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(A) is a nonprofit organization that is described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such Code (or shall meet this criteria through affiliation with the national organization);
(B) is formed for the purpose of providing educational scholarships and academic support for residents of the local community served by such organization;
(C) solicits broad-based community support in its academic support and fund-raising activities;
(D) is broadly representative of the local community in the structures of its volunteer-operated organization and has a board of directors that includes leaders from local neighborhood organizations and neighborhood residents, such as school or college personnel, parents, students, community agency representatives, retirees, and representatives of the business community;
(E) awards scholarships without regard to age, sex, marital status, race, creed, color, religion, national origin, or disability; and
(F) gives priority to awarding scholarships for postsecondary education to deserving students from low-income families in the local community.
(3) NATIONAL ORGANIZATION.-The term "national organization" means an organization that—
(A) has the capacity to create, develop and sustain local entities and affiliated regional, State, or community program centers;
(B) has the capacity to sustain newly created local entities in towns, cities, and neighborhoods through ongoing training support programs;
(C) is described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such Code;
(D) is a publicly supported organization within the meaning of section 170(b)(1)(A)(iv) of such Code;
(E) ensures that each of the organization's local entities meet the criteria described in subparagraphs (C) and (D); and
(F) has a program for or experience in cooperating with secondary and postsecondary institutions in carrying out the organization's scholarship and academic support activities.
(4) HIGH POVERTY AREA. The term "high poverty area" means a community with a higher percentage of children from low-income families than the national average of such percentage and a lower percentage of children pursuing postsecondary education than the national average of such percentage.
(5) SECRETARY.-The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Education.
(6) STUDENTS FROM LOW-INCOME FAMILIES.-The term “students from low-income families" means students determined, pursuant to part F of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087kk et seq.), to be eligible for a Federal
Pell Grant under subpart 1 of part A of title IV of such Act (20
SEC. 814. [20 U.S.C. 1070 note] PURPOSE; ENDOWMENT GRANT AU
(a) PURPOSE.-It is the purpose of this part to establish and support regional, State or community program centers to enable such centers to foster the development of local entities in high poverty areas that promote higher education goals for students from low-income families by
(1) providing academic support, including guidance, counseling, mentoring, tutoring, and recognition; and
(2) providing scholarship assistance for the cost of postsecondary education.
(b) ENDOWMENT GRANT AUTHORITY.-From the funds appropriated pursuant to the authority of section 816, the Secretary shall award an endowment grant, on a competitive basis, to a national organization to enable such organization to support the establishment or ongoing work of regional, State or community program centers that foster the development of local entities in high poverty areas to improve secondary school graduation rates and postsecondary attendance through the provision of academic support services and scholarship assistance for the cost of postsecondary education.
SEC. 815. [20 U.S.C. 1070 note] GRANT AGREEMENT AND REQUIREMENTS.
(a) IN GENERAL.-The Secretary shall award one or more endowment grants described in section 814(b) pursuant to an agreement between the Secretary and a national organization. Such agreement shall
(1) require a national organization to establish an endowment fund in the amount of the grant, the corpus of which shall remain intact and the interest income from which shall be used to support the activities described in paragraphs (2) and (3);
(2) require a national organization to use 70 percent of the interest income from the endowment fund in any fiscal year to support the establishment or ongoing work of regional, State or community program centers to enable such centers to work with local communities to establish local entities in high poverty areas and provide ongoing technical assistance, training workshops, and other activities to help ensure the ongoing success of the local entities;
(3) require a national organization to use 30 percent of the interest income from the endowment fund in any fiscal year to provide scholarships for postsecondary education to students from low-income families, which scholarships shall be matched on a dollar-for-dollar basis from funds raised by the local entities;
(4) require that at least 50 percent of all the interest income from the endowment be allocated to establish new local entities or support regional, State or community program centers in high poverty areas;
(5) require a national organization to submit, for each fiscal year in which such organization uses the interest from the endowment fund, a report to the Secretary that contains
(A) a description of the programs and activities supported by the interest on the endowment fund;
(B) the audited financial statement of the national organization for the preceding fiscal year;
(C) a plan for the programs and activities to be supported by the interest on the endowment fund as the Secretary may require;
(D) an evaluation of the programs and activities supported by the interest on the endowment fund as the Secretary may require; and
(E) data indicating the number of students from lowincome families who receive scholarships from local entities, and the amounts of such scholarships;
(6) contain such assurances as the Secretary may require with respect to the management and operation of the endowment fund; and
(7) contain an assurance that if the Secretary determines that such organization is not in substantial compliance with the provisions of this part, then the national organization shall pay to the Secretary an amount equal to the corpus of the endowment fund plus any accrued interest on such fund that is available to the national organization on the date of such determination.
(b) RETURNED FUNDS.-All funds returned to the Secretary pursuant to subsection (a)(7) shall be available to the Secretary to carry out any scholarship or grant program assisted under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070 et seq.).
