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1.5 References

AIChE, 1985, Guidelines for Hazard Evaluation Procedures,
American Institute of Chemical Engineers, New York, 1985.

Amoco/EPA, 1992b. "Air Quality Data, Volume II," prepared by D. N. Blewitt for the Amoco/USEPA Pollution Prevention Project, Chicago.

Amoco/EPA, 1991a. "Pollution Prevention Workshop," prepared by H. Klee, Jr. and SAIC for the Amoco/USEPA Pollution Prevention Project, Chicago.

Amoco/EPA, 1990. "Project Workplan," prepared by H. Klee, Jr. (Amoco) and M. Podar, (USEPA) for the Amoco/USEPA Pollution Prevention Project, Chicago.

API, 1991b.

"The Generation and Management of Wastes and Secondary Materials in the Petroleum Refining Industry, 1987-88," American Petroleum Institute, Washington, D.C.

CAA, 1990. Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, Conference Report 101-952, October 26, 1990.


Cohen, Y., Allen, D. T., Blewitt, D. N., and Klee, H., 1991. Multimedia Emissions Assessment of the Amoco Yorktown Refinery," presented at the 84th Annual Air and Waste Management Association meeting, Vancouver, Canada, June 17, 1991.

EPA/SAB, 1990a.

"Reducing Risk: Setting Priorities and Strategies for Environmental Protection," United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

EPA/SAB, 1990b.

"The Report of the Strategic Subcommittee, Relative Risk Reduction Project, Reducing Risk, Appendix C," (EPA SAB-EC-90-021C), United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.

EPRI, 1983. "Economic Evaluation of FGD Systems," Project 1610-1, Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California.

Federal Register, 1990. "Benzene Waste Operations NESHAP,"
Federal Register, 55, 8292, March 7, 1990.

Graham, J. D. (ed), 1991. Harnessing science for Environmental Regulation, Praeger, New York, 1991.

GAO, 1991. "Environmental Protection: Meeting Public Expectations with Limited Resources," General Accounting Office, (GAO/RCED-91-97), Washington, D.C., June, 1991, Chapter 3.

Los Angeles Times, 4/14/88.

See Also, Chicago Tribune, 1/25/91, Houston Post, 9/3/88, Philadelphia Inquirer, 4/29/88, and Seattle Times, 2/25/91.

NRC, 1990. Tracking Toxic Substances at Industrial Facilities: Engineering Mass Balance versus Materials Accounting, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

OMB, 1991. "Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 1992, Section IX.C. Reforming Regulation and Managing RiskReduction Sensibly," Office of Management and Budget, Washington, D.C., February 4, 1991.

Table 1.1

Project Components


Chemical Fate and Transport

Cost Estimation

Decision Making Methodology

Environmental Impact

Exposure Modeling

Facilities Management

Group Dynamics

Public Perceptions

Regulatory/Legislative Policy

Risk Assessment


Source Identification

Table 1.2

Participants in the AMOCO/EPA Pollution Prevention Project

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Office of Air and Radiation

Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response

National Advisory Council on Environmental Policy

and Technology

Office of Research and Development

Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation

office of Water

Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances

Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards
Region III

Amoco Corporation

Environmental Affairs and Safety

Public and Government Affairs

Art Services

Analytical Services

Groundwater Management Services

Amoco Oil Company

Refining and Transportation Engineering
Research and Development

Yorktown Refinery

Whiting Refinery

Commonwealth of Virginia

State Water Control Board

Department of Waste Management

Department of Air Pollution Control

Academic Institutions

Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary University of California at Los Angeles

University of Michigan

Table 1.2 (Continued)


ICF/Clement International


ENSECO Laboratories

Radian Corporation


York Laboratories

Murry/Trettel Consulting Meteorologists
Industrial Marine Service, Inc.

James R. Reed and Associates
Industrial Economics, Incorporated

Abt Associates

Resources for the Future

Peer Review Committee Members

Dr. Clifford S. Russell, Vanderbilt Institute for Public Policy Studies (Chair)

Ms. Jolene Chinchilli, Chesapeake Bay Foundation

Mr. A. Ray Dudley, Array Enterprises, Inc.

Dr. John R. Ehrenfeld, MIT Center for Technology, Policy and Industrial Development

Dr. John D. Graham, Harvard School of Public Health

Dr. Robert J. Huggett, Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Ms. Frances H. Irwin, Conservation Foundation

Dr. Joseph F. Malina, Jr., University of Texas

Dr. John J. McKetta, University of Texas

Mr. David R. Patrick, Clement International Corporation

Dr. James G. Quinn, University of Rhode Island

Dr. Mitchell J. Small, Carnegie Mellon University

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