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As a member of Congress, I was actively involved in drawing up of a section of the Congressional Resolution of Support for the Lake Placid bid, a resolution which passed this House by a vote of 382-4. Built into this resolution was the safeguard for our natural resouces which reads in part:

"Provided, That Olympic activities and plans in all respects fit within the present laws and adopted State plans, rules and regulations respecting the entirety of the Adirondack Park, and be it further

"Resolved, That Congress shall not support financially or otherwise, any activities or plans which are in conflict with the letter or spirit of those laws, plans, rules and regulations, or which would require any modification of them."

I would strongly urge the members of this Congress to reiterate their support for this protection of our resources by incorporating the language of this resolution in the oill before you today.

The environmental considerations which prompted the people of Denver, Colorado to withdraw their city as the site for the 1976 Olympic Winter Games have been seriously addressed by the Lake Placid Organizing Committee to insure that the environmental integrity of this Adirondack area is insured.

New York State residents recognized the valuable resource of the Adirondacks when the State Constitution was amended by Article VII and later Article XIV, effective January 1, 1895, which stated "The lands of the State, now owned or hereafter acquired, constituting the Forest Preserve as now fixed by law shall be forever kept as wild forest lands. The shall not be leased, sold or exchanged or be taken by any corporation, public or private, nor shall the timber thereon be sold, removed, or destroyed."

The Lake Placid Organizing Committee has organized an Environmental Council, which has the responsibility of reporting to the Executive Committee as to what measures are being followed to comply with this environmental requirerequirement.

In addition, the Council selected Sasaki Associates of Massachusetts, an environmental consulting firm, to prepare in concert with the Federal government, the State of New York (Department of Environmental Conservation and the Adirondack Park Agency) and private and not-for-profit environmental organizations an overall comprehensive environmental impact analysis, to be completed by June 15, 1976.

The firm will address itself specifically to the environmental impact of the 1980 Winter Olympics and will concern itself. but not be limited to, the requirements of the National Environmental Protection Act and the State Environmental Quality Review Act. The Adirondack Park Agency has requested a comprehensive report requiring 18 different mapping requirements; 5 natural resource descriptions; 11 public service considerations; 5 reports on private services; a report on local economic and social considerations; substantial environmental impact analysis in areas of terrestrial ecosystems, aquatic ecosystems, air and aesthetic impact, economic and social environmental comparative effect. It is of interest to note that Sasaki Associates has agreed to undertake this werk immediately with the clear understanding that payment in the amount of $230.000 for their services is contingent upon approval of funds by the Federal Government.

In addition, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation orgenized on a separate front an Olympic Environmental Analysis Task Force to consider planning and environmental impacts of new construction and improvements of its facilities at Whiteface Mountain and Mt. Van Hoevenberg. Thus far a draft environmental assessment has been prepared regarding development of the proposed Alpine ski trails and an accompanying chairlift.

Environmental concerns are being addressed in a serious fashion with review by all levels of government, environmental planning groups, and the Lake Placid Organizing Committee. The State and local organizers recognize the importance of maintaining the environmental purity of this area even as work progresses, and, consistent with this concern, we will proceed with the planning for the Winter Olympic Games.


Support for the hosting of the 1980 Olympic Winter Games in America by the community of Lake Placid has come from all segments of our government. Two Presidents of the United States, Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford have supported this international project. In our own State, Governors Wilson and Carey, as well

as our own Legislature, have fully endorsed this idea. And, finally, the people of the Town of North Elba and the Village of Lake Placid are anxious to serve as hosts for these great Winter Olympic Games.


Role of the Lake Placid Organizing Committee.-The Lake Placid Organizing Committee (the official not-for-profit corporation) is the formal entity responsible for the overall program including planning, construction and administration of the games. This corporation reports to and takes instructions from the International Olympic Committee and acts as liaison between that group (IOC), the Federal Government, the State of New York and local municipalities.

