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EXTENSION OF INDOCHINA REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

PROGRAM

95-1

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON IMMIGRATION, CITIZENSHIP,

AND INTERNATIONAL LAW

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-FIFTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H.R. 9133, H.R. 9134, and H.R. 9110... EXTENSION OF INDOCHINA REFUGEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

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U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1977

96–725 0

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

PETER W. RODINO, JR., New Jersey, Chairman
JACK BROOKS, Texas

ROBERT MCCLORY, Illinois
ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin TOM RAILSBACK, Illinois
DON EDWARDS, California

CHARLES E. WIGGINS, California
JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan

HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York
JOSHUA EILBERG, Pennsylvania

M. CALDWELL BUTLER, Virginia
WALTER FLOWERS, Alabama

WILLIAM S. COHEN, Maine
JAMES R. MANN, South Carolina

CARLOS J. MOORHEAD, California
JOHN F. SEIBERLING, Ohio

JOHN M. ASHBROOK, Ohio
GEORGE E. DANIELSON, California

HENRY J. HY DE, Illinois
ROBERT F. DRINAN, Massachusetts

THOMAS N. KINDNESS, Ohio
BARBARA JORDAN, Texas

HAROLD S. SAWYER, Michigan
ELIZABETH HOLTZMAN, New York
ROMANO L. MAZZOLI, Kentucky
WILLIAM J. HUGHES, New Jersey
SAM B. HALL, JR., Texas
LAMAR GUDGER, North Carolina
HAROLD L. VOLKMER, Missouri
HERBERT E. HARRIS II, Virginia
JIM SANTINI, Nevada
ALLEN E. ERTEL, Pennsylvania
BILLY LEE EVANS, Georgia
ANTHONY C. BEILENSON, California

ALAN A. PARKER, General Counsel

GARNER J. CLINE, Staff Director
FRANKLIN G. POLK, Associate Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON IMMIGRATION, CITIZENSHIP, AND INTERNATIONAL LAW

JOSHUA EILBERG, Pennsylvania, Chairman
ELIZABETH HOLTZMAN, New York

HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York
SAM B. HALL, JR., Texas

HAROLD S. SAWYER, Michigan
HERBERT E. HARRIS II, Virginia
BILLY LEE EVANS, Georgia

GARNER J. CLINE, Counsel
ARTHUR P. ENDRES, Jr., Counsel
MARK R. ZECCA, Assistant Counsel
LEXANDER B. Cook, A88ociate Counsel

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WITNESSES
Breen, Stanley B., chairman, Coalition for the Effective Resettlement of
Indochina Refugees---

97
Prepared statement-

99

Carlin, James L., Deputy Assistant Secretary, Humanitarian Affairs, De-

partment of State -

34

DeWitt, John, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Consular Affairs, Depart-

ment of State..

34

Habib, Hon. Philip, Under Secretary for Political Affairs, Department of

State

34

Prepared statement -

35

Hohl, Donald, Associate Director, Migration and Refugee Services, U.S.
Catholic Conference.

113

Holman, Philip A., Director, Refugee Assistance Task Force, Department

of Health, Education, and Welfare_..

51

Klein, Wells, Vice Chairman, Committee on Migration and Refugee Affairs,

American Council of Voluntary Agencies for Foreign Service -

113

Prepared statement...

113

Lesi, Huong, Coordinator of Volunteer Services for United States Catholic

Conference

97

Prepared statement..

111

Levine, Ken, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Legislative Liaison, Department

of Health, Education, and Welfare--

51

Lourie, Norman, Executive Deputy Secretary for Federal Programs and

Policies

97

Lowman, Shepard, Assistant Secretary for Humanitarian Affairs, Depart-

ment of State -

34

MacDaniels, Jeanne, Regional Director, International Rescue Committee..- 113

Nicalo, Nancy, Director, Immigration Services, Church World Services_-.- 97, 113

Oakley, Robert, Deputy Assistant Secretary for East Asia, Department of

State

34

Stark. Hon. Fortney H., a Representative in Congress from the State of

California

87

Prepared statement -

88

Wortman, Donald, Deputy Commissioner, Social Security Administration,

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare...

51

Prepared statement.--

55

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ADDITIONAL MATERIAL

Califano, Hon. Joseph A., Jr., Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, Page letter dated September 23, 1977, to Hon. Peter W. Rodino, Jr.

80 Carlin, James L., Deputy Assistant Secretary for Human Rights and

Human Affairs, Department of State, letter dated August 26, 1977, to John E. McCarthy, director, Migration and Refugee Services, U.S. Catholic Conference

129 Minnesota Congressional Delegation, letter dated September 27, 1977, to Hon. Joshua Eilberg

97 Walters, Ingrid, acting chairman, Committee on Migration and Refugee

Affairs, American Council of Voluntary Agencies for Foreign Service,
Inc., letter dated August 3, 1977, to Hon. Elmer Staats, Comptroller
General, General Acounting Office ---

127

APPENDIXES

135 135 137 150

151

Appendix 1.–Additional statements submitted for the record.

A. Members of Congress_.

B. Concerned individuals/groups-
Appendix 2.-Congressional Budget Office memorandum.-
Appendix 3.-Additional questions submitted to Department of State with

answers and additional submission by the Department of State_. Appendix 4.-Additional questions submitted to Department of Health,

Education, and Welfare with answers and additional submission by
The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare----

A. Responses to questions.
B. Statistical information relating to resettlement..
C. Indochinese Refugee Children Assistance Act of 1976, Public Law

94 405 material.---
D. Additional information submitted by HEW
Appendix 5.—Correspondence--
Appendix 6.—News articles_
Appendix 7.—Letters relating to International Conference on Indochinese

Refugees

156 156 163

176 187 203 225

235

EXTENSION OF INDOCHINA REFUGEE ASSISTANCE

PROGRAM

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1977

U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON IMMIGRATION, CITIZENSHIP,

AND INTERNATIONAL LAW
OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 9:35 a.m., Hon. Joshua Eilberg (chairman of the subcommittee] presiding.

Present: Representatives Eilberg, Harris, Fish, and Sawyer.

Also present: Garner J. Cline and Arthur P. Endres, Jr., counsel; Mark R. Zecca, assistant counsel; and Alexander B. Cook, associate counsel.

Mr. EILBERG. The subcommittee will come to order.
The Chair recognizes Mr. Sawyer.

Mr. SAWYER, Mr. Chairman, I ask unanimous consent of the subcommittee to permit coverage of this hearing by television broadcast, radio broadcast, still photography, in accordance with committee rule 5.

Mr. EILBERG. Without objection permission is granted. Today's hearing has been called to consider identical proposals which have been introduced by Chairman Rodino-H.R. 9133—and myself-H.R. 9134—on behalf of the administration to extend the Indochina refugee assistance program.

That program is currently due to expire on the last day of this month, and it is for this reason that urgent action is required by the Congress if this program is to be extended.

It is recalled that the congressional intent surrounding the initial program which was authorized by the Indochina Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1975 was that it was to be one of limited duration. In fact, the legislative history surrounding both the authorization and appropriation legislation makes this intent quite clear. It should be noted that the legislative history reflected recognition of the fact that the Cuban refugee program has yet to be terminated, and has involved expenditures of over $i billion to date. I am, therefore, gratified, that the legislation before us today does not call for an indefinite extension of the program.

During the course of today's hearing we will attempt to discuss the respective roles and responsibilities of the Federal, State, and local governments and the voluntary agencies in the resettlement process.

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