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SEC. 518. [20 U.S.C. 1103g] AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.
(a) AUTHORIZATIONS.-There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title $62,500,000 for fiscal year 1999 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.
(b) USE OF MULTIPLE YEAR AWARDS.-In the event of a multiple year award to any Hispanic-serving institution under this title, the Secretary shall make funds available for such award from funds appropriated for this title for the fiscal year in which such funds are to be used by the institution.
TITLE VI-INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS
PART A-INTERNATIONAL AND FOREIGN
SEC. 601. [20 U.S.C. 1121] FINDINGS AND PURPOSES. (a) FINDINGS.-Congress finds as follows:
(1) The security, stability, and economic vitality of the United States in a complex global era depend upon American experts in and citizens knowledgeable about world regions, foreign languages, and international affairs, as well as upon a strong research base in these areas.
(2) Advances in communications technology and the growth of regional and global problems make knowledge of other countries and the ability to communicate in other languages more essential to the promotion of mutual understanding and cooperation among nations and their peoples.
(3) Dramatic post-Cold War changes in the world's geopolitical and economic landscapes are creating needs for American expertise and knowledge about a greater diversity of less commonly taught foreign languages and nations of the world.
(4) Systematic efforts are necessary to enhance the capacity of institutions of higher education in the United States for
(A) producing graduates with international and foreign language expertise and knowledge; and
(B) research regarding such expertise and knowledge. (5) Cooperative efforts among the Federal Government, institutions of higher education, and the private sector are necessary to promote the generation and dissemination of information about world regions, foreign languages, and international affairs throughout education, government, business, civic, and nonprofit sectors in the United States.
(b) PURPOSES.-The purposes of this part are
(1)(A) to support centers, programs, and fellowships in institutions of higher education in the United States for producing increased numbers of trained personnel and research in foreign languages, area studies, and other international studies;
(B) to develop a pool of international experts to meet national needs;
(C) to develop and validate specialized materials and tech-
(2) to support cooperative efforts promoting access to and the dissemination of international and foreign language knowledge, teaching materials, and research, throughout education, government, business, civic, and nonprofit sectors in the United States, through the use of advanced technologies; and
(3) to coordinate the programs of the Federal Government in the areas of foreign language, area studies, and other international studies, including professional international affairs education and research.
SEC. 602. [20 U.S.C. 1122] GRADUATE AND UNDERGRADUATE LANGUAGE AND AREA CENTERS AND PROGRAMS.
(a) NATIONAL LANGUAGE AND AREA CENTERS AND PROGRAMS AUTHORIZED.
(1) CENTERS AND PROGRAMS.
(A) IN GENERAL.-The Secretary is authorized
(i) to make grants to institutions of higher education, or combinations thereof, for the purpose of establishing, strengthening, and operating comprehensive foreign language and area or international studies centers and programs; and
(ii) to make grants to such institutions or combinations for the purpose of establishing, strengthening, and operating a diverse network of undergraduate foreign language and area or international studies centers and programs.
(B) NATIONAL RESOURCES.-The centers and programs referred to in paragraph (1) shall be national resources for
(i) teaching of any modern foreign language;
(ii) instruction in fields needed to provide full understanding of areas, regions, or countries in which such language is commonly used;
(iii) research and training in international studies, and the international and foreign language aspects of professional and other fields of study; and
(iv) instruction and research on issues in world affairs that concern one or more countries.
(2) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.—Any such grant may be used to pay all or part of the cost of establishing or operating a center or program, including the cost of—
(A) teaching and research materials;
(B) curriculum planning and development;
(C) establishing and maintaining linkages with overseas institutions of higher education and other organizations that may contribute to the teaching and research of the center or program;
(D) bringing visiting scholars and faculty to the center to teach or to conduct research;
(E) professional development of the center's faculty and staff;
(F) projects conducted in cooperation with other centers addressing themes of world regional, cross-regional, international, or global importance;
(G) summer institutes in the United States or abroad designed to provide language and area training in the center's field or topic; and
(H) support for faculty, staff, and student travel in foreign areas, regions, or countries, and for the development and support of educational programs abroad for students. (3) GRANTS TO MAINTAIN LIBRARY COLLECTIONS.—The Secretary may make grants to centers described in paragraph (1) having important library collections, as determined by the Secretary, for the maintenance of such collections.
(4) OUTREACH GRANTS AND SUMMER INSTITUTES.—The Secretary may make additional grants to centers described in paragraph (1) for any one or more of the following purposes: (A) Programs of linkage or outreach between foreign language, area studies, or other international fields, and professional schools and colleges.
(B) Programs of linkage or outreach with 2- and 4-year colleges and universities.
(C) Programs of linkage or outreach with departments or agencies of Federal and State governments.
(D) Programs of linkage or outreach with the news media, business, professional, or trade associations.
(E) Summer institutes in foreign area, foreign language, and other international fields designed to carry out the programs of linkage and outreach described in subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D).
