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(7) Funds management, administrative management, and acquisition of equipment for use in strengthening funds management.
(8) Joint use of facilities, such as laboratories and libraries. (9) Establishing or improving a development office to strengthen or improve contributions from alumni and the pri
(10) Establishing or improving an endowment fund.
(11) Creating or improving facilities for Internet or other distance learning academic instruction capabilities, including purchase or rental of telecommunications technology equipment or services.
(12) Other activities proposed in the application submitted pursuant to subsection (c) that
(A) contribute to carrying out the purposes of the program assisted under this part; and
(B) are approved by the Secretary as part of the review and acceptance of such application.
(d) ENDOWMENT FUND.
(1) IN GENERAL.-An eligible institution may use not more than 20 percent of the grant funds provided under this part to establish or increase an endowment fund at such institution.
(2) MATCHING REQUIREMENT.—In order to be eligible to use grant funds in accordance with paragraph (1), the eligible institution shall provide matching funds from non-Federal sources, in an amount equal to or greater than the Federal funds used in accordance with paragraph (1), for the establishment or increase of the endowment fund.
(3) COMPARABILITY.-The provisions of part C, regarding the establishment or increase of an endowment fund, that the Secretary determines are not inconsistent with this subsection, shall apply to funds used under paragraph (1).
SEC. 312. [20 U.S.C. 1058] DEFINITIONS; ELIGIBILITY.
(a) EDUCATIONAL AND GENERAL EXPENDITURES.-For the purpose of this part, the term "educational and general expenditures" means the total amount expended by an institution of higher education for instruction, research, public service, academic support (including library expenditures), student services, institutional support, scholarships and fellowships, operation and maintenance expenditures for the physical plant, and any mandatory transfers which the institution is required to pay by law.
(b) ELIGIBLE INSTITUTION.-For the purpose of this part, the term "eligible institution" means
(1) an institution of higher education
(A) which has an enrollment of needy students as required by subsection (c) of this section;
(B) except as provided in section 392(b), the average educational and general expenditures of which are low, per full-time equivalent undergraduate student, in comparison with the average educational and general expenditures per full-time equivalent undergraduate student of institutions that offer similar instruction;
(C) which is
(i) legally authorized to provide, and provides within the State, an educational program for which such institution awards a bachelor's degree;
(ii) a junior or community college; or
(iii) the College of the Marshall Islands, the College of Micronesia/Federated States of Micronesia, and Palau Community College;
(D) which is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association determined by the Secretary to be reliable authority as to the quality of training offered or which is, according to such an agency or association, making reasonable progress toward accreditation;
(E) which meets such other requirements as the Secretary may prescribe; and
(F) located in a State; and
(2) any branch of any institution of higher education described under paragraph (1) which by itself satisfies the requirements contained in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of such paragraph.
For purposes of the determination of whether an institution is an eligible institution under this paragraph, the factor described under paragraph (1)(A) shall be given twice the weight of the factor described under paragraph (1)(B).
(c) ENDOWMENT FUND.-For the purpose of this part, the term "endowment fund” means a fund that—
(1) is established by State law, by an institution of higher education, or by a foundation that is exempt from Federal income taxation;
(2) is maintained for the purpose of generating income for the support of the institution; and
(3) does not include real estate.
(d) ENROLLMENT OF NEEDY STUDENTS.-For the purpose of this part, the term "enrollment of needy students” means an enrollment at an institution of higher education or a junior or community college which includes
(1) at least 50 percent of the degree students so enrolled who are receiving need-based assistance under title IV of this Act in the second fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the determination is being made (other than loans for which an interest subsidy is paid pursuant to section 428), or
(2) a substantial percentage of students receiving Pell Grants in the second fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which determination is being made, in comparison with the percentage of students receiving Pell Grants at all such institutions in the second fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the determination is made, unless the requirement of this subdivision is waived under section 392(a).
(e) FULL-TIME EQUIVALENT STUDENTS.-For the purpose of this part, the term "full-time equivalent students" means the sum of the number of students enrolled full time at an institution, plus the full-time equivalent of the number of students enrolled part time (determined on the basis of the quotient of the sum of the credit hours of all part-time students divided by 12) at such institution.
(f) JUNIOR OR COMMUNITY COLLEGE.-For the purpose of this part, the term "junior or community college" means an institution of higher education—
(1) that admits as regular students persons who are beyond the age of compulsory school attendance in the State in which the institution is located and who have the ability to benefit from the training offered by the institution;
(2) that does not provide an educational program for which it awards a bachelor's degree (or an equivalent degree); and (3) that
(A) provides an educational program of not less than 2 years that is acceptable for full credit toward such a degree, or
(B) offers a 2-year program in engineering, mathematics, or the physical or biological sciences, designed to prepare a student to work as a technician or at the semiprofessional level in engineering, scientific, or other technological fields requiring the understanding and application of basic engineering, scientific, or mathematical principles of knowledge.
(g) HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY.-For the purposes of this section, no historically black college or university which is eligible for and receives funds under part B of this title is eligible for or may receive funds under this part.
SEC. 313. [20 U.S.C. 1059] DURATION OF GRANT.
(a) AWARD PERIOD.-The Secretary may award a grant to an eligible institution under this part for 5 years.