Federal funding.-Federal funding program was drawn up by various committees of the Lake Placid Organizing Committee and approved by the executive committee in the amount of $50,000,000.

This amount will provide for (1) construction of a 90-meter ski jump, (2) construction of an Olympic Village for the participants, (3) construction of a field house and hockey ice sheet, and (4) construction of an ice sheet for figure skating. The Organizing Committee is endeavoring and will continue to endeavor to carry on negotiations to reduce these costs with private enterprise, but until a federal commitment of funding is made firm, decisions cannot be finalized. It is unrealistic in the present economic climate to expect private investors to commit themselves to specific contractual arrangements absent significant assurances from the various levels of government that public funding will occur. The State of New York has a continued commitment to these Olympic Games and has acted in its appropriation process to convey this idea to private businessmen. The realities of the situation dictate that public support must precede private support. It is extremely important, therefore, that there be a similar commitment by the President and the Congress to make this program a success through the provision of funds sufficient to provide required facilities during the winter of 19781979.

The leaders of Lake Placid and members of the Organizing Committee must be commended for carrying on with the work of the Olympic planning without financial support to date-working without pay and borrowing upwards of $200,000 to comply with the International Olympic Committee rules and regulations. Their commitment to bringing those XIII Olympic Winter Games into fruition has encouraged all of us to join in this effort to create an Olympics dedicated to the athletes and the competition. But absent Federal funding this endeavor will be seriously placed in jeopardy.

Federal funds must be committed by July 17, 1976 prior to the International Olympic Congress which will be convened in Montreal. Lacking this, the Lake Placid's Bid would be withdrawn by the IOC. This would be tragic for the United States. The past experience of the U.S. Olympic Committee and the recent default of the Denver Olympic effort has necessitated that the IOC receive sufficient assurances from Lake Placid of the soundness of the games and the adequacy of its financial structure. The Lake Placid Organizing Committee would lose a $100,000 performance bond for the IOC and be forced to meet over $200,000 in loans in the event this congressional funding were not forthcoming. The embarrassment to the United States would be great. The loss in international goodwill would be awesome. As the world's athletes said at the close of the recent Innsbruck Games, "See You in Lake Placid", if that should not occur, we can only blame ourselves.

New York State Funding.-New York State Legislature: New York State has attempted to provide leadership for this effort, but we cannot reach our goal absent your support. In 1974 the New York State Legislature enacted a bipartisan bill creating a Temporary State Commission to cooperate with Lake Placid in obtaining the bid for the 1980 Winter Games and appropriated $100,000 in support of this legislation. Again in January 1975, the Legislature provided an additional $15,000 rendering a total of $115,000 for obtaining the bid and meeting administrative costs.

Department of Environmental Conservation-The Department of Environmental Conservation is specifically responsible for seeing that the alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, biathlon and bobsled-lnge disciplines are properly prepared for the games. From the Depatment's consultant funds, $158,000 was provided in 1975 to retain a consultant to plan for and design (1) a quad chair-lift (2) snowmaking equipment to meet necessary situations and (3) improved electrical service. This timely planning resulted in the Department's ability to advertise 69-665-76-7

for bids for (1) a quad chair-lift on March 15, 1976, (2) expanded snowmaking capacity, and (3) expanded ski trails in April, 1976.

The 1975-76 State appropriation to the Department amounted to $1,066,000 as a first stage of construction for the overall Olympic Program. These funds will commence to be used during the 1976-77 fiscal year for consulting services for the bobsled run and activities in connection with the Whiteface Mountain Ski Center, including construction funds for ski lifts, snowmaking and improvements of ski trails.

In addition, the 1976-77 Governor's Executive Budget contains an appropriation of $2,675,000 to continue with the program, for which we anticipate the support of the New York State Legislature. This total includes expenditures for Whiteface Mountain Ski Center: Consulting Services; Continuation of Construction of Quad Chair Lift; Snowmaking installations; Trail Construction; Construction of Utilities; Base Lodge Expansion and Acquisition of Equipment. Mt. Van Hoevenberg Recreation Area are; Continuation of Development; Construction of Utilities; Refrigeration of Bobsled Run-one-half mile to top and Consulting Services.

