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tion of the first House. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title II, § 207, 59 Stat. 618.)
REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 3 OF 1946
Prepared by the President and transmitted to the Senate and the House of Representatives in Congress assembled, May 16, 1946, pursuant to the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1945, approved December 20, 1945 (secs. 133y to 133y-16 of this title).
PART V. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
$ 501. Functions of certain agencies of the Department of Agriculture.—The following functions are hereby transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture and shall be performed by him or, subject to his direction and control, by such officers and agencies of the Department of Agriculture as he shall designate:
(a) All functions of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration and the Surplus Marketing Administration and of the respective heads of such Administrations.
(b) The administration of the programs of the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation and the Commodity Credit Corporation.
Part X. RECORDS, PROPERTY, PERSONNEL, AND FUNDS $ 1001. Transfer of records, property, personnel, and funds.-There are hereby transferred to the respective agencies in which functions are vested pursuant to the provisions of this plan, to be used, employed, and expended in connection with such functions, respectively, or in connection with winding up the outstanding affairs of agencies abolished by this plan, (1) the records and property now being used or held in connection with such functions, (2) the personnel employed in connection with such functions, and (3) the unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations, or other funds available or to be made available for use in connection with such functions.
§ 1002. Disposition of excess personnel.-Any of the personnel transferred under this plan which the transferee agency shall find to be in excess of the personnel necessary for the administration of the functions transferred to such agency by such plan shall be retransferred under existing law to other positions in the Government or separated from the service.
$ 1003. Dispositions by Director of the Bureau of the Budget.-Such further measures and dispositions as the Director of the Bureau of the Budget shall determine to be necessary in order to effectuate the provisions of this part or in order to wind up the outstanding affairs relating to agencies or functions abolished by this plan shall be carried out in such manner as the Director may direct and by such agencies as he may designate.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
FUNCTIONS OF CERTAIN AGENCIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
To enable the Department of Agriculture to meet its responsibilities for food production and distribution during the war, there was early and continuing coordination of its programs directly concerned with these phases of the food problem. Beginning with Executive Order No. 9069 of February 23, 1942 (set out as a note under section 601 of Appendix to Title 50), those programs and agencies dealing with food production and distribution were gradually consolidated by a series of Executive orders issued under the authority of the First War Powers Act [sections 601-622 of Appendix to Title 50]. By Executive Order No. 9334 of April 19, 1943, they were all grouped into a War Food Administration, under a War Food Administrator.
When the fighting was drawing to a close and the emergency purposes of the War Food Administration had been largely accomplished, this Administration was terminated by Executive Order No. 9577 of June 29, 1945 (set out as a note under section 601 of Appendix to Title 50], and its functions and agencies were transferred back to the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Agriculture. Executive Order No. 9577 also authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to organize and
in his message transmitting the plan declares, that by reason of transfers, consolidations and coordinations made by the plan, the responsibilities and duties of such head are of such nature as to require such action. The head so provided for may be an individual or may be a commission or board with two or more members. In the case of any such appointment the term of office shall not be fixed at more than four years, the compensation shall not be at a rate in excess of $10,000 per annum, and, if the appointment is not under the classified civil service, it shall be by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate;
(3) shall make provision for the transfer or other disposition of the records, property, and personnel affected by any transfer, consolidation, coordination, or abolition;
(4) shall make provision for the transfer of such unexpended balances of appropriations available for use in connection with any function or agency transferred, consolidated, or coordinated, as he deems necessary by reason of the transfer, consolidation, or coordination for use in connection with the transferred, consolidated, or coordinated functions, or for the use of the agency to which the transfer is made, but such unexpended balances so transferred shall be used only for the purposes for which such appropriation was originally made;
(5) shall make provision for winding up the affairs of any agency abolished. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, S 4, 59 Stat. 614.)
$ 133y-3. Limitations on reorganization plans; agencies exempted; termination of power to effect reorganization.-(a) No reorganization plan shall provide for, and no reorganization under sections 133y to 133y-16 of this title shall have the effect of
(1) abolishing or transferring an executive department or all the functions thereof or establishing any new executive department; or
(2) changing the name of any executive department or the title of its head, or designating any agency as “Department” or its head as “Secretary”; or
(3) continuing any agency beyond the period authorized by law for its existence or beyond the time when it would have terminated if the reorganization had not been made; or
(4) continuing any function beyond the period authorized by law for its exercise, or beyond the time when it would have terminated if the reorganization had not been made, or beyond the time when the agency in which it was vested before the reorganization would have terminated if the reorganization had not been made; or
(5) authorizing any agency to exercise any function which is not expressly authorized by law at the time the plan is transmitted to the Congress; or
(6) imposing, in connection with the exercise of any quasi-judicial or quasi-legislative function possessed by an independent agency, any greater limitation upon the exercise of independent judgment and discretion, to the full extent authorized by law, in the carrying out of such function, than existed with respect to the exercise of such function by the agency in which it was vested prior to the taking effect of such reorganization; except that this prohibition shall not prevent the abolition of any such function; or
(7) increasing the term of any office beyond that provided by law for such office.
(b) No reorganization plan shall provide for any reorganization affecting any agency named below in this subsection; except that this prohibition shall not apply to the transfer to such agency of the whole or any part of, or the whole or any part of the functions of, any agency not so named. No reorganization contained in any reorganization plan shall take effect if the reorganization plan is in violation of this subsection. The agencies above referred to in this subsection are as follows: Interstate Commerce Commission, Federal Trade Commission, Securities and Exchange Commission, National Mediation Board, National Railroad Adjustment Board, and Railroad Retirement Board.
