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structions, specifying the manner in which the restrictions shall be made less stringent, whereupon such modification shall become effective; or he may, upon request in specific cases, when the public interests will permit, authorize such importation under conditions specified in the permit to carry out the purposes of this part that are less stringent than those contained in the regulations.

(b) As used in this section the term “United States” shall have the meaning ascribed to it in the regulations supplemental hereto. [24 FR 10788, Dec. 29, 1959, as amended at 36 FR 24917, Dec. 24, 1971; 37 FR 10554, May 25, 1972)

all foreign countries and localities of (1) any parts or products of plants of the genus Gossypium, including seed cotton; cottonseed; cotton lint, linters, and other forms of cotton fiber (not including yarn, thread, and cloth); cottonseed hulls, cake, meal, and other cottonseed products, except oil; cotton waste, including gin waste and thread waste; and any other unmanufactured parts of cotton plants; and (2) secondhand burlap and other fabrics, shredded or otherwise, which have been used or are of the kinds ordinarily used, for containing cotton, grains (including grain products), field seeds, agricultural roots, rhizomes, tubers, or other underground crops, may result in the entry into the United States of the pink bollworm (Pectinophora gossypiella (Saund.)), the golden nematode of potatoes Heterodera rostochiensis Wr.), the flag smut disease (Urocystis tritici Koern.), and other injurious plant diseases and insect pests, and said Administrator hereby further determines, that, in order to prevent the introduction into the United States of said plant diseases and insect pests, which are new to or not heretofore widely prevalent or distributed within and throughout the United States, it is necessary to forbid the importation into the United States of the plants and products, including fabrics, specified above, except as permitted in the regulations supplemental hereto. Hereafter the plants and products specified above shall not be imported or offered for entry into the United States from any foreign country or locality except as permitted by said regulations, and the plants and products permitted by the regulations to be imported or offered for entry shall be subject to the provisions of sections 1, 2, 3, and 4 of said Plant Quarantine Act (7 U.S.C. 154, 156, 157, and 158): Provided, That whenever the Deputy Administrator of the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs shall find the existing conditions as to pest risk involved in the importation of the articles to which the regulations supplemental hereto apply, make it safe to modify, by making less stringent the restrictions contained in any of such regulations, he shall publish such findings in the administrative in

8319.8a Administrative instructions

relating to the entry of cotton and

covers into Guam. The plants and products specified in 8319.8(a) may be imported into Guam without further permit, other than the authorization contained in this paragraph. Sections 319.8–2 and 319.8–3 shall not be applicable to such importations. In addition, such importations need not comply with the requirements of 8319.8-4 relating to notice of arrival inasmuch as there is available to the inspector the essential information normally supplied by the importer at the time of importation. Sections 319.8–5 through 319.8–27 shall not be applicable to importations into Guam. Inspection of such importations may be made under the general authority of 8330.105(a) of this chapter. If an importation is found infected, infested, or contaminated with any plant pest and

not subject to disposal under this part, disposition may be made in accordance with $ 330.106 of this chapter.

REGULATIONS; GENERAL

8319.8-1 Definitions.

For the purposes of the regulations in this subpart, the following words shall be construed, respectively, to mean:

(a) Cotton. Parts and products of plants of the genus Gossypium, including seed cotton; cottonseed; cotton lint, linters and other forms of cotton fiber, not including yarn, thread and cloth; cottonseed hulls, cake, meal, and other cottonseed products, except oil; waste; and all other unmanufactured parts of cotton plants.

(b) Seed cotton. Cotton as it comes from the field.

(c) Cottonseed. Cottonseed from which the lint has been removed.

(d) Lint. All forms of raw ginned cotton, either baled or unbaled, except linters and waste.

(e) Linters. All forms of cotton fiber separated from cottonseed after the lint has been removed, excluding socalled hull fiber.

(f) Waste. All forms of cotton waste derived from the manufacture of cotton lint, in any form or under any trade designation, including gin waste and thread waste; and waste products derived from the milling of cottonseed. Gin trash is not within the definition of waste.

