« PreviousContinue »
the Administrator at any time upon his own motion or upon written request of any interested person setting forth reasonable grounds therefor. Before taking such action, the Administrator shall afford opportunity to interested persons to present their views and shall give consideration to any relevant information that they may present.
As used in this part:
(a) Secretary means the Secretary of Labor.
(b) Administrator means the Administrator of the Wage and Hour Division, United States Department of Labor.
(c) Finding means a finding made pursuant to section 13(b)(11) of the Fair Labor Standards Act as provided in this part.
(d) Making local deliveries includes the activities customarily and regularly performed in the physical transfer, to customers of a business establishment situated within the rural or urban community or metropolitan area in which the establishment is located, of goods sold or otherwise disposed of to such local customers by such establishment. Included are activities performed by the driver or driver's helpers as an incident to or in conjunction with making such deliveries, such as picking up and returning the delivery vehicle at the beginning and end of the workday, cleaning the vehicle, checking it to see that it is in operating condition, loading and unloading or assisting in loading or unloading the goods, and picking up empty containers or other goods from customers for return to the establishment. Not included in the making of local deliveries are such transportation as the carriage of passengers; the transportation of any load of goods that would normally require a round trip longer than a single workday for delivery and return to the starting point; any movement of goods which does not accomplish a transfer of possession from one person to another; transportation of goods as a part of a process of production; and transportation of goods within a local community or metropolitan area as an integral
part of a carriage of such goods from a point outside such community or area to a destination within it, rather than as a part of the activities customarily performed in making local deliveries, as defined in this section, in the same manner as deliveries of goods held locally for local disposition.
(e) Employee employed as a driver or driver's helper making local deliveries includes any employee who is employed in any workweek:
(1) To drive a delivery vehicle used in making local deliveries, or
(2) To assist the driver of such a vehicle in making such deliveries, being required to ride on the vehicle to perform such work,
and whose work in making local deliveries, as defined in paragraph (d) of this section, accounts for at least 80 percent of his hours of work in such workweek. In making and applying any finding as provided in this part, no employee shall be considered to be employed as a driver or driver's helper making local deliveries in any workweek when more than 20 percent of his hours of work results from the performance of duties other than those included in making such local deliveries.
(f) A plan of compensation on the basis of trip rates or other delivery payment plan means any plan whereby employees employed as drivers or drivers' helpers making local deliveries are compensated for their employment on a basis such that the amount of payment which they receive is governed in substantial part by a system of wage payments based on units of work measurement such as numbers of trips taken, miles driven, stops made, or units of goods delivered (but not including any plan based solely on the number of hours worked) so that there is a substantial inducement to employees to minimize the number of hours worked.
(g) For purposes of determining whether and to what extent a plan of compensation on the basis of trip rates or other delivery payment plan has the effect of reducing the weekly hours worked by employees employed by an employer as drivers or drivers'
helpers making local deliveries pursuant to such plan:
(1) The most recently completed representative period of one year (§ 551.2(c)) or most recent representative annual period (§ 551.5(b)(3)) shall mean a one-year period within which such employees were so employed on a regular full-time basis by such employer (or, if such employer has not previously used such plan, by another employer using the plan under substantially the same conditions, which period shall include a calendar or fiscal quarter-year ending not more than four months prior to the date as of which the effect of such plan is to be considered, together with the three quarter-year periods immediately preceding such recently completed quarter-year; and
(2) The average weekly hours or average workweek of the full-time employees so employed during such annual period shall mean the number of hours obtained by the following computation: (i) All the hours worked during such annual period by all the full-time employees regularly employed under the plan shall be totaled; (ii) the number of workweeks worked by each such employee during such annual period under such plan shall be computed, and the totals added together; and (iii) the average weekly hours, taken in the aggregate, of all such employees shall be computed by dividing the sum resulting from computation (i) by the sum resulting from computation (ii).
§ 551.9 Recordkeeping requirements.
The records which must be kept and the computations which must be made with respect to employees for whom the overtime pay exemption under section 13(b)(11) is taken are specified in § 516.15 of this chapter.
[35 FR 17841, Nov. 20, 1970]
552.99 Basis for coverage of domestic service employees.
552.100 Application of minimum wage and overtime provisions.
552.101. Domestic service employment. 552.102 Live-in domestic service employees. 552.103 Babysitting services in general. 552.104 Babysitting services performed on a casual basis.
552.105 Individuals performing babysitting services in their own homes.
552.106 Companionship services for the aged or infirm.
552.107 Yard maintenance workers. 552.108 Child labor provisions. 552.109 Third party employment. 552.110 Recordkeeping requirements.
AUTHORITY: Sec. 13(a)(15) of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as amended (29 U.S.C. 213(a)(15)), 88 Stat. 62; sec. 29(b) of the Fair Labor Standards Amendments of 1974 (Pub. L. 93-259, 88 Stat. 76), unless otherwise noted.
SOURCE: 40 FR 7405, Feb. 20, 1975, unless otherwise noted.