SEC. 816. [20 U.S.C. 1070 note] AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.
PART D-GRANTS TO STATES FOR WORKPLACE AND COMMUNITY TRANSITION TRAINING FOR INCARCERATED YOUTH OFFENDERS
SEC. 821. [20 U.S.C. 1151] GRANTS TO STATES FOR WORKPLACE AND COMMUNITY TRANSITION TRAINING FOR INCARCERATED YOUTH OFFENDERS.
(a) FINDINGS.-Congress makes the following findings:
(1) Over 150,000 youth offenders age 21 and younger are incarcerated in the Nation's jails, juvenile facilities, and pris
(2) Most youth offenders who are incarcerated have been sentenced as first-time adult felons.
(3) Approximately 75 percent of youth offenders are high school dropouts who lack basic literacy and life skills, have little or no job experience, and lack marketable skills.
(4) The average incarcerated youth has attended school only through grade 10.
(5) Most of these youths can be diverted from a life of crime into productive citizenship with available educational, vocational, work skills, and related service programs.
(6) If not involved with educational programs while incarcerated, almost all of these youths will return to a life of crime upon release.
(7) The average length of sentence for a youth offender is about 3 years. Time spent in prison provides a unique opportunity for education and training.
(8) Even with quality education and training provided during incarceration, a period of intense supervision, support, and counseling is needed upon release to ensure effective reintegration of youth offenders into society.
(9) Research consistently shows that the vast majority of incarcerated youths will not return to the public schools to complete their education.
(10) There is a need for alternative educational opportunities during incarceration and after release.
(b) DEFINITION.-For purposes of this part, the term "youth offender" means a male or female offender under the age of 25, who is incarcerated in a State prison, including a prerelease facility.
(c) GRANT PROGRAM. The Secretary of Education (in this section referred to as the "Secretary") shall establish a program in accordance with this section to provide grants to the State correctional education agencies in the States, from allocations for the States under subsection (i), to assist and encourage incarcerated youths to acquire functional literacy, life, and job skills, through the pursuit of a postsecondary education certificate, or an associate of arts or bachelor's degree while in prison, and employment counseling and other related services which start during incarceration and continue through prerelease and while on parole.
(d) APPLICATION. To be eligible for a grant under this section, a State correctional education agency shall submit to the Secretary a proposal for a youth offender program that
(1) identifies the scope of the problem, including the number of incarcerated youths in need of postsecondary education and vocational training;
(2) lists the accredited public or private educational institution or institutions that will provide postsecondary educational services;
(3) lists the cooperating agencies, public and private, or businesses that will provide related services, such as counseling in the areas of career development, substance abuse, health, and parenting skills;
(4) describes the evaluation methods and performance measures that the State correctional education agency will employ, which methods and measures
(A) shall be appropriate to meet the goals and objectives of the proposal; and
(B) shall include measures of
(i) program completion;
(ii) student academic and vocational skill attainment;
(iii) success in job placement and retention; and
(5) describes how the proposed programs are to be integrated with existing State correctional education programs (such as adult education, graduate education degree programs, and vocational training) and State industry programs;
(6) addresses the educational needs of youth offenders who are in alternative programs (such as boot camps); and
(7) describes how students will be selected so that only youth offenders eligible under subsection (f) will be enrolled in postsecondary programs.
(e) PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.-Each State correctional education agency receiving a grant under this section shall—
(1) integrate activities carried out under the grant with the objectives and activities of the school-to-work programs of such State, including—
(A) work experience or apprenticeship programs;
(B) transitional worksite job training for vocational education students that is related to the occupational goals of such students and closely linked to classroom and laboratory instruction;
(C) placement services in occupations that the students are preparing to enter;
(D) employment-based learning programs; and
(E) programs that address State and local labor shortages;
(2) annually report to the Secretary and the Attorney General on the results of the evaluations conducted using the methods and performance measures contained in the proposal; and
(3) provide to each State for each student eligible under subsection (f) not more than $1,500 annually for tuition, books, and essential materials, and not more than $300 annually for related services such as career development, substance abuse counseling, parenting skills training, and health education, for each eligible incarcerated youth.
(f) STUDENT ELIGIBILITY.-A youth offender shall be eligible for participation in a program receiving a grant under this section if the youth offender
(1) is eligible to be released within 5 years (including a youth offender who is eligible for parole within such time); and (2) is 25 years of age or younger.
(g) LENGTH OF PARTICIPATION.-A State correctional education agency receiving a grant under this section shall provide educational and related services to each participating youth offender for a period not to exceed 5 years, 1 year of which may be devoted to study in a graduate education degree program or to remedial education services for students who have obtained a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent. Educational and related services shall start during the period of incarceration in prison or prerelease and may continue during the period of parole.
(h) EDUCATION DELIVERY SYSTEMS.-State correctional education agencies and cooperating institutions shall, to the extent practicable, use high-tech applications in developing programs to meet the requirements and goals of this section.