(g) Gin trash. All of the material produced during the cleaning and ginning of seed cotton, bollies or snapped cotton except the lint, cottonseed, and gin waste.

(h) Covers. Second-hand burlap and other fabrics, shredded or otherwise, including any whole bag, any bag that has been slit open, and any part of a bag, which have been used, or are of the kinds ordinarily used, for containing cotton, grains (including grain products), field seeds, agricultural roots, rhizomes, tubers, or other underground crops. Burlap and other fabrics, when new or unused are excluded from this definition.

(i) Uncompressed. Baled or packaged to a density not exceeding approximately 20 pounds per cubic foot.

(j) Compressed. Compressed or pressed and baled or packaged to a density greater than approximately 20 pounds and less than approximately 28 pounds per cubic foot.

(k) Compressed to high density. Compressed or pressed and baled or packaged to a density of approximately 28 or more pounds per cubic foot.

(1) Contamination (contaminate). Containing or bearing whole cottonseed or seed cotton or other material which may carry the pink bollworm, the golden nematode of potatoes, the flag smut disease, or other injurious plant diseases or insect pests. (The verb con

taminate shall be construed accordingly.)

(m) Samples. Samples of lint, linters, waste, cottonseed cake, and cottonseed meal, of the amount and character usually required for trade purposes.

(n) United States. Any of the States, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands of the United States.

(0) North, northern. When used to designate ports of arrival, these terms mean the port of Norfolk, Virginia, and all Atlantic Coast ports north thereof, ports along the Canadian border, and Pacific Coast ports in the States of Washington and Oregon. When used in a geographic sense to designate areas or locations, these terms mean any State in which cotton is not grown commercially. However when cotton is grown commercially in certain portions of a State, as is the case in Illinois, Kansas, and Missouri, these terms include those portions of such State as may be determined by the Deputy Administrator of the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs as remote from the main area of cotton production.

(p) Approved areas of Mexico. Any areas of Mexico, other than those described in paragraphs (q) and (r) of this section, which are designated by the Deputy Administrator

areas in which cotton and cotton products are produced and handled under conditions comparable to those under which like cotton and cotton products are produced and handled in the generally infested pink bollworm regulated area in the United States.

(q) West Coast of Mexico. The State of Sinaloa, the State of Sonora (except that part of the Imperial Valley lying between San Luis Mesa and the Colorado River), and the Southern Territory of Baja California, in Mexico.

(r) Northwest Mexico. All of the State of Baja California, Mexico, and that part of the State of Sonora, Mexico, lying between San Luis Mesa and the Colorado River.

(s) Treatment. Procedures administratively approved by the Deputy Administrator of the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs for destroying infestations or infections of insect

as

of designated as regulated area in Administrative Instructions issued under $ 301.52–2 of this chapter. The generally infested pink bollworm regulated area is that part of the regulated area designated as generally infested in the said Administrative Instructions.

(ee) Approved mill or plant. A mill or plant operating under a signed agreement with the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs required for approval of a mill or plant as specified in $ 319.8-8(a)(2). (24 FR 10788, Dec. 29, 1959, as amended at 27 FR 5389, June 7, 1962; 36 FR 24917, Dec. 24, 1971; 37 FR 10554, May 25, 1972]

CONDITIONS OF IMPORTATION AND ENTRY

OF COTTON AND COVERS

pests or plant diseases, such as fumigation, application of chemicals or dry or moist heat, or processing, utilization, or storage.

(t) Permit. A form of authorization to allow the importation of cotton or covers in accordance with the regulations in this subpart.

(u) Approved. Approved by the Deputy Administrator of the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs.

(v) Approved fumigation facilities. Approved vacuum fumigation plant at a port where an inspector is available to supervise the fumigation.

(w) Utilization. Processing or manufacture, in lieu of fumigation at time of entry, at a mill or plant specifically approv by the Deputy Administrator of the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs. 1

(x) Authorized. Authorized by the Deputy Administrator of the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs.

(y) Deputy Administrator, Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs. The Deputy Administrator of the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, or any officer or employee of the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs to whom authority has heretofore been delegated or may hereafter be delegated to act in his stead.