Subpart A-General Regulations
§ 552.1 Terms used in regulations.
(a) Administrator means the Administrator of the Wage and Hour Division, U.S. Department of Labor, or the Administrator's authorized representa
(b) Act means the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended.
§ 552.2 Purpose and scope.
(a) This part provides necessary rules for the application of the Act to domestic service employment in accordance with the following amendments made by the Fair Labor Stand
ards Amendments of 1974, 88 Stat. 55, et seq.
(b) Section 2(a) of the Act finds that the "employment of persons in domestic service in households affects commerce." Section 6(f) extends the minimum wage protection under section 6(b) to employees employed as domestic service employees under either of the following circumstances:
(1) If the employee's compensation for such services from his employer would constitute wages under section 209(g) of title II of the Social Security Act, that is, if the compensation paid in cash during a calendar year totaled $50 or more or
(2) If the employee was employed in such domestic service work by one or more employers for more than 8 hours in the aggregate in any workweek. Section 7(1) extends generally the protection of the overtime provisions of section 7(a) to such domestic service employees. Section 13(a)(15) provides both a minimum wage and overtime exemption for "employees employed on a casual basis in domestic service employment to provide babysitting services" and for domestic service employees employed" to provide companionship services for individuals who (because of age or infirmity) are unable to care for themselves." Section 13(b)(21) provides an overtime exemption for domestic service employees who reside in the household in which they are employed.
(c) The definitions required by section 13(a)(15) are contained in §§ 552.3, 552.4, 552.5 and 552.6.
(Sec. 29(b), 88 Stat. 76; (29 U.S.C. 206(f)); Secretary's Order No. 16-75, dated Nov 25, 1975 (40 FR 55913), and Employment Standards Order No. 76-2, dated Feb. 23, 1976 (41 FR 9016))
[40 FR 7405, Feb. 20, 1975, as amended at 44 FR 37221, June 26, 1979]
§ 552.3 Domestic service employment.
As used in section 13(a)(15) of the Act, the term domestic service employment refers to services of a household nature performed by an employee in or about a private home (permanent or temporary) of the person by whom he or she is employed. The term includes employees such as cooks, waiters, butlers, valets, maids, housekeep
ers, governesses, nurses, janitors, laundresses, caretakers, handymen, gardeners, footmen, grooms, and chauffeurs of automobiles for family use. It also includes babysitters employed on other than a casual basis. This listing is illustrative and not exhaustive.
§ 552.4 Babysitting services.
As used in section 13(a)(15) of the Act, the term babysitting services shall mean the custodial care and protection, during any part of the 24-hour day, of infants or children in or about the private home in which the infants or young children reside. The term "babysitting services" does not include services relating to the care and protection of infants or children which are performed by trained personnel, such as registered, vocational, or practical nurses. While such trained personnel do not qualify as babysitters, this fact does not remove them from the category of a covered domestic service employee when employed in or about a private household.
§ 552.5 Casual basis.
As used in section 13(a)(15) of the Act, the term casual basis, when applied to babysitting services, shall mean employment which is irregular or intermittent, and which is not per. formed by an individual whose vocation is babysitting. Casual babysitting services may include the performance of some household work not related to caring for the children: Provided, however, That such work is incidental, i.e., does not exceed 20 percent of the total hours worked on the particular babysitting assignment.
Companionship services for the aged or infirm.
As used in section 13(a)(15) of the Act, the term companionship services shall mean those services which provide fellowship, care, and protection for a person who, because of advanced age or physical or mental infirmity, cannot care for his or her own needs. Such services may include household work related to the care of the aged or infirm person such as meal preparation, bed making, washing of clothes, and other similar services. They may
also include the performance of general household work: Provided, however, That such work is incidental, i.e., does not exceed 20 percent of the total weekly hours worked. The term "companionship services" does not include services relating to the care and protection of the aged or infirm which require and are performed by trained personnel, such as a registered or practical nurse. While such trained personnel do not qualify as companions, this fact does not remove them from the category of covered domestic service employees when employed in or about a private household.
Any person wishing a revision of any of the terms of the foregoing regulations may submit in writing to the Administrator a petition setting forth the changes desired, the reasons for proposing the specified changes, and his or her interest in the matter. No particular form of petition is required. If, upon inspection of the petition, the Administrator believes that reasonable cause for amendment of the regulations is set forth, the Administrator will either schedule a hearing with due notice to interested parties, or will make other provision for affording interested parties an opportunity to present their views, either in support of or in opposition to the proposed changes.
§ 552.99 Basis for coverage of domestic service employees.
Congress in section 2(a) of the Act specifically found that the employment of persons in domestic service in households affects commerce. In the legislative history it was pointed out that employees in domestic service employment handle goods such as soaps, mops, detergents, and vacuum cleaners that have moved in or were produced for interstate commerce and also that they free members of the household to themselves to engage in activities in interstate commerce (S. Rep. 93-690, pp. 21-22). The Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare "took note of the expanded use of the interstate
commerce clause by the Supreme Court in numerous recent cases (particularly Katzenbach v. McClung, 379 U.S. 294 (1964))," and concluded "that coverage of domestic employees is a vital step in the direction of ensuring that all workers affecting interstate commerce are protected by the Fair Labor Standards Act" (S. Rep. 93-690, pp. 21-22).
