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September 20, 1977
February 1, 1978
Biglane, Kenneth, Division Chief, Oil and Special Materials Division,
Environmental Protection Agency
Bleicher, Samuel N., Director of Ocean Management, NOAA, Department
Diamond, Henry, counsel, city of Philadelphia, Water Department
Hess, Dr. Wilmot N., Acting Associate Administrator, National Oceanic,
and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
Johnson, Cmdr. Phil, NOAA Corps, Department of Commerce
Jorling, Thomas, Assistant Administrator for Water and Hazardous Mate
rials, Environmental Protection Agency
Kamlet, Kenneth S., on behalf of the National Wildlife Federation.
Low, Robert A., administrator, New York City Environmental Protection
Milholland, John, NOAA General Counsel's Office, Department of Com-
Rhett, Jack, Deputy Assistant Administrator for Water Programs, Envi.
ronmental Protection Agency
Rivlin, Martin, counsel, Division of Plant Operations, Division of Water
Pollution Control and Chief, Enforcement and Compliance Unit, New
York City Department of Environmental Protection
Townsend, Steven, city of Philadelphia, Water Department, chief, sludge
Wastler, T. A., Marine Protection Branch, Oil and Special Materials,
Environmental Protection Agency
Additional material supplied-
Answers to questions of Mr. Breaux
Dumping at the 106-mile site...
Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act permit
New York and Philadelphia funding of research
Pending ocean dumping cases against EPA.
Permit information and interim dates ....
Sec. 102(AX5XC) recommended language.
Evans, Hon. Thomas B.:
Article from Wilmington (Del.) News Journal, Sept. 19, 1977:
"Editorial: Upstream Neighbor"
Kamlet, Kenneth S.:
Article: "General Policy: Pollution Tax Supported by Union Carbide
"Noncompliance Fee" approach of S. 1952, 95th Cong., as recom-
Additional material supplied-Continued
Low, Robert A.:
Penalty fee as condition to interim permits for ocean dumping of
Answers to Mr. Breaux's questions
Budget, fiscal years 1975-78, for designation and operation of Marine
Bleicher, Samuel A.: Letter of February 6, 1978, to Hon. John B. Breaux ..
Borghard, William G.: Letter of December 30, 1977, to Hon. John Breaux .
Breaux, Hon. John: Letter of October 18, 1977, to William G. Borghard
Hoffman, Charles E.: Letter of January 11, 1978, to Charles Samowitz
Jorling, Thomas C.: Letter of February 7, 1978, to Hon. John B. Breaux ....
OCEAN POLLUTION RESEARCH
Hearing held-October 3, 1977.
Text of—S. 1617....
Barth, Delbert S., DAA for Health and Ecological Effects, Office of Re-
search and Development, Environmental Protection Agency.
Brewer, William C., Jr., General Counsel, NOAA, Department of Com-
Gage, Dr. Stephen J., Acting Assistant Administrator for Research and
Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency...
Hess, Dr. Wilmot N., Acting Associate Administrator, National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce.
Additional material supplied-
Budget for research and development
Interagency coordination between NOAA and EPA
Marine and estuarine research of the EPA
Marine research public laws
EPA-NOAA Interagency Agreement concerning baseline surveys and
evaluations of ocean disposal sites, Under Marine Protection, Re-
search and Sanctuaries Act.
Marine environmental research, fiscal year 1978
Marine research legislation
Research and development, NOAA-fiscal year 1978
NUCLEAR WASTE DISPOSAL
May 15, 1978..
July 11, 1978.
Statement of -
Anderson, D. R., director, seabed disposal program, Sandia Laboratory 256
Bleicher, Samuel, Director, Office of Ocean Management, NOAA, Depart-
ment of Commerce
Curtis, Clifton E., on behalf of the Environmental Defense Fund, Friends of
the Earth, National Audubon Society, Sierra Club, Wilderness Society,
National Wildlife Federation, the International Institute for Environ-
ment and Development, and the Environmental Policy Center
Deese, David A., research fellow, programs for science and international
affairs, Harvard University...
Deutch, Dr. John M., Director of Energy Research, Department of
Dyer, Robert S., Project Officer, Environmental Protection Agency 221, 245
Liverman, James L., Acting Assistant Secretary for Environment, U.S.
Department of Energy..
Long, Bill, Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Environ-
mental and Population Affairs, U.S. Department of State ..