(z) Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs. The Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, of the United States Department of Agriculture.

(aa) Inspector. A properly identified employee of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or other person authorized by the Department to enforce the provisions of the Plant Quarantine Act.

(bb) Person. Any individual, firm, corporation, company, society, or association, or any organized group of any of the foregoing.

(cc) Root crop. The underground crop portions of any plants.

(dd) Pink bollworm regulated area; generally infested pink bollworm regulated area. The pink bollworm regulated area consists of those States or parts there

8319.8–2 Permit procedure.

(a) Except as otherwise provided for in $8 319.8–10 and 319.8–18, permits shall be obtained for importations into the United States of all cotton and covers. Permits will be issued only for cotton and covers authorized entry under 88 319.846 through 319.8–20. Persons desiring to import cotton or covers under $$ 319.8–6 through 319.8–20 shall, in advance of departure of such material from a foreign port, submit to the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs an application2 stating the name and address of the importer, the country from which such material is to be imported, and the kind of cotton or covers it is desired to import. Applications to import cottonseed shall state the approximate quantity and the proposed United States port of entry. Applications to import lint, linters, or waste shall state whether such materials are compressed.

(b) Applications to import lint, linters, or waste at a port3 other than one in the North, in California, or on the Mexican Border shall also specify whether the commodity is compressed to high density.

(c) Applications for permits may be made orally or on forms provided for

1 A list of approved mills and plants may be obtained from the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, Room 710, U.S. Appraisers Stores, 408 Atlantic Ave., Boston, Mass. 02210.

2 Applications for permits should be made to Plant Importations Branch, Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, 209 River Street, Hoboken, N.J. 07030.

3Including ports in Guam, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands of the United States.

importer, pending issuance of a permit, for a period not exceeding 20 days.

(h) Pending development of adequate treating facilities in Guam, any cotton or covers that are subject to treatment as a condition of entry therein must first be entered and treated in accordance with the requirements of this subpart at a U.S. port of arrival where such treating facilities are available. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0579-0049) (44 U.S.C. 35) [24 FR 10788, Dec. 29, 1959, as amended at 48 FR 57466, Dec. 30, 1983]

the purpose by the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, or may be made by a letter or telegram containing all the information required by this section.

(d) Upon receipt and approval of such application by the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, an individual or continuing permit will be issued authorizing the importation and specifying the port of entry and the conditions of entry. A copy of the permit will be supplied to the importer.

(e) Upon receipt of an application to import lint, linters, waste, or covers, without treatment, for utilization under agreement as defined in $319.8 8(a)(2), an investigation will be made by an inspector to determine that the receiving mill or plant is satisfactorily located geographically, is equipped with all necessary safeguards, and is apparently in a position to fulfill all precautionary conditions to which it may agree. Upon determination by the inspector that these qualifications are fulfilled, the owner or operator of the mill or plant may sign an agreement specifying that the required precautionary conditions will be maintained. Such signed agreement will be a necessary requisite to the release at the port of entry of any imported lint, linters, waste, or covers for forwarding to and utilization at such mill or plant in lieu of vacuum fumigation or other treatment otherwise required by this subpart. Permits for the importation of such materials will be issued in accordance with paragraph (a) of this section.

(f) Permits for importation of any cotton or covers are conditioned upon compliance with all requirements set forth therein and such additional requirements in this subpart as are in terms applicable thereto. Failure to comply with any such requirement will be deemed to invalidate the permit. Permits may also be cancelled or may be refused as provided in $319.8–3, or entry denied as provided in $8 319.8–11, 319.8–12, and $319.8–13.

(g) If through no fault of the importer a shipment of cotton or covers arrives at a United States port in advance of the issuance of a permit, it may be held, under suitable safeguards prescribed by the inspector at the port, in Customs custody at the risk of the

8319.83 Refusal and cancellation of

permits. (a) Permits for entry from the West Coast of Mexico, as authorized in $319.8–12 of lint, linters, waste, cottonseed, and cottonseed hulls may be refused and existing permits cancelled by the Deputy Administrator if he has determined that the pink bollworm is present in the West Coast of Mexico or in Northwest Mexico, or that other conditions exist therein that would increase the hazard of pest introduction into the United States.

