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SEC. 16. [42 U.S.C. 1875] To enable the Foundation to carry out its powers and duties, only such sums may be appropriated as the Congress may authorize by law.


Act of March 2, 1867

AN ACT To incorporate the Howard University in the District of Columbia

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there be established, and is hereby established, in the District of Columbia, a university for the education of youth in the liberal arts and sciences, under the name, style, and title of "The Howard University."

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That Samuel C. Pomeroy, Charles B. Boynton, Oliver O. Howard, Burton C. Cook, Charles H. Howard, James B. Hutchinson, Henry A. Brewster, Benjamin F. Morris, Danforth B. Nichols, William G. Finney, Roswell H. Stevens, E. M. Cushman, Hiram Barber, E. W. Robinson, W. F. Bascom, J. B. Johnson, and Silas L. Loomis, be, and they are hereby, declared to be a body politic and corporate, with perpetual succession in deed or in law to all intents and purposes whatsoever, by the name, style, and title of "The Howard University," by which name and title they and their successors shall be competent, at law and in equity, to take to themselves and their successors, for the use of said university, any estate whatsoever in any messuage, lands, tenements, hereditaments, goods, chattels, moneys, and other effects, by gift, devise, grant, donation, bargain, sale, conveyance, assurance, or will; and the same to grant, bargain, sell, transfer, assign, convey, assure, devise, declare, to use and farm let, and to place out on interest, for the use of said university, in such manner as to them, or a majority of them, shall be deemed most beneficial to said institution; and to receive the same, their rents, issues, and profits, income and interest, and to apply the same for the proper use and benefit of said university; and by the same name to sue and be sued, to implead and be imple[a]ded, in any courts of law and equity, in all manner of suits, actions, and proceedings whatsoever, and generally by and in the same name to do and transact all and every the business touching or concerning the premises: Provided, That the same do not exceed the value of fifty thousand dollars net annual income, over and above and exclusive of the receipts for the education and support of the students of said university.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the first meeting of said corporators shall be holden at the time and place at which a majority of the persons herein above named shall assemble for that purpose; and six days' notice shall be given each of said corporators, at which meeting said corporators may enact by-laws not inconsistent with the laws of the United States regulating the government of the corporation.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the government of the university shall be vested in a board of trustees, of not less than thirteen members, who shall be elected by the corporators at their first meeting. Said board of trustees shall have perpetual succession in deed or in law, and in them shall be vested the power hereinbefore granted to the corporation. They shall adopt a common seal, which they may alter at pleasure, under and by which all deeds, diplomas, and acts of the university shall pass and be authenticated. They shall elect a president, a secretary, and a treasurer. The treasurer shall give such bonds as the board of trustees may direct. The said board shall also appoint the professors and tutors, prescribing the number, and determining the amount of their respective salaries. They shall also appoint such other officers, agents, or employees, as the wants of the university may from time to time demand, in all cases fixing their compensation. All meetings of said board may be called in such manner as the trustees shall prescribe, and nine of them so assembled shall constitute a quorum to do business, and a less number may adjourn from time to time.

SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That the university shall consist of the following departments, and such others as the board of trustees may establish: First, normal; second, collegiate; third, theological; fourth, law; fifth, medicine; sixth, agriculture.

SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That the immediate government of the several departments, subject to the control of the trustees, shall be entrusted to their respective faculties, but the trustees shall regulate the course of instruction, prescribe, with the advice of the professors, the necessary text-books, confer such degrees, and grant such diplomas as are usually conferred and granted in other universities.

SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That the board of trustees shall have power to remove any professor or tutor or other officers connected with the institution, when, in their judgment, the interest of the university shall require it.

SEC. 8. Annual appropriations are hereby authorized to aid in the construction, development, improvement, endowment, and maintenance of the university, no part of which shall be used for religious instruction. The university shall at all times be open to inspection by the Bureau of Education and shall be inspected by the said bureau at least once each year. An annual report making a full exhibit of the affairs of the university shall be presented to Congress each year in the report of the Bureau of Education. (20 U.S.C. 123)

SEC. 9. And be it further enacted, That no misnomer of the said corporation shall defeat or annul any donation, gift, grant, devise, or bequest to or from the said corporation.

