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In this way we have an Adirondack council where people from the Adirondack area, transportation people, Adirondack Park people and others sit down and use transportation to meet the goals of the park area.

New York State DOT has no intention of building four-lane highways. We have no intention of adding any extra capacity to the highway system. We intend to utilize what we have.

The one item that we have considerable concern about is that the amendment that is being asked for says roadway widths should not be wider and shoulders should not be wider.

One of the items that we did initially was an inventory of the entire transportation system within the north country. There are many areas within the north country where the accident rate is indeed five times what it should be or five times what it is in other parts of the State. We feel that we should be given the opportunity to work through agencies such as the Adirondack Park Agency to follow the provisions of NEPA and other acts in order to take any highway modernization or any highway change and let it exist on its own worth.

We feel that a blanket restriction should not be placed on any work we do within the park area.

During the next 5 years approximately $40 million will be spent within the park area to do maintenance type work. This provides roughly 5,000 man-years of employment within the park area. We feel that is essential.

A good deal of this work used Federal funds and we feel that the 6 million acre park area should be given the opportunity to use Federal funds. We are concerned that work that would normally be done within the park area would be interpreted as work that is being done for the Olympic movement.

Mr. MCEWEN. One point might be added on this highway matter. I know Senator Stafford can put it correctly.

These highways are within the Adirondak Park, and under article 14 of the New York constitution, you cannot widen highways to put in additional lanes. There was a very limited authorization a few years ago. Am I correct that all that acreage has now been used, or substantially used?

Mr. CARLSON. There is a very small amount of acreage left.
Mr. McEwEN. It wouldn't take another highway lane.

Mr. CARLSON. Oh, no. It should be pointed out in this day and age when there is so much court action by people who object to highways being built, within the 6 million acre park area there is no court action. This shows that New York State DOT and the Federal/State relationship that has been set up over the years has come to the point that we are able to exist within the park area and to enhance the goals of the park area. We feel that it should exist the way it is today. Mr. ROONEY. We thank you very much, gentlemen. [The following statement was received for the record:]


Mr. Chairman and members of the Subcommittee on Transportation and Commerce. As a member of the Board of Governors of the Adirondack Mountain Club

and active in other conservation organizations, President Ronald MacKenzie appointed me to head the Council to oversee the environmental program for the 1980 Olympic Winter Games Organizing Committee.

From the beginning, in the late fall of 1974, it was my desire to involve representatives of the organized conservation groups in New York State in the planning and programming for the 1980 Olympic Winter Games. The reasons, simply stated were, (1) I wanted to have their expertise and knowledge of environmental concerns available to the committee, both to foresee any possible problems and to mitigate or prevent any environmental damage, and (2) by knowing first hand of our planning processes they would be able to better inform their membership on our activities.

At a meeting, held in Albany, N.Y. on January 11, 1975, consisting of a coalition of New York State based conservation organizations I extended an invitation to them to appoint people to our environmental council.

The initial response was not overwhelming, and we followed this with a letter inviting them to join with us in minimizing any environmental impact on the Lake Placid area for the 1980 games.

The environmental council had its first meeting on February 20, 1975 with representatives from five leading conservation organizations, the local planning and review boards, and members of the organizing committee. In addition observers attended from the Adirondack Park Agency and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Since that time the Council has had bi-monthly meetings. Newsletters were utilized to pass on important information between meetings. The minutes of the meetings as well as invitations to attend meetings are mailed to persons known to hold environmental concerns as applied to the 1980 Olympic winter games.

A subcommittee of the Council was selected to interview and select a firm to prepare an environmental impact assessment. This committee added the talents of professionals to its membership. The 12 members reviewed the formal proposals of 11 applicant companies most of whom proposed programs which enlisted two or more firms to accomplish the task before them. On January 22, 1975 the group assembled by Sasaki Associates, of Watertown, Mass. was selected to prepare the assessment. Other members of the consulting team include, Llewelyn Davies Associates of New York City, Equitable Environmental Health of Woodbury, N.Y., Gladstone Associates of Washington, D.C. and Attorney Robert J. Kafin of Glens Falls, N.Y. All of these firms have an extensive background in the preparation of environmental impact statements throughout the United States.

In order to meet the time constraints, imposed by the construction projections, it was absolutely necessary to have this firm begin its work in late January 1976. If no problems are encountered the final environmental impact statement should be approved by the Council on Environmental Quality early in 1977. Both our committee and Sasaki Associates are working closely with the Department of Commerce (United States) so that they will be able to prepare their draft environmental statement this summer.

