks.
6. Blueberries and Other Fruit and Nut Nursery Stocks
Certain States have special local need labeling in accordance with section 24(c) of FIFRA for D-z-n® Diazinon AG-500 and D-znR Diazinon 50W, which APHIS will recognize as a regulatory treatment for containerized nonbearing blueberries and fruit and nut plants. Follow label directions for use.
7. Plants Greenhouse Grown
Greenhouse grown plants are certifiable without treatment if the inspector determines that the greenhouse is constructed of fiberglass, glass, or plastic in such a way that IFA is physically excluded and cannot become established within the enclosure. No other treatment of the plants will be necessary if they are not exposed to infestation.
(a) Notice of quarantine. Pursuant to the provisions of sections 8 and 9 of the Plant Quarantine Act of August 20, 1912, as amended, and section 106 of the Federal Plant Pest Act (7 U.S.C. 161, 162, 150ee), the Secretary of Agriculture heretofore determined after public hearing that it was necessary to quarantine the State of New York in order to prevent the spread of the golden nematode (Heterodera rostochiensis), which causes a dangerous disease of potatoes and certain other plants, and not theretofore widely prevalent or distributed within and throughout the United States. Therefore, under the authority of said provisions, the Secretary hereby continues to quarantine the State of New York, with respect to the interstate movement from the quarantined State of the articles described in paragraph (b) of this section, issues the regulations in this subpart governing such movement, and gives notice of said quarantine and regulations.
(b) Quarantine restrictions on interstate movement of specified regulated articles. No common carrier or other person shall move interstate from any quarantined State any of the following articles (defined in § 301.85-1(q) as regulated articles), except in accordance with the conditions prescribed in this subpart:
(1) Soil, compost, humus, muck, peat, and decomposed manure, separately or with other things.
(2) Plants with roots, except soil-free aquatic plants.
(3) Grass sod.
(4) Plant crowns and roots for propagation.
(5) True bulbs, corms, rhizomes, and tubers of ornamental plants.
(6) Irish potatoes included within any one or more of the following paragraph (b)(6)(i), (ii), or (iii) of this section:
(i) Irish potatoes for seed; and (ii) Irish potatoes unless
(A) Each is at least 12 inches in diameter based on measurement by a sizing screen or sizing chain, each is substantially free of soil as a result of grading (a method of removing soil mechanically) under a compliance agreement in accordance with §301.85-5(b), and they are moved in an approved container; or
(B) Each is substantially free of soil as a result of washing or fluming under a compliance agreement in accordance with §301.85-5(b), and they are moved in an approved container; or
(iii) Irish potatoes harvested from a field tested and found by an inspector to contain an identifiable population of viable golden nematodes, unless such field had been subsequently treated in accordance with paragraph (b)(6)(ii) (A), (B), or (C) of this section under the supervision of an inspector and in accordance with any additional conditions found necessary by the inspector to assure effective application of the pesticide used; and unless headlands and farm roads are treated in accordance with paragraph (b)(6)(iii)(D) of this section:
(A) Applications of 140.3 liters of Vorlex (1,3 dichloropropene; 1,2 dichloropropane, and other related compounds, 80 percent; plus methyl isothiocyanate, 20 percent active ingredients) per hectare (15 gallons per acre); two applications 5 to 10 days apart with a third application 5 to 10 days after the second application to areas in which the inspector finds upon microscopic examination of soil samples that viable golden nematodes may still exist; soil to be from 3°C to 29 °C (38°F to 84 °F).
(B) Applications of 280.6 liters of D-D (1,3 dichloropropene; 1,2 dichloropropane, and other related compounds, 100 percent active ingredients) per hectare (30 gallons per acre); two applications 5 to 10 days apart with a third application 5 to 10 days after the second application to areas in which the inspector finds upon microscopic examination of soil samples that viable golden nematodes may still exist (consult product label for heavier dosage in muck or peat soils); soil to be from 4.5° C to 29° C (40° F to 84° F).
(C) Applications of 168.4 liters of Telone II (1,3 dichloropropene, 92 percent active ingredient) per hectare (18 gallons per acre); two applications 5 to 10 days apart with a third application 5 to 10 days after the second application to areas in which the inspector finds upon microscopic examination of soil samples that viable golden nematodes may still exist (consult product label for heavier dosage in muck or peat soils); soil to be from 4.5° C to 32° C (40° F to 90° F).
(D) Application of Vapam (sodium-Nmethyl dithiocarbamate, 32.7 percent active ingredient) mixed with water at the rate of 1 part Vapam to 60 parts water and applied as a drench at the rate of 14.96 cubic meters per hectare (1600 gallons per acre); soil to be from 4.5°C to 32°C (40°F to 90 °F).
(7) Root crops other than Irish potatoes.
(8) Small grains and soybeans.
(9) Hay, straw, fodder, and plant litter, of any kind.
(10) Ear corn, except shucked ear
(11) Used crates, boxes, and burlap bags, and other used farm products containers.
(12) Used farm tools.
(13) Used mechanized cultivating equipment and used harvesting equipment.
(14) Used mechanized soil-moving equipment.