(b) Permits for entry from Northwest Mexico as authorized in $319.8–13 of lint, linters, waste, cottonseed, cottonseed hulls, and covers that have been used for cotton, may be refused and existing permits cancelled by the Deputy Administrator if he has determined that the pink bollworm is present in Northwest Mexico or in the West Coast of Mexico, or that other conditions exist therein that would increase the hazard of pest introduction into the United States.

(27 FR 5389, June 7, 1962, as amended at 36 FR 24917, Dec. 24, 1971)

8319.84 Notice of arrival.

Immediately upon arrival at a port of entry of any shipment of cotton or covers the importer shall submit in duplicate, through the United States Collector of Customs, or, in the case of Guam, through the Customs officer of the Government of Guam, and for the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, a notice of such arrival, on a form provided for that purpose (Form PQ-368) and shall give such information as is called for by that form. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0579-0049) (44 U.S.C. 35) (24 FR 10788, Dec. 29, 1959, as amended at 48 FR 57466, Dec. 30, 1983]

linters, and waste have been so processed by bleaching, dyeing, or other means, as to have removed all cottonseed or to have destroyed all insect life.

8319.85 Marking of containers.

Every bale or other container of cotton lint, linters, waste, or covers imported or offered for entry shall be plainly marked or tagged with a bale number or other mark to distinguish it from other bales or containers of similar material. Bales of lint, linters, and waste from approved areas of Mexico, the West Coast of Mexico, or Northwest Mexico shall be tagged or otherwise marked to show the gin or mill of origin unless they are immediately exported. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0579_0049) (44 U.S.C. 35) (27 FR 5389, June 7, 1962, as amended at 48 FR 57466, Dec. 30, 1983)

8319.8 6 Cottonseed cake and cotton

seed meal. Entry of cottonseed cake and cottonseed meal will be authorized through any port at which the services of an inspector are available, subject to examination by an inspector for freedom from contamination. If found to be free of contamination, importations of such cottonseed cake and cottonseed meal will be released from further plant quarantine entry restrictions. If found to be contaminated such importations will be refused entry or subjected as a condition of entry to such safeguards as the inspector may prescribe, according to a method selected by him from administratively authorized procedures known to be effective under the conditions under which the safeguards are applied

8319.88 Lint, linters, and waste.

(a) Compressed to high density. (1)(i) Entry of lint, linters, and waste, compressed to high density, will be authorized subject to vacuum fumigation by approved methods at any port where approved fumigation facilities are available.

(ii) Importations of such lint, linters, and waste, arriving at a northern port where there are no approved fumigation facilities may be entered for transportation in bond to another northern port where such facilities are available, for the required vacuum fumigation.

(iii) Such lint, linters, and waste compressed to high density arriving at a port in the State of California where there are no approved fumigation facilities may be entered for immediate transportation in bond via an all-water route if available, otherwise by overland transportation in van-type trucks or box cars after approved surface treatment, or under such other conditions as may be deemed necessary and are prescribed by the inspector to (a) any port where approved fumigation facilities are available, there to receive the required vacuum fumigation before release, or (b) to an approved mill or plant for utilization.

(2) Entry of lint, linters, and waste compressed to high density, will be authorized without vacuum fumigation at any northern port, subject to movement to an approved mill or plant, the owner or operator of which has executed an agreement with the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs to the effect that, in consideration of the waiving, of vacuum fumigation as a condition of entry and the substitution of approved utilization therefor:

(i) The lint, linters, and waste so entered will be processed or manufactured at the mill or plant and until so used will be retained thereat, unless written authority is granted by the Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs to move the material to another mill or plant;

8319.8–7 Processed lint, linters, and

waste. Entry of lint, linters, and waste will be authorized without treatment but upon compliance with other applicable requirements of this subpart when the inspector can determine that such lint,

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