§ 552.100 Application of minimum wage and overtime provisions.
(a)(1) Domestic service employees must receive for employment in any household a minimum wage of not less than:
$1.90 an hour beginning May 1, 1974, $2.00 an hour beginning January 1, 1975, $2.20 an hour beginning January 1, 1976, $2.30 an hour beginning January 1, 1977, $2.65 an hour beginning January 1, 1978, $2.90 an hour beginning January 1, 1979, $3.10 an hour beginning January 1, 1980, and
$3.35 an hour after December 31, 1980.
(2) In addition, domestic service employees who work more than 40 hours in any one workweek for the same employer must be paid overtime compensation at a rate not less than one and one-half times the employee's regular rate of pay for such excess hours, unless the employee is one who resides. in the employer's household. In the case of employees who reside in the household where they are employed, section 13(b)(21) of the Act provides an overtime, but not a minimum wage, exemption. See § 552.102.
(b) In meeting the wage responsibilities imposed by the Act, employers may take appropriate credit for the reasonable cost or fair value, as determined by the Administrator, of food, lodging and other facilities customarily furnished to the employee by the employer such as drugs, cosmetics, drycleaning, etc. See S. Rep. 93-690, p. 19, and section 3(m) of the Act. Credit may be taken for the reasonable cost or fair value of these facilities only when the employee's acceptance of them is voluntary and uncoerced. See regulations, part 531. Where uniforms are required by the employer, the cost of the uniforms and their care may not be included in such credit.
(c) For enforcement purposes, the Administrator will accept a credit taken by the employer of $0.75 for breakfast (if furnished), $1.00 for lunch (if furnished), and $1.25 for dinner (if furnished), which meal credits do not exceed $3.00 a day. Nothing herein shall prevent employers from crediting themselves with the actual cost or fair value of furnishing meals, as determined in accordance with part 531 of this chapter, if such cost or fair value is different from the meal credits specified above: Provided, however, That employers keep, maintain and preserve (for a period of 3 years) the records on which they rely to justify such different cost figures.
(d) In the case of lodging furnished to live-in domestic service employees, the Administrator will accept a credit taken by the employer of $15 a week. Nothing herein shall prevent employers from crediting themselves with the actual cost or fair value of furnishing lodging, as determined in accordance with part 531 of this chapter, if such cost or fair value is different from the amount specified above, provided however, that employers keep, maintain, and preserve (for a period of 3 years) the records on which they rely to justify such different cost figures. In determining reasonable cost or fair value, the regulations and rulings in 29 CFR part 531 are applicable.
(Sec. 29(b), 88 Stat. 76; (29 U.S.C. 206(f)); Secretary's Order No. 16-75, dated Nov. 25, 1975 (40 FR 55913), and Employment Standards Order No. 76-2, dated Feb. 23, 1976 (41 FR 9016))
[40 FR 7405, Feb. 20, 1975, as amended at 44 FR 6716, Feb. 2, 1979]
§ 552.101 Domestic service employment.
(a) The definition of domestic service employment contained in § 552.3 is derived from the regulations issued under the Social Security Act (20 CFR 404.1027(j)) and from "the generally accepted meaning" of the term. Accordingly, the term includes persons who are frequently referred to as "private household workers." See S. Rep. 93-690, p. 20. The domestic service must be performed in or about the private home of the employer whether that home is a fixed place of abode or a temporary dwelling as in the case of
an individual or family traveling on vacation. A separate and distinct dwelling maintained by an individual or a family in an apartment house, condominium or hotel may constitute a private home.
(b) Employees employed in dwelling places which are primarily rooming or boarding houses are not considered domestic service employees. The places where they work are not private homes but commercial or business establishments. Likewise, employees employed in connection with a business or professional service which is conducted in a home (such as a real estate, doctor's, dentist's or lawyer's office) are not domestic service employees.
(c) In determining the total hours worked, the employer must include all time the employee is required to be on the premises or on duty and all time the employee is suffered or permitted to work. Special rules for live-in domestic service employees are set forth in § 552.102.
§ 552.102 Live-in domestic service employ
(a) Domestic service employees who reside in the household where they are employed are entitled to the same minimum wage as domestic service employees who work by the day. However, section 13(b)(21) provides an exemption from the Act's overtime requirements for domestic service employees who reside in the household where employed. But this exemption does not excuse the employer from paying the live-in worker at the applicable minimum wage rate for all hours worked. In determining the number of hours worked by a live-in worker, the employee and the employer may exclude, by agreement between themselves, the amount of sleeping time, meal time and other periods of complete freedom from all duties when the employee may either leave the premises or stay on the premises for purely personal pursuits. For periods of free time (other than those relating to meals and sleeping) to be excluded from hours worked, the periods must be of sufficient duration to enable the employee to make effective use of the