SEC. 10. And be it further enacted, That the said corporation shall not employ its funds or income, or any part thereof in banking operations or for any purpose or object other than those expressed in the first section of this act; and that nothing in this act contained shall be so construed as to prevent Congress from altering, amending, or repealing the same.

Howard University Endowment Act



SEC. 201. [20 U.S.C. 130aa note] This title may be cited as the "Howard University Endowment Act".


SEC. 202. [20 U.S.C. 130aa] For purposes of this title

(1) the term "endowment fund" means a fund, or a tax exempt foundation, established and maintained by Howard University for the purpose of generating income for its support, but which shall not include real estate;

(2) the term "endowment fund corpus" means an amount equal to the grants awarded under this title plus an amount equal to such grants provided by Howard University;

(3) the term "endowment fund income" means an amount equal to the total value of the endowment fund established under this title minus the endowment fund corpus;


(4) the term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Education;

(5) the term "University" means the Howard University established by the Act of March 2, 1867.


SEC. 203. [20 U.S.C. 130aa-1] (a) The Secretary is authorized to establish an endowment program, in accordance with the provisions of this title, for the purpose of establishing or increasing endowment funds, providing additional incentives to promote fundraising activities, and encouraging independence and self-sufficiency at the University.

(b)(1) From the funds appropriated pursuant to this title for endowments in any fiscal year for the University, the Secretary is authorized to make grants to Howard University. The Secretary may enter into agreements with the University and include in any agreement made pursuant to this title such provisions deemed necessary by the Secretary to assure that the purposes of this title will be achieved.

(2) The University may receive a grant under this section only if it has deposited in the endowment fund established under this title an amount equal to such grant and has adequately assured the Secretary that it will administer the endowment fund in accordance with the requirements of this title. The source of funds for this institutional match shall not include Federal funds or funds derived from an existing endowment fund.

(3) The period of any grant under this section shall not exceed twenty years, and during such period the University shall not withdraw or expend any of its endowment fund corpus. Upon the expiration of any grant period, the University may use the endowment fund corpus plus any endowment fund income for any educational



SEC. 204. [20 U.S.C. 130aa-2] (a) The University shall invest its endowment fund corpus and endowment fund income in those low-risk instruments and securities in which a regulated insurance company may invest under the law of the District of Columbia, such as federally insured bank savings account or comparable interest bearing account, certificate of deposit, money market fund, mutual fund, or obligations of the United States.

(b) The University, in investing its endowment fund corpus and income, shall exercise the judgment and care, under circumstances then prevailing, which a person of prudence, discretion, and intelligence would exercise in the management of his own business affairs.


SEC. 205. [20 U.S.C. 130aa-3] (a) The University may withdraw and expend its endowment fund income to defray any expenses necessary to its operation, including expenses of operations and maintenance, administration, academic and support personnel, construction and renovation, community and student services programs, technical assistance, and research. No endowment fund income or corpus may be used for any type of support of the executive officers of the University or for any commercial enterprise or endeavor entered into after January 1, 1981. Except as provided in subsection (b), the University shall not, in the aggregate, withdraw or expend more than 50 per centum of the total aggregate endowment fund income earned prior to the time of withdrawal or expenditure.

(b) The Secretary is authorized to permit the University to withdraw or expend more than 50 per centum of its total aggregate endowment income whenever the University demonstrates such withdrawal or expenditure is necessary because of

(A) a financial emergency, such as a pending insolvency or temporary liquidity problem;

(B) a life-threatening situation occasioned by a natural disaster or arson; or

(C) another unusual occurrence or exigent circumstance. (c)(1) If the University withdraws or expends more than the endowment fund income authorized by this section, the University shall repay the Secretary an amount equal to 50 per centum of the amount improperly expended (representing the Federal share thereof).

(2) The University shall not withdraw or expend any endowment fund corpus. If the University withdraws or expends any endowment fund corpus, the University shall repay the Secretary an amount equal to 50 per centum of the amount withdrawn or ex

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