Page images
PDF
EPUB

626, fruit $751,835 and other agricultural products, primary and · secondary, not included under the head of corn, $626,119.

The total farm value of the products used in the production of fermented liquors was $87,520,287 or 77.1 per cent. of the total amount used for the production of alcoholic beverages of all kinds, and that of the products used in the production of distilled spirits $25,993,684, or 22.9 per cent.

The farm values of the quantities used in each state are shown for fermented liquors in Table II and for distilled spirits in Table III, the totals of the two tables being combined in Table IV. These tables are based on the annual reports of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue for 1913 and previous years, the Year Books of the Department of Agriculture for corresponding periods, and the reports of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Censuses.

By dividing the totals of the various columns in Table II by 65,324,876, the number of barrels of fermented liquors produced during the year, it is found that the average barrel of beer yielded the farmer $133.98, being 79.58 cents for barley, 23.97 cents for corn, 1.33 cents for wheat, 11.16 cents for rice, 17.08 cents for hops and 0.86 cents for other products. These amounts do not include transportation, commission, insurance or, in the case of barley, the cost of malting, but, as already stated, are the net prices received by the growers.

COST OF FARM LABOR

The reports of the last United States Census (see volume V, pp. 560-564) show the amount expended for farm labor to have averaged 11.88 per cent. of the total value of the crops produced. Applying this ratio to the $113,513,971 worth of farm products used by brewers and distillers in 1913, it will be seen that their production involved a total payment for farm labor amounting to $13,485,460, a sum sufficient for the employment of 74,919 persons for six months at an average wage of $30 per month.

THE MARKET AND THE FUTURE

It will be seen from Table IV that there are three states (New York, Pennsylvania and Illinois) in each of which between ten and twenty millions dollars' worth of farm products were used in the production of distilled spirits and fermented liquors in 1913; five states (Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, Wisconsin and Missouri) in which the quantity so used represented a farm value of between five million and ten million dollars, and nine (Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Louisiana, Washington and California) in which it ranged from one million to five million dollars. While these States led all their sister States in the use of grain and other farm products in the production of alcoholic liquors, not any of them were fully equal to supplying their own requirements. All of them, without exception, were de

, pendent on other States for one or another of the materials usedin many cases for malt or malting barley, in others for rye, in nearly all for hops and rice.

There is, in fact, no state that does not share in the immense benefit accruing to the agricultural industry from the large annual consumption of farm products by brewers and distillers. A State may even have few or no breweries or distilleries within its own borders, and yet the annual value of its farm products is increased by reason of the never-failing requirements of the liquor industry as inevitably and unmistakably as it would be by the opening of a new market for one hundred and thirteen million dollars' worth of similar products.

What, then, it may well be asked, would be the effect upon the agricultural industry of the closing of this great and ever-growing market, a market that can always be relied upon for stability and uniformity. (The per capita consumption of both tea and coffee varies more widely from year to year than does that of spirits or fermented liquors. See Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1913, pp. 512, 516.) While the farm products used in the production of spirits and fermented liquors are of so diversified a character that, as already pointed out, the entire country shares in the benefit that comes from there being a constant market for between one hundred and ten and one hundred and twenty million dollars' worth annually, their production is at the same time so localized that its extinction would fall upon certain sections of the country with all the weight of a calamity. If one crop could be readily substituted for another, even in that case the economic disturbance that would result would be more or less serious. But it is only within comparatively narrow limits that such substitution can be made. Peculiarities of soil and still more of climate determine where barley and hops and rice and sugar shall be grown, and not cotton or wheat or something else.

The American farmer is not wanting in resourcefulness, but it would not be without grave embarrassment and heavy financial loss that he would find himself deprived of a market for products that within the next two or three years will be worth, at the present rate of increase, $125,000,000 per annum.

TABLE No. II.-Farm Values of Agricultural Products Used in the Production of Fermented Liquors in the United States During

Rice

Hops

Other
Agricultural
Products

Total

598

78

271
17,761

5,180
10,457
1,940
3,546
1,884

337

362
88,536
22,600

6,438
10,928
7,211

5
15,157
33,803
26,711
21,725
55,462
3,576
5,884

the Fiscal Year 1913.