(b) GRADUATE FELLOWSHIPS FOR FOREIGN LANGUAGE AND AREA OR INTERNATIONAL STUDIES.
(1) IN GENERAL.-The Secretary is authorized to make grants to institutions of higher education or combinations of such institutions for the purpose of paying stipends to individuals undergoing advanced training in any center or program approved by the Secretary.
(2) ELIGIBLE STUDENTS.-Students receiving stipends described in paragraph (1) shall be individuals who are engaged in an instructional program with stated performance goals for functional foreign language use or in a program developing such performance goals, in combination with area studies, international studies, or the international aspects of a professional studies program, including predissertation level studies, preparation for dissertation research, dissertation research abroad, and dissertation writing.
(c) SPECIAL RULE WITH RESPECT TO TRAVEL.-No funds may be expended under this part for undergraduate travel except in accordance with rules prescribed by the Secretary setting forth policies and procedures to assure that Federal funds made available
for such travel are expended as part of a formal program of supervised study.
(d) ALLOWANCES.-Stipends awarded to graduate level recipients may include allowances for dependents and for travel for research and study in the United States and abroad.
SEC. 603. [20 U.S.C. 1123] LANGUAGE RESOURCE CENTERS.
(a) LANGUAGE RESOURCE CENTERS AUTHORIZED.-The Secretary is authorized to make grants to and enter into contracts with institutions of higher education, or combinations of such institutions, for the purpose of establishing, strengthening, and operating a small number of national language resource and training centers, which shall serve as resources to improve the capacity to teach and learn foreign languages effectively.
(b) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.-The activities carried out by the centers described in subsection (a)
(1) shall include effective dissemination efforts, whenever appropriate; and
(2) may include
(A) the conduct and dissemination of research on new and improved teaching methods, including the use of advanced educational technology;
(B) the development and dissemination of new teaching materials reflecting the use of such research in effective teaching strategies;
(C) the development, application, and dissemination of performance testing appropriate to an educational setting for use as a standard and comparable measurement of skill levels in all languages;
(D) the training of teachers in the administration and interpretation of performance tests, the use of effective teaching strategies, and the use of new technologies;
(E) a significant focus on the teaching and learning needs of the less commonly taught languages, including an assessment of the strategic needs of the United States, the determination of ways to meet those needs nationally, and the publication and dissemination of instructional materials in the less commonly taught languages;
(F) the development and dissemination of materials designed to serve as a resource for foreign language teachers at the elementary and secondary school levels; and
(G) the operation of intensive summer language institutes to train advanced foreign language students, to provide professional development, and to improve language instruction through preservice and inservice language training for teachers.
(c) CONDITIONS FOR GRANTS. Grants under this section shall be made on such conditions as the Secretary determines to be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.
SEC. 604. [20 U.S.C. 1124] UNDERGRADUATE INTERNATIONAL STUDIES AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROGRAMS.
(a) INCENTIVES FOR THE CREATION OF NEW PROGRAMS AND THE STRENGTHENING OF EXISTING PROGRAMS IN UNDERGRADUATE INTERNATIONAL STUDIES AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROGRAMS.—
(1) AUTHORITY.-The Secretary is authorized to make grants to institutions of higher education, combinations of such institutions, or partnerships between nonprofit educational organizations and institutions of higher education, to assist such institutions, combinations or partnerships in planning, developing, and carrying out programs to improve undergraduate instruction in international studies and foreign languages. Such grants shall be awarded to institutions, combinations or partnerships seeking to create new programs or to strengthen existing programs in foreign languages, area studies, and other international fields.
(2) USE OF FUNDS.-Grants made under this section may be used for Federal share of the cost of projects and activities which are an integral part of such a program, such as—
(A) planning for the development and expansion of undergraduate programs in international studies and foreign languages;
(B) teaching, research, curriculum development, faculty training in the United States or abroad, and other related activities, including
(i) the expansion of library and teaching resources; and
(ii) preservice and inservice teacher training; (C) expansion of opportunities for learning foreign languages, including less commonly taught languages;
(D) programs under which foreign teachers and scholars may visit institutions as visiting faculty;
(E) programs designed to develop or enhance linkages between 2- and 4-year institutions of higher education, or baccalaureate and post-baccalaureate programs or institutions;
(F) the development of undergraduate educational programs (i) in locations abroad where such opportunities are not otherwise available or that serve students for whom such opportunities are not otherwise available; and
(ii) that provide courses that are closely related to on-campus foreign language and international curricula;
(G) the integration of new and continuing education abroad opportunities for undergraduate students into curricula of specific degree programs;
(H) the development of model programs to enrich or enhance the effectiveness of educational programs abroad, including predeparture and postreturn programs, and the integration of educational programs abroad into the curriculum of the home institution;
(I) the development of programs designed to integrate professional and technical education with foreign languages, area studies, and other international fields;
(J) the establishment of linkages overseas with institu tions of higher education and organizations that contribute