(b) LIMITATIONS.-In awarding grants under this part the Secretary shall give priority to applicants who are not already receiving a grant under this part, except that for the purpose of this subsection a grant under subsection (c) and a grant under section 394(a)(1) shall not be considered a grant under this part.
(c) PLANNING GRANTS.-Notwithstanding subsection (a), the Secretary may award a grant to an eligible institution under this part for a period of one year for the purpose of preparation of plans and applications for a grant under this part.
(d) WAIT-OUT-PERIOD.-Each eligible institution that received a grant under this part for a 5-year period shall not be eligible to receive an additional grant under this part until 2 years after the date on which the 5-year grant period terminates.
SEC. 314. [20 U.S.C. 1059a] APPLICATIONS.
Each eligible institution desiring to receive assistance under this part shall submit an application in accordance with the requirements of section 391.
SEC. 315. [20 U.S.C. 1059b] GOALS FOR FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AND ACADEMIC PROGRAM.
(a) GOALS.-Any application for a grant under this part shall describe measurable goals for the institution's financial management and academic programs, and include a plan of how the applicant intends to achieve those goals.
(b) CONTINUATION REQUIREMENTS.-Any continuation application shall demonstrate the progress made toward achievement of the goals described pursuant to subsection (a).
SEC. 316. [20 U.S.C. 1059c] AMERICAN INDIAN TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES.
(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.—The Secretary shall provide grants and related assistance to Indian Tribal Colleges and Universities to enable such institutions to improve and expand their capacity to serve Indian students.
(b) DEFINITIONS.-In this section:
(1) INDIAN. The term "Indian" has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Tribally Controlled College or University Assistance Act of 1978.
(2) INDIAN TRIBE.-The term "Indian tribe" has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Tribally Controlled College or University Assistance Act of 1978.
(3) TRIBAL COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY.-The term "Tribal College or University" has the meaning give the term "tribally controlled college or university" in section 2 of the Tribally Controlled College or University Assistance Act of 1978, and includes an institution listed in the Equity in Educational Land Grant Status Act of 1994.
(4) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.-The term "institution of higher education” means an institution of higher education as defined in section 101(a), except that paragraph (2) of such section shall not apply.
(c) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.
(1) IN GENERAL.-Grants awarded under this section shall be used by Tribal Colleges or Universities to assist such institutions to plan, develop, undertake, and carry out activities to improve and expand such institutions' capacity to serve Indian students.
(2) EXAMPLES OF AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.-The activities described in paragraph (1) may include
(A) purchase, rental, or lease of scientific or laboratory equipment for educational purposes, including instructional and research purposes;
(B) construction, maintenance, renovation, and improvement in classrooms, libraries, laboratories, and other instructional facilities, including purchase or rental of telecommunications technology equipment or services;
(C) support of faculty exchanges, faculty development, and faculty fellowships to assist in attaining advanced degrees in the faculty's field of instruction;
(D) academic instruction in disciplines in which Indians are underrepresented;
(E) purchase of library books, periodicals, and other educational materials, including telecommunications program material;
(F) tutoring, counseling, and student service programs designed to improve academic success;
(G) funds management, administrative management, and acquisition of equipment for use in strengthening funds management;
(H) joint use of facilities, such as laboratories and libraries;
(I) establishing or improving a development office to strengthen or improve contributions from alumni and the private sector;
(J) establishing or enhancing a program of teacher education designed to qualify students to teach in elementary schools or secondary schools, with a particular emphasis on teaching Indian children and youth, that shall include, as part of such program, preparation for teacher certification;
(K) establishing community outreach programs that encourage Indian elementary school and secondary school students to develop the academic skills and the interest to pursue postsecondary education; and
(L) other activities proposed in the application submitted pursuant to subsection (d) that—
(i) contribute to carrying out the activities described in subparagraphs (A) through (K); and
(ii) are approved by the Secretary as part of the review and acceptance of such application.
(3) ENDOWMENT FUND.—
(A) IN GENERAL.-A Tribal College or University may use not more than 20 percent of the grant funds provided under this section to establish or increase an endowment fund at the institution.
(B) MATCHING REQUIREMENT.-In order to be eligible to use grant funds in accordance with subparagraph (A), the Tribal College or University_shall provide matching funds, in an amount equal to the Federal funds used in accordance with subparagraph (A), for the establishment or increase of the endowment fund.
(C) COMPARABILITY.-The provisions of part C regarding the establishment or increase of an endowment fund, that the Secretary determines are not inconsistent with this paragraph, shall apply to funds used under subparagraph (A).
(d) APPLICATION PROCESS.—
(1) INSTITUTIONAL ELIGIBILITY.-To be eligible to receive assistance under this section, a Tribal College or University shall be an eligible institution under section 312(b).
(2) APPLICATION.-Any Tribal College or University desiring to receive assistance under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, and in such manner, as the Secretary may by regulation reasonably require. Each such application shall include
(A) a 5-year plan for improving the assistance provided by the Tribal College or University to Indian students, increasing the rates at which Indian secondary school students enroll in higher education, and increasing overall postsecondary retention rates for Indian students; and
(B) such enrollment data and other information and assurances as the Secretary may require to demonstrate compliance with paragraph (1).