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(3) APPLICATIONS.-An institution of higher education, a consortium of such institutions, or another organization that desires to receive a grant or contract under paragraph (1) shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require by regulation.
(4) ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.—
(A) PARTICIPATION.-In awarding grants and contracts under this subsection the Secretary shall make every effort to ensure
(i) the equitable participation of private and public institutions of higher education (including community and junior colleges); and
(ii) the equitable geographic participation of such institutions.
(B) CONSIDERATION.-In awarding grants and contracts under this subsection the Secretary shall give appropriate consideration to institutions of higher education with limited enrollment.
(5) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.-There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.
(f) NATIONAL RECOGNITION AWARDS.—
(1) PURPOSE.-It is the purpose of this subsection to provide models of innovative and effective alcohol and drug abuse prevention programs in higher education and to focus national attention on exemplary alcohol and drug abuse prevention efforts.
(A) IN GENERAL.-The Secretary shall make 5 National Recognition Awards for outstanding alcohol prevention programs and 5 National Recognition Awards for outstanding drug abuse prevention programs, on an annual basis, to institutions of higher education that
(i) have developed and implemented innovative and effective alcohol prevention programs or drug abuse prevention programs; and
(ii) with respect to an application for an alcohol prevention program award, demonstrate in the application submitted under paragraph (3) that the institution has undertaken efforts designed to change the culture of college drinking consistent with the review criteria described in paragraph (3)(C)(iii).
(B) CEREMONY.-The awards shall be made at a ceremony in Washington, D.C.
(C) DOCUMENT.-The Secretary shall publish a document describing the alcohol and drug abuse prevention programs of institutions of higher education that receive the awards under this subsection and disseminate the document nationally to all public and private secondary school guidance counselors for use by secondary school juniors and seniors preparing to enter an institution of higher
education. The document shall be disseminated not later than January 1 of each academic year.
(D) AMOUNT AND USE.-Each institution of higher education selected to receive an award under this subsection shall receive an award in the amount of $50,000. Such award shall be used for the maintenance and improvement of the institution's outstanding prevention program for the academic year following the academic year for which the award is made.
(A) IN GENERAL.-Each institution of higher education desiring an award under this subsection shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may require. Each such application shall contain
(i) a clear description of the goals and objectives of the prevention program of the institution;
(ii) a description of program activities that focus on alcohol or drug policy issues, policy development, modification, or refinement, policy dissemination and implementation, and policy enforcement;
(iii) a description of activities that encourage student and employee participation and involvement in activity development and implementation;
(iv) the objective criteria used to determine the effectiveness of the methods used in such programs and the means used to evaluate and improve the programs' efforts;
(v) a description of special initiatives used to reduce high-risk behavior or increase low-risk behavior; and
(vi) a description of coordination and networking efforts that exist in the community in which the institution is located for purposes of such programs.
(B) APPLICATION REVIEW.-The Secretary shall appoint a committee to review applications submitted under this paragraph. The committee may include representatives of Federal departments or agencies the programs of which include alcohol abuse prevention and education efforts and drug abuse prevention and education efforts, directors or heads (or their representatives) of professional associations that focus on alcohol and drug abuse prevention efforts, and non-Federal scientists who have backgrounds in social science evaluation and research methodology and in education. Decisions of the committee shall be made directly to the Secretary without review by any other entity in the Department.
(C) REVIEW CRITERIA. The committee described in subparagraph (B) shall develop specific review criteria for reviewing and evaluating applications submitted under this paragraph. The review criteria shall include
(i) measures of the effectiveness of the program of the institution, that includes changes in the campus alcohol or other drug environment or the climate and
changes in alcohol or other drug use before and after the initiation of the program;
(ii) measures of program institutionalization, including—
(I) an assessment of needs of the institution; (II) the institution's alcohol and drug policies, staff and faculty development activities, drug prevention criteria, student, faculty, and campus community involvement; and
(III) whether the program will be continued after the cessation of Federal funding; and
(iii) with respect to an application for an alcohol prevention program award, criteria for determining whether the institution has policies in effect that
(I) prohibit alcoholic beverage sponsorship of athletic events, and prohibit alcoholic beverage advertising inside athletic facilities;
(II) prohibit alcoholic beverage marketing on campus, which may include efforts to ban alcohol advertising in institutional publications or efforts to prohibit alcohol-related advertisements at campus events;
(III) establish or expand upon alcohol-free living arrangements for all college students;
(IV) establish partnerships with community members and organizations to further alcohol vention efforts on campus and the areas surrounding campus; and
(V) establish innovative communications programs involving students and faculty in an effort to educate students about alcohol-related risks. (4) ELIGIBILITY.-In order to be eligible to receive a National Recognition Award an institution of higher education shall
(A) offer an associate or baccalaureate degree;
(B) have established an alcohol abuse prevention and education program or a drug abuse prevention and education program;
(C) nominate itself or be nominated by others, such as professional associations or student organizations, to receive the award; and
(D) not have received an award under this subsection during the 5 academic years preceding the academic year for which the determination is made.
