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(b) Conditions of movement. Fruits and vegetables from Hawaii may be authorized for movement in accordance with this section only if the following conditions are met:
(1) Location. The irradiation treatment must be carried out at an approved facility in Hawaii or on the mainland United States. Fruits and vegetables authorized under this section for treatment on the mainland may be treated in any State on the mainland United States except Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, or Virginia. Prior to treatment, the fruits and vegetables may not move into or through Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, or Virginia, except that movement is allowed through Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas, as an authorized stop for air cargo, or as a transloading location for shipments that arrive by air but that are subsequently transloaded into trucks for overland movement from Dallas/Fort Worth into an authorized State by the shortest route.
(2) Approved facility. The irradiation treatment facility and treatment protocol must be approved by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. In order to be approved, a facility must:
(i) Be capable of administering a minimum absorbed ionizing radiation dose of 250 Gray (25 krad) to the fruits and vegetables;2
(ii) Be constructed so as to provide physically separate locations for treated and untreated fruits and vegetables, except that fruits and vegetables traveling by conveyor directly into the irradiation chamber may pass through an area that would otherwise be separated. The locations must be separated by a permanent physical barrier such as a wall or chain link fence six or more feet high to prevent transfer of cartons. Untreated fruits and vegeta
bles shipped to the mainland United States from Hawaii in accordance with this section may not be packaged for shipment in a carton with treated fruits and vegetables;
(iii) Complete a compliance agreement with the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service as provided in 8 318.13-4(d) of this subpart; and
(iv) Be certified by Plant Protection and Quarantine for initial use and annually for subsequent use. Recertification is required in the event that an increase or decrease in radioisotope or a major modification to equipment that affects the delivered dose. Recertification may be required in cases where a significant variance in dose delivery is indicated.
(3) Treatment monitoring. Treatment must be carried out under the monitoring of an inspector. This monitoring must include inspection of treatment records and unannounced inspectional visits to the facility by an inspector. Facilities that carry out continual irradiation operations must notify an inspector at least 24 hours before the date of operations. Facilities that carry out periodic irradiation operations must notify an inspector of scheduled operations at least 24 hours before scheduled operations.3
(4) Packaging. (i) Fruits and vegetables that are treated in Hawaii must be packaged in the following manner:
(A) The cartons must have no openings that will allow the entry of fruit flies and must be sealed with seals that will visually indicate if the cartons have been opened. They may be constructed of any material that prevents the entry of fruit flies and prevents oviposition by fruit flies into the fruit in the carton.4
3 Inspectors are assigned to local offices of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, which are listed in telephone directories.
4 If there is a question as to the adequacy of a carton, send a request for approval of the carton, together with a sample carton, to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Phytosanitary Issues Management Team, 4700 River Road Unit 140, Riverdale, Maryland 20737-1236.
2 The maximum absorbed ionizing radiation dose and the irradiation of food is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration under 21 CFR part 179.
(B) The pallet-load of cartons must be wrapped before it leaves the irradiation facility in one of the following ways:
(1) With polyethylene sheet wrap; (2) With net wrapping; or
(3) With strapping so that each carton on an outside row of the pallet load is constrained by a metal or plastic strap.
(C) Packaging must be labeled with treatment lot numbers, packing and treatment facility identification and location, and dates of packing and treatment.
(ii) Cartons of untreated fruits and vegetables that are moving to the mainland United States for treatment must be shipped in shipping containers sealed prior to interstate movement with seals that will visually indicate if the shipping containers have been opened.
(iii) Litchi and longan from Hawaii may not be moved interstate into Florida. All cartons in which litchi or longan are packed must be stamped “Not for importation into or distribution in FL."
(5) Dosage. The fruits and vegetables must receive a minimum absorbed ionizing radiation dose of 250 Gray (25 krad).5
(6) Dosimetry systems. (i) Dosimetry must demonstrate that the absorbed dose, including areas of minimum and maximum dose, is mapped, controlled, and recorded.