The total Department cost for construction and improvements for Alpine and Nordic events is approximately $13,000,000. The Department of the Interior in its Land and Water Recreation Program provides matching funds for certain eligible projects. It is our opinion that the State can qualify for approximately $4,000,000 upon the submission of plans and environmental statements for these projects.

The State of New York spent $323,000 for obtaining the bid to host the games at Lake Placid and the first stage of planning plus construction of Nordic disciplines. Further $1,066,000 is available for overall commencement of the Construction program. $8,000.000 remains for completion of facilities for the Olympics. In fact the state has already committed $1,389,000.


The recently concluded XII Olympic Winter Games held in Innsbruck, Austria, captured the imagination of most of the world and held this audience's attention for two weeks. Despite the commercialism inherent in the international competition and the strong attempt to make the Games a test of national pride, the feelings of friendly rivalry and excellence of performance which surrounded the Winter Olympics was predominent. One might ask why a Sheila Young or a Dorothy Hamill would spend hour upon hour training and practicing for a competition which lasts for a short time and which often provides no material reward. The answer lies in the spirit and symbol of the Olympics themselves, what they mean to individuals and what they mean to young people throughout the world.

To our own young athletes, the Lake Placid Games represent both a goal and a future. A goal, tangible in nature, towards which they can work in the next four years; a future, because following the Games themselves, Lake Placid will offer a unique training facility to be used by athletes from all parts of our nation to prepare for and compete in Olympic disciplines.

To the residents of Lake Placid, the State of New York and the Nation, the XIII Winter Olympics represents a new era of growth, an apportunity to provide employment for thousands of people in this Adirondack area, and a stimulation of the various related industries. involved in this endeavor. The aftermath of the Olympics will surely find the Lake Placid area enjoying a new prosperity and economic resurgence, sporting once again its international reputation for excellence in winter sporting facilities and year-round tourism.

Our benefits therefore are twofold: We will enjoy the privilege of hosting the XIII Winter Olympic Games in one of our most famous winter resorts, a community committed to creating a true Olympics which will in a sense return the Games to the athletes. On a parallel front, we will stimulate economic growth in an area and State sorely in need of such revitalization and, in doing so, will be investing soundly in a long term project which will reap benefits for years to


In this spirit and with this dual objective in mind, we ask you today to provide the needed support to bring this goal to fruition.

I appreciate this opportunity to express my views in support of the Winter Olympics to you today.

Mr. ROONEY. Our next witness will be Mr. Michael T. Harrigan, Executive Director of the President's Commission on Olympic Sports. Mr. Harrigan will be accompanied by Mr. John McCahill, General Counsel of the President's Commission on Olympic Sports. You may proceed.


Mr. HARRIGAN. Mr. Chairman, I would like to begin by saying it is a pleasure for me to appear before the House Subcommittee on Transportation and Commerce to testify on a bill to authorize appropriations for the 1980 winter Olympic games at Lake Placid.

I would like to read briefly from a letter that I sent to the chairman of this subcommittee a few days ago.

I intend to testify on some of the background associated with Lake Placid's bid to host the 1980 winter Olympic games and my involvement with it. I intend also to testify on the merits of having increased facilities for our winter sports, which is an area of examination being conducted by the President's Commission on Olympic Sports. I also plan to discuss briefly the role and purpose of the President's Commission on Olympic Sports.

I am not an official spokesman for the executive branch, nor has the President's Commission on Olympic Sports taken an official position on the Lake Placid matter. It is my opinion, however, that the President's Commission on Olympic Sports would look favorably on Lake Placid's bid. Therefore, I am not in a position to discuss the merits of the amount of Federal funds Lake Placid is requesting and I testify as Executive Director of the President's Commission on Olympic Sports but not for the Commission as a whole.