(5) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—
(A) IN GENERAL.-There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $750,000 for fiscal year 1999.
(B) AVAILABILITY.-Funds appropriated under subparagraph (A) shall remain available until expended. SEC. 121. [20 U.S.C. 1011j] PRIOR RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS. (a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—
(1) PRE-1987 PARTS C AND D OF TITLE VII.-There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1999 and for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years to pay obligations incurred prior to 1987 under parts C and D of title VII, as such parts were in effect before the effective date of the Higher Education Amendments of 1992.
(2) POST-1992 AND PRE-1998 PART C OF TITLE VII.-There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1999 and for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years to pay obligations incurred prior to the date of enactment of the Higher Education Amendments of 1998 under part C of title VII, as such part was in effect during the period
(A) after the effective date of the Higher Education Amendments of 1992; and
(B) prior to the date of enactment of the Higher Education Amendments of 1998.
(b) LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES.
(1) PRE-1987 TITLE VII.—All entities with continuing obligations incurred under parts A, B, C, and D of title VII, as such parts were in effect before the effective date of the Higher Education Amendments of 1992, shall be subject to the requirements of such part as in effect before the effective date of the Higher Education Amendments of 1992.
(2) POST-1992 AND PRE-1998 PART C OF TITLE VII.—All entities with continuing obligations incurred under part C of title VII, as such part was in effect during the period
(A) after the effective date of the Higher Education Amendments of 1992; and
(B) prior to the date of enactment of the Higher Education Amendments of 1998,
shall be subject to the requirements of such part as such part was in effect during such period.
SEC. 122. [20 U.S.C. 1011k] RECOVERY OF PAYMENTS.
(a) PUBLIC BENEFIT.-Congress declares that, if a facility constructed with the aid of a grant under part A of title VII as such part A was in effect prior to the date of enactment of the Higher Education Amendments of 1998, or part B of such title as part B was in effect prior to the date of enactment of the Higher Education Amendments of 1992, is used as an academic facility for 20 years following completion of such construction, the public benefit accruing to the United States will equal in value the amount of the grant. The period of 20 years after completion of such construction shall therefore be deemed to be the period of Federal interest in such facility for the purposes of such title as so in effect.
(b) RECOVERY UPON CESSATION OF PUBLIC BENEFIT.-If, within 20 years after completion of construction of an academic facility which has been constructed, in part with a grant under part A of title VII as such part A was in effect prior to the date of enactment of the Higher Education Amendments of 1998, or part B of title VII as such part B was in effect prior to the date of enactment of the Higher Education Amendments of 1992—
(1) the applicant under such parts as so in effect (or the applicant's successor in title or possession) ceases or fails to be a public or nonprofit institution; or
(2) the facility ceases to be used as an academic facility, or the facility is used as a facility excluded from the term "academic facility" (as such term was defined under title VII, as so in effect), unless the Secretary determines that there is good cause for releasing the institution from its obligation, the United States shall be entitled to recover from such applicant (or successor) an amount which bears to the value of the facility at that time (or so much thereof as constituted an approved project or projects) the same ratio as the amount of Federal grant bore to the cost of the facility financed with the aid of such grant. The value shall be determined by agreement of the parties or by action brought in the United States district court for the district in which such facility is situated.
(c) PROHIBITION ON USE FOR RELIGION.-Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a) and (b), no project assisted with funds under title VII (as in effect prior to the date of enactment of the Higher Education Amendments of 1998) shall ever be used for religious worship or a sectarian activity or for a school or department of divinity.
PART C-COST OF HIGHER EDUCATION
SEC. 131. [20 U.S.C. 1015] IMPROVEMENTS IN MARKET INFORMATION AND PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY IN HIGHER EDUCATION.
(a) IMPROVED DATA COLLECTION.—
(1) DEVELOPMENT OF UNIFORM METHODOLOGY.-The Secretary shall direct the Commissioner of Education Statistics to convene a series of forums to develop nationally consistent methodologies for reporting costs incurred by postsecondary institutions in providing postsecondary education.
(2) REDESIGN OF DATA SYSTEMS. On the basis of the methodologies developed pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary shall redesign relevant parts of the postsecondary education data systems to improve the usefulness and timeliness of the data collected by such systems.
(3) INFORMATION TO INSTITUTIONS.-The Commissioner of Education Statistics shall
(A) develop a standard definition for the following data elements:
(i) tuition and fees for a full-time undergraduate student;
(ii) cost of attendance for a full-time undergraduate student, consistent with the provisions of section 472;
(iii) average amount of financial assistance received by an undergraduate student who attends an institution of higher education, including
(I) each type of assistance or benefit described in section 428(a)(2)(C)(i);
(II) fellowships; and
(III) institutional and other assistance; and