Meyers, Sheldon, Director, Division of Fuel Cycle and Material Safety, U.S.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Pritchard, Hon. Joel, a Representative in Congress from the State of
Rowe, Dr. William D., Deputy Assistant Administrator for Radiation
Programs, Environmental Protection Agency
Sonenshein, Rear Adm. N., USN (Ret.), on behalf of Global Marine Devel-
Webster, Dr. Ferris, Assistant Administrator for Research and Develop-
ment, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department
Additional material supplied
Article of August 24, 1977: “EPA To Study Radioactivity Releases in
Pacific Deepsea Dumpsite”
Article of October 14, 1977: “EPA To Use Manned Submersible To
Study Pacific Deepsea Radioactive Waste Dumpsite"
Environmental surveys of two deepsea radioactive waste disposal sites
Response to subcommittee questions
Table 1.-Primary U.S. radioactive waste dumpsites
Table 2.-NEA/OECD sea disposal operations
Assessment of ocean bed emplacement
Table I.-U.S. Commercial waste
Table II.-U.S. Defense waste
Table III.—Projected spent fuel generation
Table IV.-Waste disposal research funding.
Table V.-DOE nuclear energy research funding.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission:
Low-level radioactive waste management program.
Response to questions of subcommittee ..
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: Press release of
July 22, 1977—“OECD Reinforces International Surveillance of Sea
Dumping of Radioactive Waste".
State Department: Ratification of convention by Japan.
Woods Hole Notes: Article of October 1976—“Alvin Participates in Retriev-
al of Radioactive Waste Container"..
MARINE SANCTUARIES Hearing held—July 24, 1978
399 Statement ofBailey, George, vice chairman, board of directors, Comprehensive Planning Organization ....
430, 438 Prepared statement...
439 Bleicher, Sam, Director, Office of Ocean Management, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce
400 Boyle, Stephen, President, Get Oil Out organization
430 Cassell, John K., senior geologist, Chevron U.S.A., Inc
415 Corwin, Dr. Ruthann, professor of environmental planning and ecology, University of California, Los Angeles, coprincipal of Resources Co ..... 430, 485 Prepared statement.....
460 Lagomarsino, Hon. Robert J., a Representative in Congress for the State of California
408 Heffernan, Patrick, Natural Resource Management policy specialist, principal of resources, official representative of Santa Barbara County
430, 484 Prepared statement...
460 Van Deerlin, Congressman Lionel, to public workshop on national marine sanctuaries program, Bahia Hotel, San Diego, April 18, 1978 ....
446 Additional material suppliedBailey, George:
Form notice of meeting on May 30, 1978, on establishment of a marine
Resolution No. 78-81: “Nomination of Certain Offshore Waters of San
Diego and Orange Counties"
448 Resolution No. 221102...
Additional material supplied-Continued
Resolution supporting the marine sanctuary nomination for a coastal
area offshore of San Diego and Orange Counties
San Diego Coast Regional Commission, minutes of Friday, June 16,
1978. Boyle, Stephen:
Article from Los Angeles Times of June 26, 1978: "Oil Platforms Pose
Hazard, Shippers Say; Proposal for Two Drilling Rigs at Entrance of
L.A. Harbor Assailed”
Article from Zoo-Logic: “Funds Are Needed for the Oiled Birds" Communications submitted
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1977
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, COMMITTEE ON MERCHANT
MARINE AND FISHERIES, SUBCOMMITTEE ON OCEANOGRA-
PHY, AND SUBCOMMITTEE ON FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE
CONSERVATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT,
Washington, D.C. The subcommittees met, pursuant to notice, at 2:05 p.m., room 1334, Longworth House Office Building, Hon. John B. Breaux, presiding
Mr. BREAUX. The subcommittees will please come to order.
Today, the Subcommittees on Oceanography, and Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and the Environment of the House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee convene hearings on H.R. 5851, a bill to amend the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972
If enacted, this bill would statutorily establish a deadline of December 31, 1981, after which all interim permit holders would have to stop ocean dumping. This deadline would apply to all persons dumping materials, such as sewage sludge and industrial wastes which do not comply with EPA's ocean dumping criteria. I might add that this policy is already articulated in EPA's ocean dumping rules and regulations issued on January 11 of this year.
In addition, H.R. 5851 would impose a mandatory penalty fee on all interim permit holders. The fee would amount to not less than the difference between the cost of ocean dumping and the cost of an acceptable land-based alternative. The proceeds from these fines would go into the U.S. Treasury. The bill gives EPA the option of waiving all or part of the penalty fee if, to the satisfaction of the Administrator, the interim permit holder will expend the equivalent amount of money waived on the research, development, demonstration, or implementation of land-based alternatives. The intent of this fee is twofold. First, it would remove any financial incentive to ocean dump. Second, it would encourage interim permit holders to expend money on the development and implementation of acceptable land-based alternatives.
H.R. 5851 contains a number of other amendments to the Ocean Dumping Act. Applicants for ocean dumping permits would be required to pay a processing fee in an amount commensurate with the administrative costs of processing the permit. The Corps of Engineers which administers the dredged material disposal program would be required to inform EPA of any interagency agreements they make with regard to the act. Lastly, responsibility over land-based alternative research programs would be transferred from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to