In December 1973, I was a consultant to the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports. In that capacity, I was analyzinig amateur sports problems, since at that time the U.S. Congress was contemplating legislation to try to rectify some of the problems confronting amateur sports. The committee may be aware of some of the legislation that was being advanced at that time. As a result of this work I was performing, I became involved in a variety of activities, one of which was Lake Placid's bid to host the 1980 winter Oylmpic games. On December 4, 1973, Rev. J. Bernard Fell of the 1980 Winter Olympic Bid Committee for Lake Placid wrote then President Nixon requesting that the President endorse and support Lake Placid's bid before the International Olympic Committee to host the 1980 winter Olympic games.

Mr. ROONEY. Why have no moneys been appropriated or asked for in the budget? If this endorsement has come from the President and has come from you, why haven't they made some provision in the budget for some kind of funding for fiscal year 1977?

Mr. HARRIGAN. Mr. Chairman, I cannot answer that question. My involvement with this matter extended only up to the time of President Ford's letter in September of 1974. I have not been involved in it in any way, shape, or form since then and I cannot answer your question. I think that question would have to be directed to the Office of Management and Budget and those people who prepared the budget. I just don't know the answer to the question.

Mr. ROONEY. You may proceed.

Mr. HARRIGAN. The letter was forwarded to my office for response and any action. The letter requested that there be a meeting with appropriate members of the President's staff and Lake Placid's Olympic Bid Committee to discuss their bid as well as determine if any letter of support might be sent by the President.

On January 10, 1974, there was a meeting held at the offices of the President's Council on Physical Fitness in Sports to discuss this matter. Attending this meeting were representatives of Senator Javits, Congressman McEwen, the New York State Governor's office here in Washington, D.C., and a representative of then Congressman Bob Mathias' office, as well as members of the Lake Placid Organizing Committee. Senator Buckley's office was to send a representative but could not at the last second. I also invited representatives from Senator Tunney's office and Senator Pearson's office, who were then involved in amateur sports legislation, but they declined to attend at that time. After preliminary research of the material presented, the representatives of the legislators' office as well as myself determined that there should be a letter of support for this endeavor from the President of the United States. This was not a new and unique development since both Presidents Kennedy and Johnson had endorsed Lake Placid's bid to host the 1968 winter Olympic games. To that end, I wrote a memorandum to then Executive Director of the White House Domestic Council, Kenneth Cole. In that memorandum, I reviewed the substance of our meeting with the Lake Placid group and recommended that the President of the United States send a letter of endorsement to Lord Michael Killanin, president of the International Olympic Committee, endorsing Lake Placid's bid. The memorandum made clear that Lake Placid was going to need some Federal financial assistance in order to update its present facilities and build new ones on sites already being used as recreation land.

The memo also indicated that Lake Placid had conducted a referendum and that the people of Lake Placid were in favor of hosting the winter games in 1980. It was also clear at that time that Governor Rockefeller and then Governor Wilson supported Lake Placid's bid. A copy of this memorandum was sent to Mr. Frederick Malek, then the Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and Mr. William Timmons, Director of White House Congressional Liaison. After proper approval, former President Nixon sent the letter endorsing Lake Placid's bid on February 13, 1974, a copy of which I am sure you have before you.

When former President Nixon resigned in August of 1974, the Lake Placid group requested a second letter to be sent from President Ford to Lord Killanin. This letter was drafted and approved by appropriate people at the White House, signed by the President and sent to President Killanin of the IOC, dated September 19, 1974. I am sure that the committee has a copy of this letter. This represents the extent to which I have been involved in Lake Placid's bid to host the 1980 winter Olympic games.

I might comment, however, on my impressions of the Lake Placid group. I have been very impressed with their enthusiasm, professionalism, and desire to keep the Olympic games for what they should be the athletes. It is my understanding that they do not want to do a large commercial show that will obviate the purpose for which the Olympic games exist-for the opportunity for athletes of all nations. to compete in peace and friendship among each other.

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