We, that is the Lake Placid Organizing Committee, is very fortunate with the progress of our environmental program. First we are located in the Adirondack Park where the State constitution protects all of the State owned land, which is 76 percent of the Town of North Elba. In addition all of the private land is protected by extremely strict land use controls under the Adirondack Park Agency.

Second, we are fortunate that Lake Placid has maintained all of its 1932 Olympic sites and with the State of New York have added new, internationally ap proved facilities.

And last, but by no means least, the organizing committee itself insists that there be no lasting environmental damage.

We are indeed fortunate to have this set of circumstances whereby we can aid our ailing economy and yet have little adverse environmental impact.

Mr. ROONEY. That will conclude our hearings today. We will resume tomorrow at 2 p.m. in room 2218.

[Whereupon, at 4:35 p.m., the hearing adjourned to reconvene at 2 p.m. Thursday, March 4, 1976.]

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SUBCOMMITTEE ON TRANSPORTATION AND COMMERCE, COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE COMMERCE, Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 2 p.m., pursuant to notice, in room 2218, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Fred B. Rooney, chairman, presiding.

Mr. ROONEY. Today we are continuing with our hearings considering H.R. 8906, a bill authorizing funds for the holding of the 1980 winter Olympic games at Lake Placid, N.Y.

As I commented yesterday, I wholeheartedly support the concept of the Olympic games and the holding of the 1980 winter Olympic games at Lake Placid. It is a matter of national importance. Although this country has been abundantly blessed materially, there are numerous areas that sorely need improvement, such as employment, housing, and education. However, as one witness testified yesteday, our priorities should be balanced so as to provide some things for the enrichment of the spirit. Lake Placid exemplified this when it held the 1932 winter games at the height of the Great Depression. I believe that the holding of the 1980 games in this country will again show that we are not solely concerned with material benefits. Nevertheless, we are concerned that any bill we pass will satisfy our purposes by expending only the minimum amount necessary and will have adequate protection.

Without objection, the chair wishes to place in the record, as though read, a statement submitted by Congressman Peter A. Peyser of New York.


Mr. PEYSER. Mr. Chairman, I thank you for this opportunity to express my support for H.R. 8906 "Authority Appropriations for the winter Olympic games".

The Olympic games have always represented an outstanding opportunity for athletes from all over the world to engage in the finest competition in various sports. Hosting the Olympic games again would be an honor to the United States as well as to Lake Placid.

I have carefully reviewed the testimonies of the various Lake Placid Olympic organizing committee's staff members before this subcommittee and there is no question in my mind that they are approaching the development necessary in Lake Placid in a reasonable way.


I am confident that Lake Placid, N.Y. will generate an air of true sportsmanship, excellent Olympic facilities, and select tourist accommodations which are conducive to the vast exchanging of customs and cultures.

From our previous knowledge of Olympic villages and the complications they have had with construction and its impact upon the environment, I see it mandatory that we re-evaluate our purposes in desiring the Olympic games for the winter of 1980 in the United States. These games are held to provide the athletes with the opportunity to compete, and any construction should have that objective foremost in mind.

The Lake Placid area has consistently been the choice of winter sports advocates for competitions, and rightly so, for it has at hand the natural terrain for Olympic rated sports. I am confident that without a massive reconstruction effort we can sponsor an unsurpassed winter Olympics.

Due to the urgency, however, of making our commitment to the international games within the next month or two, I urge my colleagues to support this proposal and to take prompt action to appropriate this money.

Mr. ROONEY. Our first witness today will be the Honorable Mario M. Cuomo, secretary of state, State of New York. You may proceed, Mr. Cuomo.


Mr. CUOMO. Thank you, Chairman Rooney and Mr. Druham, for the opportunity to address the subcommittee this afternoon. I regard it as a high privilege, frankly one that I have been given only because of an unfortunate conflict in Governor Carey's schedule which made it impossible for him to appear personally as he intended to. As I am sure you are aware, the State of New York is presently undergoing one of its most serious fiscal crises in years, and the Governor at the moment is involved in an all-consuming effort to put together a fiscal package that will balance our budget, as we are legally obliged to, by the beginning of our new fiscal year in April.

He asked me, as a result, since he was forced to remain at the capitol in Albany, to appear in his stead and to convey to all his former colleagues and particularly to you, Chairman Rooney, his warm greetings, his regrets and his commitment to help assure the success of the 1980 Olympics at Lake Placid.

I serve as secretary of state, as you have noted, and the Governor selected me particularly because of my recent appointment to serve as coordinator of the new executive commission designed to bring to bear as efficiency as possible the resources of the entire State in connection with the 1980 games. This commission was, in fact, a formalization of

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