Aid and Reform in Africa: Lessons from Ten Case Studies

Front Cover
Shantayanan Devarajan, David Dollar, Torgny Holmgren
World Bank Publications, 2001 M01 1 - 696 pages
Winner of Choice magazine's Outstanding Academic Title award!Since the early 1980s, virtually every African country has received large amounts of aid to stimulate policy reform. The results have varied enormously. Ghana and Uganda were successful reformers that grew rapidly and reduced poverty. Ethiopia and Cote d'Ivoire have shown significant reform in recent years, but it remains to be seen whether it will be sustainable.'Aid and Reform in Africa' summarizes the findings from case studies that investigate whether, when, and how foreign aid has affected economic policy in Africa. The main findings are: • Policy formation is primarily driven by domestic political economy. • Large amounts of aid to countries with poor policies sustain those policies. • Overall, donors have not discriminated effectively among different countries and different phases of the reform process. The book concludes that donors have three basic instruments that they can use to encourage adoption of good economic policies in developing countries: money, conditionality, and technical assistance/policy dialog. The case studies in this project show examples in which each of these instruments helped countries' improve their policies.
 

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Page 160 - Programme Unesco United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund...
Page 462 - UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UNDP United Nations Development Programme UNEP United Nations Environment Programme...
Page 526 - HIPC heavily indebted poor countries IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development...
Page 509 - Concessional flows from bilateral donors are defined by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) as financial flows containing a grant element of at least 25 percent.
Page 162 - ... members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), to promote economic development and welfare.
Page xii - ... in these cases does not lead to successful policy change. • Aid plays a significant and positive role in the case of two sustained reformers (Ghana, Uganda). Finance grew as policy improved and increased the benefits of reform, helping to sustain political support. • Donors do not discriminate effectively among different countries and different phases of the reform process. Donors tend to provide the same package of assistance everywhere and at all times.
Page 659 - July 1986 were; i) to restructure and diversify the productive base of the economy in order to reduce dependence on the oil sector and imports...
Page 659 - ... lessen the dominance of unproductive investments in the public sector, improve the sector's efficiency and intensify the growth potential of the private sector (Adeotun 1990; Ihonvbere 1991; Aluko 1987).
Page 220 - NGO NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATION NIS NEW INDEPENDENT STATES (of the former Soviet Union) NSSDs NATIONAL STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ODA OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE ODF OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT FINANCE OECD ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT OECF OVERSEAS ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION FUND (Jap an, no w JBIC...
Page 220 - BCEAO Banque Centrale des Etats de l'Afrique de l'Ouest BEAC Banque des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale...

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