(15) Any other products, articles, or means of conveyance of any character whatsoever, not covered by paragraphs (b) (1) through (14) of this section, when it is determined by an inspector that they present a hazard of spread of golden nematode, and the person in possession thereof has been so notified.
[37 FR 24330, Nov. 16, 1972, as amended at 47 FR 12331, Mar. 23, 1982]
state movement of regulated articles to any destination.
(b) Compliance agreement. A written agreement between a person engaged in growing, handling, or moving regulated articles, and the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, wherein the former agrees to comply with the requirements of this subpart identified in the agreement by the inspector who executes the agreement on behalf of the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs as applicable to the operations of such person.
(c) Deputy Administrator. The Deputy Administrator of the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, or any other officer or employee of said service to whom authority to act in his stead has been or may hereafter be delegated.
(d) Farm tools. An instrument worked or used by hand, e.g., hoes, rakes, shovels, axes, hammers, and saws.
Terms used in the singular form in this subpart shall be deemed to import the plural and vice versa, as the case may demand. The following terms, when used in this subpart shall be construed respectively to mean:
(a) Certificate. A document issued or authorized to be issued under this subpart by an inspector to allow the inter
(e) Generally infested area. Any part of a regulated area not designated as a suppressive area in accordance with §301.85-2.
(f) Golden nematode. The nematode known as the golden nematode (Heterodera rostochiensis), in any stage of development.
(g) Infestation. The presence of the golden nematode or the existence of circumstances that make it reasonable to believe that the golden nematode is present.
(h) Inspector. Any employee of the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, or other person, authorized by the Deputy Administrator to enforce the provisions of the Quarantine and regulations in this subpart.
(i) Interstate. From any State into or through any other State.
(j) Limited permit. A document issued or authorized to be issued by an inspector to allow the interstate movement of noncertifiable regulated articles to a specified destination for limited handling, utilization or processing or for treatment.
(k) Mechanized cultivating equipment; and mechanized harvesting equipment. Mechanized equipment used for soil
tillage, including tillage attachments for farm tractors, e.g., tractors, disks, plows, harrows, planters, and subsoilers; mechanized equipment used for harvesting purposes, e.g., combines, potato conveyors, and harvesters and hay balers.
(1) Mechanized soil-moving equipment. Equipment used for moving or transporting soil, e.g., draglines, bulldozers, dump trucks, road scrapers, etc.
(m) Moved (movement, move). Shipped, deposited for transmission in the mail, otherwise offered for shipment, received for transportation, carried, or otherwise transported, or moved, or allowed to be moved, by mail or otherwise. "Movement" and "move" shall be construed in accordance with this definition.
(n) Person. Any individual, corporation, company, society, or association, or other organized group of any of the foregoing.
(0) Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs. The organizational unit within the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service delegated responsibility for enforcing provisions of the Plant Quarantine Act and Federal Plant Pest Act, and regulations promulgated thereunder.
(p) Regulated area. Any quarantined State, or any portion thereof, listed as a regulated area in §301-85-2a, or otherwise designated as a regulated area in accordance with §301.85-2(b).
(q) Regulated article. Any articles as described in § 301.85(b).
(r) Restricted destination permit. A document issued or authorized to be issued by an inspector to allow the interstate movement of regulated articles not certifiable under all applicable Federal domestic plant quarantines to a specified destination for other than scientific purposes.
(s) Scientific permit. A document issued by the Deputy Administrator to allow the interstate movement to a specified destination of regulated articles for scientific purposes.
(t) Soil. That part of the upper layer of earth in which plants can grow.
(u) State. Any State, territory, or district of the United States, including Puerto Rico.
(v) Suppressive area. That portion of a regulated area where eradication of in
festation is undertaken as an objective, as designated under § 301.85-2(a).
(w) Treatment manual. The provisions currently contained in the "Manual of Administratively Authorized Procedures to be Used Under the Golden Nematode Quarantine” and the "Fumigation Procedures Manual.”1
[37 FR 24330, Nov. 16, 1972, as amended at 47 FR 12331, Mar. 23, 1982]
§301.85-2 Authorization to designate, and terminate designation of, regulated areas and suppressive or generally infested areas; and to exempt articles from certification, permit, or other requirements.
(a) Regulated areas and suppressive or generally infested areas. The Deputy Administrator shall list as regulated areas, in a supplemental regulation designated as §301.85-2a, each quarantined State; or each portion thereof in which golden nematode has been found or in which there is reason to believe that golden nematode is present, or which it is deemed necessary to regulate because of their proximity to infestation or their inseparability for quarantine enforcement purposes from infested localities. The Deputy Administrator, in the supplemental regulation, may divide any regulated area into a suppressive area or a generally infested area in accordance with the definitions thereof in §301.85-1. Less than an entire quarantined State will be designated as a regulated area only if the Deputy Administrator is of the opinion that:
(1) The State has adopted and is enforcing a quarantine or regulation which imposes restrictions on the intrastate movement of the regulated articles which are substantially the same as those which are imposed with respect to the interstate movement of such articles under this subpart; and
(2) The designation of less than the entire State as a regulated area will otherwise be adequate to prevent the
1 Pamphlets containing such provisions are available upon request to the Deputy Administrator, Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC 20250, or from an inspector.