(ii) Absorbed dose must be measured using a dosimeter that can accurately measure an absorbed dose of 250 Gray (25 krad).
(iii) The number and placement of dosimeters used must be in accordance with American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards.6
(7)(i) Certification on basis of treatment. A certificate shall be issued by an inspector for the movement of fruits and vegetables from Hawaii that have been treated and handled in Hawaii in accordance with this section. To be certified for interstate movement
under this section, litchi from Hawaii must be inspected in Hawaii and found free
the litchi fruit moth (Cryptophlebia spp.) and other plant pests by an inspector before undergoing irradiation treatment in Hawaii for fruit flies.
(ii) Limited permit. A limited permit shall be issued by an inspector for the interstate movement of untreated fruits and vegetables from Hawaii for treatment on the mainland United States in accordance with this section. To be eligible for a limited permit under this section, untreated litchi from Hawaii must be inspected in Hawaii and found free of the litchi fruit moth (Cryptophlebia spp.) and other plant by an inspector.
(8) Records. Records or invoices for each treated lot must be made available for inspection by an inspector during normal business hours (8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays). An irradiation processor must maintain records as specified in this section for a period of time that exceeds the shelf life of the irradiated food product by 1 year, and must make these records available for inspection by an inspector. These records must include the lot identification, scheduled process, evidence of compliance with the scheduled process, ionizing energy source, source calibration, dosimetry, dose distribution in the product, and the date of irradiation.
(c) Request for approval and inspection of facility. Persons requesting approval of an irradiation treatment facility and treatment protocol must submit the request for approval in writing to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Oxford Plant Protection Center, 901 Hillsboro St., Oxford, NC 27565. Before the Administrator determines whether an irradiation facility is eligible for approval, an inspector will make a personal inspection of the facility to determine whether it complies with the standards of paragraph (b)(2) of this section.
(d) Denial and withdrawal of approval. (1) The Administrator will withdraw the approval of any irradiation treatment facility when the irradiation processor requests in writing the withdrawal of approval.
5 See footnote 2.
6 Designation E 1261, “Standard Guide for Selection and Calibration of Dosimetry Systems for Radiation Processing," American Society for Testing and Materials, Annual Book of ASTM Standards.
(2) The Administrator will deny or withdraw approval of an irradiation treatment facility when any provision of this section is not met. Before withdrawing or denying approval, the Administrator will inform the irradiation processor in writing of the reasons for the proposed action and provide the irradiation processor with opportunity to respond. The Administrator will give the irradiation processor an opportunity for a hearing regarding any dispute of a material fact, in accordance with rules of practice that will be adopted for the proceeding. However, the Administrator will suspend approval pending final determination in the proceeding, if he or she determines that suspension is necessary to prevent the spread of any dangerous insect infestation. The suspension will be effective upon oral or written notification, whichever is earlier, to the irradiation processor. In the event of oral notification, written confirmation will be given to the irradiation processor within 10 days of the oral notification. The suspension will continue in effect pending completion of the proceeding and any judicial review of the proceeding
(e) Department not responsible for damage. This treatment is approved to assure quarantine security against the Trifly complex. From the literature available, the fruits and vegetables authorized for treatment under this section are believed tolerant to the treatment; however, the facility operator and shipper are responsible for determination of tolerance. The Department of Agriculture and its inspectors assume no responsibility for any loss or damage resulting from any treatment prescribed or supervised. Additionally, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission is responsible for ensuring that irradiation facilities are constructed and operated in a safe manner. Further, the Food and Drug Administration is responsible for ensuring that irradiated foods
safe and wholesome for human consumption. (62 FR 36974, July 10, 1997, as amended at 63 FR 65648, Nov. 30, 1998]
8318.13-4g Administrative instruc
tions governing movement of avoca
dos from Hawaii to Alaska. Avocados may be moved interstate from Hawaii to Alaska without being certified in accordance with $318.13 4 (a) or (b) only under the following conditions:
(a) Distribution and marking requirements. The avocados may be moved interstate for distribution in Alaska only, the boxes of avocados must be clearly marked with the statement “Distribution limited to the State of Alaska”, and the shipment must be identified in accordance with the requirements of g 318.13-6.
