Heterogeneous Wastes Characterization: Methods and Recommendations
CRC Press, 1992 M11 18 - 176 pages
Heterogenous Wastes Characterization Methods and Recommendations addresses the problems faced by investigators when attempting to characterize heterogenous wastes contaminated with hazardous chemicals and/or radionuclides. The book is the result of a workshop conducted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy to devise methods for cleaning up waste sites, including landfills and drum dumps, where these chemicals have been spilled or improperly stored. The book summarizes study planning tools, sampling design strategies, and field and laboratory methods now in use. It also identifies the advantages and disadvantages of each method. In addition, the book identifies areas that would benefit from methodological research or development or the adoption of new approaches. Pertinent regulatory definitions have been assembled and augmented with practical working definitions.
Heterogenous Wastes Characterization Methods and Recommendations is essential for personnel who work with hazardous wastes or in sanitary engineering firms.
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Introduction Gretchen Rupp
Definitions Fred Haeberer and Jeff van
Planning the Study Leon Borgman Charlotte Kimbrough
QAQC and Data Quality Assessment Jeff van Ee and Roy R Jones
Sample Acquisition Janet Angert Alan Crockett and Timothy Lewis
Characterization of Uncontained Heterogeneous Wastes
Characterization of Contained Heterogeneous Wastes
Treatment After Minimal Evaluation
Analytical Laboratory Requirements Clare Gerlach Wayne McMahon
The Larger Perspective Roy R Jones Sr
Drum Characterization Tom Starks
Appendix B A Survey of Available Statistical Techniques Leon Borgman
Common terms and phrases
action activities addition Agency allow analysis analytical application approach appropriate assessment batches bias Chapter chemical collection concentration concern confidence contamination contents cost decision definitions detection determine developed discussed disposal document drums elements Environmental EPA 40 CFR error established estimate evaluation example extraction facility field handling hazardous waste heterogeneous waste homogeneous identified important introduced involved laboratory landfill less limits liquid Management materials mean measurement metals methods monitoring needed objectives obtained operations organic particular performed phases planning population possible potential preparation present probability problems procedures QA/QC question radiation radioactive random RCRA References regulations reported representative sample sample mean screening selected separate solid specific standard statistical step subsampling surface taken techniques Technology types variability variance various volatile waste characterization