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under this act which it considers unnecessary or unreasonable. Regulations are to be in effect only until January 15, 1917. 1916 C 313.
Provision is made for an investigation by the State department of health of nonpulmonary tuberculosis with special reference to children and adolescents. This investigation is to determine the number of cases, the number of hospital beds now available for such cases and the number needed, and the department is to report to the legislature in January, 1917, its conclusions and recommendations with drafts of proposed legislation. Not exceeding $500 may be spent upon the investigation. 1916 Resolves C 62.
Mississippi.-An act for the prevention of infant blindness is passed, which provides that all cases of inflamed or sore eyes occurring at any time within two weeks after birth shall be reported within six hours by the physician, midwife; parent, or other person in attendance to the local health officer, who shall investigate the cases and report to the State board of health. The State is required to furnish, if necessary, daily inspection and gratuitous treatment. The act provides also for the free distribution of a scientific prophylactic with directions for use to all physicians and midwives; and the use of a prophylactic in the eyes of the new born is required in all cases of childbirth in a maternity home, hospital, or institution, and in every case under the care of a midwife. The State board of health is required to publish information on the subject and to furnish copies of the law to all physicians and midwives and may make further regulations to be followed by local health officers. An appropriation of $300 is made for the year 1916 and one of the same amount for the year 1917 for carrying out the provisions of the act. Failure to comply with any provision of the act constitutes a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of from $50 to $200.
1916 C 115.
New Jersey.-Municipalities are authorized to employ visiting
1916 C 202.
New York.-Any town containing a village which has no resident practicing physician within its boundaries or within a radius of 8 miles is authorized to appoint a town physician at a salary of not more than $1,000, to be paid from tax money, whose duty it shall be to render medical relief to poor persons within the town. If the physician is also a local health officer, he is to receive in addition to this salary the compensation fixed for a health officer.
1916 C 413 amending C L 1909 (Town) C 62 by adding s 142.
Philippine Islands.—The sum of 1,000,000 pesos ($500,000) is appropriated for a campaign to protect early infancy, to be conducted in cooperation with the Liga Nacional para la Protección de la Primera Infancia, and it is provided that officers and employees of the insular, provincial, and municipal governments, when so directed by the Governor General, shall serve gratuitously in connection with the work.
1916 No 2633.
Rhode Island.—The city of Providence is authorized to make an appropriation of $5,000 toward the support of the Providence District Nursing Association. 1916 C 1105.
South Carolina.—The State board of health is instructed to appoint a county health officer for Greenville County at a salary of $1,800, to be paid from the county funds. [Qualifications are not specified.] His duties include the examination of all children in the county under 12 years of age, unless they have been examined by a physician, to ascertain whether they have physical defects which might be remedied by treatment, and in case he discovers need of treatment the facts are to be communicated to the parents, guardian, or custodian of the child. The former health officer received a salary of $1,000. His specific duties did not include examination of children. 1916 No 399 repealing 1914 No 390.
The State board of health is required to make the Wassermann test free of charge.
1916 No 531.
United States.-Congress by special act incorporates the Boy Scouts of America, of which the purpose is stated as follows: To promote, through organization and through cooperation with other agencies, the ability of boys to do things for themselves and others; to train them in scoutcraft; and to teach them patriotism, courage, self-reliance, and kindred virtues, using the methods which are now in common use by Boy Scouts. The national organization was formerly a corporation under the laws of the District of Columbia. 39 Stat L C 148 p 227 (Act of June 15, 1916).
Louisiana.--In redrafting the school law provision is made [s 65] authorizing the Orleans Parish School Board to maintain playgrounds and social centers.
1916 A 120 repealing 1910 A 39 and 1912 A 214.
Maryland.—The mayor and city council of Baltimore are authorized to use the public-school buildings and other city property for any public purpose which will not materially interfere with the purpose for which such property was primarily designed.
1916 C 231 adding paragraph 32 to s 6 of Revised Charter of Baltimore city. See A C 1911 v 2 (1911) art 77 ss 121, 123.
In redrafting the school law for the State outside of Baltimore city, Maryland amends the provisions concerning the use of school buildings for other than school purposes by providing that when application is made by 25 citizens in the district for the use of a school building for a nonpartisan gathering for discussion of public questions, or for other civic, social, or recreational activities, the school authorities shall allow free use of buildings or grounds. The law formerly provided that school officials should “have authority to allow” such use.
1916 C 506 s 34 amending A C 1911 v 3 (1914) art 77 s 34.
Massachusetts.—The law permitting the use of school buildings in Boston for social and civic purposes is amended by eliminating the provision that in case of such use no admission fee shall be charged. This proviso had previously been eliminated from the law applying to the rest of the State.
1916 Special Acts ( 86 amending 1912 C 195 s 1. Compare 1913 ( 331 as amended by 1914 C 538.
New Jersey.-Any commission, board, or other local authority having control of parks, playgrounds, or other public property is specifically permitted to authorize their use for athletic purposes or as playgrounds, subject to reasonable regulation.