(b) Commercial shipments. The avocados may be moved in commercial shipments only.
(c) Packing requirements. The avocados must have been sealed in the packing house in Hawaii in boxes with a seal that will break if the box is opened.
(d) Ports. The avocados may enter the continental United States only at the following ports: Portland, Oregon; Seattle, Washington; or any port in Alaska.
(e) Shipping requirements. The avocados must be moved either by air or ship and in a sealed container. The avocados may not be commingled in the same sealed container with articles that are intended for entry and distribution in any part of the United States other than Alaska. If the avocados arrive at either Portland, Oregon or Seattle, Washington, they may be transloaded only under the following conditions:
(1) Shipments by sea. The avocados may be transloaded from one ship to another ship at the port of arrival, provided they remain in the original sealed container and that APHIS inspectors supervise the transloading. If the avocados are stored before reloading, they must be kept in the original sealed container and must be in an area that is either locked or guarded at all times the avocados are present.
(2) Shipments by air. The avocados may be transloaded from one aircraft to another aircraft at the port of arrival, provided the following conditions are met:
(i) The transloading is done into sealable containers;
(ii) The transloading is carried out within the secure area of the airporti.e., that area of the airport that is open only to personnel authorized by the airport security authorities;
(iii) The area used for any storage of the shipment is within the secure area of the airport, and is either locked or guarded at all times the avocados are present. The avocados must be kept in a sealed container while stored in the continental United States en route to Alaska; and
(iv) APHIS inspectors supervise the transloading.
(3) Exceptions. No transloading other than that described in paragraphs (e) (1) and (2) of this section is allowed except under extenuating circumstances (such as equipment breakdown) and when authorized and supervised by an APHIS inspector.
(f) Limited permit. Shipments of avocados must be accompanied by a limited permit issued by an APHIS inspector in accordance with $318.13-4(c) of this subpart. The limited permit will be issued only if the inspector examines the shipment and determines that the shipment has been prepared in compliance with the provisions of this section.
8318.13 4i Administrative instruc
tions; conditions governing the movement of green bananas from
Hawaii. Green bananas (Musa spp.) of the cultivars “Williams,” “Valery," “Grand Nain,” and standard and dwarf "Brazilian” may be moved interstate from Hawaii with a certificate issued
accordance with 88 318.13–3 and 318.134 of this subpart if the bananas meet the following conditions:
(a) The bananas must be picked while green and packed for shipment within 24 hours after harvest. If the green bananas will be stored overnight during that 24-hour period, they must be stored in a facility that prevents access by fruit flies;
(b) No bananas from bunches containing prematurely ripe fingers (i.e., individual yellow bananas in a cluster of otherwise green bananas) may be harvested or packed for shipment;
(c) The bananas must be inspected by an inspector and found free of plant pests as well as any of the following defects: prematurely ripe fingers, fused fingers, or exposed flesh (not including fresh cuts made during the packing process); and
(d) The bananas must be safeguarded from fruit fly infestation from the time that they are packaged for shipment until they reach the port of arrival on the mainland United States. [63 FR 65648, Nov. 30, 1998]
[59 FR 66642, Dec. 28, 1994]
8318.13-4h Administrative instruc
tions; conditions governing the movement of the fruit of carambola
from Hawaii. (a) Subject to the requirements of 88 318.13–3 and 318.134 and any other applicable regulations,
the fruit of carambola may be moved interstate from Hawaii only if it is treated under the supervision of an inspector with a treatment authorized by the Administrator for the following pests: the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), the melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae), and the Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis).
(b) Treatments authorized by the Administrator are listed in the Plant Protection and Quarantine Treatment Manual, which is incorporated by reference at $300.1 of this chapter. [59 FR 48992, Sept. 26, 1994]
8318.13_5 Application for inspection.