STATES AND TERRITORIES

Barley

1 Corn

Wheat

Alabama..
Alaska..
Arizona..
California..
Colorado.
Connecticut..
Delaware.
District of Columbia.
Georgia..
Hawaii.
Idaho.
Illinois.
Indiana..
Iowa..
Kentucky
Louisiana.
Maine..
Maryland..
Massachusetts.
Michigan..
Minnesota.
Missouri..
Montana.
Nebraska.
Nevada..
New Hampshire.
New Jersey.

Dollars
35,766

4,688

16,242
1,062,710

309,930
625,688
116,099
212,136
112,697
20,171

21,655
5,297,300
1,352,237
385,223
653,836
431,431

286
906,875
2,022,541
1,598,201
1,299,852
3,318,429
213,944
352,039

12,271
229,985
2,810,354

Dollars
10,773
1,412

4,892
320,107

93,356
188,468
34,971
63,899
33,946
6,076

6,523
1,595,640
407,318
116,036
196,947
129,955

86
273,167
609,225
481,407
391,538
999,569

64,444
106,040

3,696
69,276
846,528

Dollars

205 3,844 46,971

Dollars

5,016

658
2,278
149,036
43,465
87,748
16,282
29,750
15,805
2,829

3,029
742,902
189,640
54,024
91,695
60,505

40
127,182
283,644
224,134
182,293
465,382
30,004
49,371

1,721
32,254
394,128

Dollars

7,677
1,006

3,486
228,095

66,522
134,294
24,919
45,532
24,189
4,330

4,648
1,136,986
290,238

82,683
140,337
92,601

62
194,648
434,108
343,030
278,994
712,251
45,920
75,560

2,634
49,363
603,201

Dollars

387

51

176
11,485
3,350
6,762
1,255
2,293
1,218
218

234
57,249
14,614
4,163
7,066
4,663

3
9,801
21,858
17,272
14,048
35,863
2,312
3,805

133
2,485
30,372

Dollars

60,217

7,893
27,345
1,789,194

521,803
1,053,417

195,466
357,156
189,739
33,961

36,431
8,918,613
2,276,647

648,567
1,100,809
726,366

482
1,526,830
3,405,179
2,690,755
2,188,450
5,586,956

360,200
592,699

20,660
387,207
4,731,554

TABLE No. II (Continued).-Farm Values of Agricultural Products Used in the Production of Fermented Liquors in the United States

During the Fiscal Year 1913.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

1 Includes the equivalent in corn, at its farm value, of corn sugar, corn syrup, and other corn products used in brewing. TABLE No. III.--Farm Values of Agricultural Products Used in the Production of Distilled Spirits in the United States During the Fiscal

Year 1913.

[blocks in formation]

741,227 5,041,626 267,911
503,449 3,325,490 127,209
891,377 | 4,356,754 1,121,278
20

29
204,107 25,810 898,337

3,994 9,598 11,235

(1) 735,836

6,050,850
3,962,781
6,378,149

737,813
1,131,339

321,620

1,958
466

296,793
(1,2)

2,619
(1)
(1)
3,301

147

30

11,691 52,445 12,543
37,545 259,253

14,275
127,875 354,794 156,004
628

649
204,156 | 1,209,894 245,539
344,314 67,822 1,567,388

(1)
(1,3)
79,214

5,886
8,231

201
15,240

80,127
311,073

5,916
646,904

$1,729
1,676,805
2,010,824

128

1,037

1,976

216

237

30,847

(1)
(1)
(1, 4)

128

(1)

(1)

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

244,790
71,375

769
27,702

754,781

394

Barley

STATES AND TERRITORIES

Dollars
2,964
858

47
6,084
(1)
4,366

Alabama..
Arkansas
California..
Connecticut..
District of Columbia.
Florida.
Hawaii
Illinois
Indiana..
Kentucky
Louisiana.
Maryland..
Massachusetts.
Michigan
Missouri.
Nebraska.
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina.
Ohio.
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island.
South Carolina.
Tennessee.
Virginia.
Washington.
West Virginia
Wisconsin...
Other States and Territories.

(1)

(1)
30,911

10,843
63,816
62,684

Total..

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

(1) In conformity with the rule of the Census Bureau, values are not shown separately in the case of materials used only by one establishment in a State, but are included under “other States and Territories." (2) A distillery in this State is reported as having used 13,105,179 gallons of molasses during the year. (3) A distillery in this State is reported as having used 8,294,616 gallons of molasses during the year. (4) A distillery in this State is reported as having used 4,370,125 gallons of molasses during the year.

« PreviousContinue »