1916 ( 59. For former provision concerning playgrounds managed by board of playground commissioners, compare 1911 C 308.
New Jersey adds to the provision permitting the use of school buildings and grounds for social and recreational purposes specific permission to improve and equip school property for such purposes.
1916 C 227 amending 1913 C 309.
New York.-A specific provision concerning land for athletic fields and playgrounds is added to the law concerning the acquisition by villages of lands for parks and squares. Villages are also authorized to equip and maintain parks, athletic fields, or playgrounds on leased land. 1916 C 42 amending C L 1909 (Village) C 64 s 169.
Rhode Island. The school committee of Providence is authorized to permit the occasional use of school buildings for certain specified purposes, including civic, social, and recreational meetings and entertainments. No admission fee is to be charged unless the proceeds are for an educational purpose connected with the school, and no political or religious meeting is to be permitted. Formerly the use of such buildings was permitted only for activities under auspices of school committee or board of recreation.
1916 C 1414. See 1912 C 858 and 1913 C 980.
CHILD LABOR AND SCHOOL ATTENDANCE.
United States.—Congress enacts a Federal child-labor law, to be effective September 1, 1917, forbidding the shipment in interstate or foreign commerce of the product of a manufacturing establishment or of a mine or quarry in the United States in which, within 30 days prior to the removal of the product from such establishment, mine, or quarry, children have been employed contrary to the following provisions: (1) No child under 14 to be employed at any time in any mill, cannery, workshop, factory, or manufacturing establishment; (2) no child between the ages of 14 and 16 years to be employed in establishments specified in (1) more than eight hours in iny day, or more than six days in any week, or between 7 p. m. and 6 a. m.; (3) no child under 16 to be employed at any time in any mine or quarry. The Attorney General, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Secretary of Labor constitute a board to make regulations for carrying out the provisions of the act. The Secretary of Labor and his deputies have authority to inspect at any time establishments covered by the act. A dealer is protected from prosecution by establishing a guaranty issued by the manufacturer or producer. The producer, manufacturer, or dealer is protected from prosecution for violation if at the time of employment of the child the producer or manufacturer had in good faith procured and has since kept on file. a certificate issued according to regulations of the board (of Secretaries), showing the child to be of such an age that shipment of the product was not prohibited. The board may designate States in which an employment certificate issued under State law shall be accepted as fulfilling this provision.
The district attorney is to cause proceedings to be commenced in a Federal court for the enforcement of the penalties provided by the act upon receiving a report of a violation from the Secretary of Labor or upon receiving satisfactory evidence of violation from any State factory or mining or quarry inspector, State medical inspector, school-attendance officer, or any other person.
The penalty for violation, including obstruction of entry or inspection authorized by the act, is as follows: For each offense prior to first conviction, a fine of not more than $200; for each offense subse
quent to first conviction, a fine of from $100 to $1,000, or imprisonment for not more than three months, or both. 39 Stat L C 432 p 675 (Act of Sept 1, 1916).
The Adamson Act provides that in contracts for labor and service eight hours shall be deemed a day's work and the measure or standard of a day's work for the purpose of reckoning compensation of all employees (whether minors or adults] actually engaged in the operation of trains used for the transportation of persons or property on interstate railroads, except railroads independently owned and operated not exceeding 100 miles in length, electric street railroads, and electric interurban railroads. The President is to appoint a commission of three to observe during a period of six to nine months the operation of the eight-hour day, and within 30 days thereafter the commission shall report its findings to the President and Congress. The sum of $25,000 is appropriated for the necessary expenses of the commission. Pending their report and for 30 days thereafter the compensation of railroad employees subject to the act shall not be reduced below the present standard day's wage, and for all necessary time in excess of eight hours such employees shall be paid at a rate not less than the pro rata rate for such standard eight-hour workday. Violation of any provision constitutes a misdemeanor, punishable by fine of from $100 to $1,000, or by imprisonment not to exceed one year, or by both. 39 Stat L C 436 p 721 (Act of Sept 3, 5, 1916).
Congress amends the act limiting the hours of service for employees (whether minors or adults] upon interstate railroads to not more than 16 hours' continuous service with 10 consecutive hours off duty, by making the penalty for violation a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $500, instead of “not to exceed $500," as formerly.
39 Stat L C 109 p 61 (Act of May 4, 1916) amending 34 Stat L C 2939 s 3 p 1415 (Act of Mar 4, 1907).
Georgia. The commissioner of commerce and labor is given authority to appoint one factory inspector to aid in the enforcement of the child-labor law and such other laws as may come under jurisdiction of the department of commerce and labor. Formerly there was no specific provision for appointment of factory inspectors. 1916 No 547 p 113. See Code 1914 (Political) s 2141.
Kentucky.—The child-labor law is amended by the addition of a provision that “nothing in this act shall prevent” employment of children under 16 not residents of the State to perform in a duly licensed theater, provided the child is accompanied to and from the theater by a parent, guardian, or other adult custodian who remains in the wings during the performance. The law to which this proviso