Persons intending to move any articles that may be certified in accordance with the provisions of $318.13 4 shall make application for inspection or treatment on forms provided for this purpose as far as possible in advance of the contemplated date of shipment. They will also be required to prepare, handle, and safeguard such articles from infestation or reinfestation, and to assemble them at such points as the inspector may designate, placing them so that inspection may be readily made. Blank forms 6 for use in making applications for inspections will be furnished free upon request to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal
6 Form PQ-170.
and Plant Health Inspection Service, Honolulu, Hawaii.
(33 FR 14622, Oct. 1, 1968, as amended at 36 FR 24917, Dec. 24, 1971; 53 FR 12910, Apr. 20, 1988; 54 FR 391, Jan. 6, 1989; 55 FR 38979, Sept. 24, 1990]
8318.13-6 Container marking and
identity. Except as provided in $318.13–17(c) of this subpart, shipments of regulated articles moved in accordance with this subpart must have the following information clearly marked on each container, or, for shipments of multiple containers or bulk products, on the waybill, manifest, or bill of lading accompanying the articles: Nature and quantity contents; name and address of shipper, owner, or person shipping or forwarding the articles; name and address of consignee; shipper's identifying mark and number; and, the number of the certificate or limited permit authorizing movement, if one was issued.
in Hawaii without inspection or certification. Fruits, vegetables, and cut flowers that are so taken aboard such a carrier must be either (1) entirely consumed or removed from the aircraft moving from Hawaii to Guam, or the ship, vessel, or other surface craft before arrival within the territorial waters of the continental United States, Guam, Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands of the United States; or (2) in the case of a surface carrier, retained aboard such carrier under seal or otherwise disposed of subject to safeguards equivalent to those imposed on other prohibited or restricted products by $352.10 (b) and (c) of this chapter.
[24 FR 10777, Dec. 29, 1959, as an
at 31 FR 999, Jan. 26, 1966; 54 FR 3578, Jan. 25, 1989)
(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0579-0088) (58 FR 7959, Feb. 11, 1993, as amended at 59 FR 67133, Dec. 29, 1994)
8318.13–7 Products as ships' stores or
in the possession of passengers or
crew. (a) In the possession of passengers of crew members. Small quantities of fruits, vegetables, and cut flowers, subject to the quarantine and regulations in this subpart, when loose and free of packing materials, may be taken aboard any aircraft moving to Guam, ship, vessel, or other surface craft by passengers or members of the crew without inspection and certification in Hawaii. However, if such articles so taken aboard, are not eligible for inspection and certification under $318.13-4(a), they must be entirely consumed or disposed of before arrival within the territorial waters of the continental United States, Guam, Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands of the United States.
(b) As ship's stores or decorations. Fruits, vegetables, and cut flowers subject to the quarantine and regulations in this subpart may be taken aboard an aircraft moving from Hawaii to Guam, or a ship, vessel, or other surface craft
8318.13-8 Articles and persons subject
to inspection. Persons, means of conveyance (including ships, other ocean-going craft, and aircraft), baggage, cargo, and any other articles, that are destined for movement, are moving, or have been moved from Hawaii to the continental United States, Guam, Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands of the United States are subject to agricultural inspection at the port of departure, the port of arrival, and/or any other authorized port. If an inspector finds any article prohibited movement by the quarantine and regulations of this subpart, he or she, taking the least drastic action, shall order the return of the article to the place of origin, or the exportation of the article, under safeguards satisfactory to him or her, or otherwise dispose of it, in whole or part, to comply with the quarantine and regulations of this subpart.
(54 FR 3578, Jan. 25, 1989, as amended at 58 FR 7959, Feb. 11, 1993]
$318.139 Inspection of means of con
veyance. (a) Inspection of aircraft prior to departure. No person shall move any aircraft from Hawaii to the continental United States, Puerto Rico, or the Virgin Islands of the United States, unless the person moving the aircraft has contacted an inspector and offered the inspector the opportunity to inspect the