(C). No reorganization plan shall provide for any reorganization affecting any civil function of the Corps of Engineers of the United States Army, or of its head, or affecting such Corps or its head with respect to any such civil function. No reorganization contained in any reorganization plan shall take effect if the reorganization plan is in violation of this subsection.
(d) No reorganization plan shall provide for a reorganization affecting any agency named below in this subsection if it also provides for a reorganization which does not affect such agency; except that this prohibition shall not apply to the transfer to such agency of the whole or any part of, or the whole or any part of the functions of, any agency not so named. No reorganization contained in any reorganization plan shall take effect if the reorganization plan is in violation of this subsection. The agencies above referred to in this subsection are as follows: Federal Communications Commission, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, United States Tariff Commission, and Veterans' Administration.
(e) If, since January 1, 1945, Congress has by law established the status of any agency in relation to other agencies or transferred any function to any agency, no reorganization plan shall provide for, and no reorganization under sections 133y to 133y-16 of this title shall have the effect of, changing the status of such agency in relation to other agencies or of abolishing any such transferred function or providing for its exercise by or under the supervision of any other agency.
(f) No reorganization specified in a reorganization plan shall take effect unless the plan is transmitted to the Congress before April 1, 1948. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, § 5, 59 Stat. 615.)
§ 133y-4. Effective date of reorganization specified in plan.-(a) The reorganizations specified in the plan shall take effect in accordance with the plan upon the expiration of the first period of sixty calendar days, of continuous session of the Congress, following the date on which the plan is transmitted to it; but only if, between the date of transmittal and the expiration of such sixty-day period there has not been passed by the two Houses a concurrent resolution stating in substance that the Congress does not favor the reorganization plan.
(b) For the purposes of subsection (a)—
(1) continuity of session shall be considered as broken only by an adjournment of the Congress sine die; but
(2) in the computation of the sixty-day period there shall be excluded the days on which either House is not in session because of an adjournment of more than three days to a day certain; except that if a resolution (as defined in section 113y-11 of this title) with respect to such reorganization plan has been passed by one House
and sent to the other, no exclusion under this paragraph shall be made by reason of adjournments of the first House taken thereafter.
(c) Any provision of the plan may, under provisions contained in the plan, be made operative at a time later than the date on which the plan shall otherwise take effect. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, $ 6. 59 Stat. 616.)
§ 133y-5. Definition of "agency.”—When used in sections 133y to 133y-16 of this title, the term "agency” means any executive department, commission, independent establishment, corporation wholly or partly owned by the United States which is an instrumentality of the United States, board, bureau, division, service, office, officer, authority, administration, or other establishment, in the executive branch of the Government. Such term does not include the Comptroller General of the United States or the General Accounting Office, which are a part of the legislative branch of the Government. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, $ 7,59 Stat. 616.)
§ 133y-6. What constitutes a “reorganization.”—For the purposes of sections 133y to 133y-16 of this title any transfer, consolidation, coordination, abolition, change or designation of name or title, disposition, winding up of affairs, or provision for the appointment and compensation of the head or assistant heads of an agency, referred to in sections 133y-1 or 133y-2 of this title, shall be deemed a “reorganization.” (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title 1, $ 8, 59 Stat. 616.)
§ 133y-7. Effect of transfer or consolidation on statutes and regulations or other actions; definition; effect on pending legal proceedings.-(a) (1) Any statute enacted, and any regulation or other action made, prescribed, issued, granted, or performed, in respect of or by any agency or function transferred to, or consolidated or coordinated with, any other agency or function under the provisions of sections 133y to 133y-16 of this title, before the effective date of such transfer, consolidation, or coordination, shall, except to the extent rescinded, modified, superseded, or made inapplicable by or under authority of law, have the same effect as if such transfer, consolidation, or coordination had not been made; but where any such statute, regulation, or other action has vested functions in the agency from which the transfer is made under the plan, such functions shall, insofar as they are to be exercised after the transfer, be considered as vested in the agency to which the transfer is made under the plan.
(2) As used in paragraph (1) of this subsection the term “regulation or other action" means any regulation, rule, order, policy, determination, directive, authorization, permit, privilege, requirement, designation, or other action.
(b) No suit, action, or other proceeding lawfully commenced by or against the head of any agency or other officer of the United States, in his official capacity or in relation to the discharge of his official duties, shall abate by reason of the taking effect of any reorganization under the provisions of said sections, but the court may, on motion or supplemental petition filed at any time within twelve months after such reorganization takes effect, showing a necessity for a survival of such suit, action, or other proceeding to obtain a settlement of the questions involved, allow the same to be maintained by or against the successor of such head or officer under the reorganization so effected or, if there be no such successor, against such agency or officer as the President shall designate. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, $ 9,59 Stat. 617.)
$ 133y-8. Effect on unexpended appropriations.—The appropriations or portions of appropriations unexpended by reason of the operation of sections 133y to 133y-16 of this title shall not be used for any purpose, but shall be impounded and returned to the Treasury. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, S 10,59 Stat. 617.)
$ 133y-9. Publication of reorganization plans.-If the reorganizations specified in a reorganization plan take effect, the reorganization plan shall be printed in the Statutes at Large in the same volume as the public laws, and shall be printed in the Federal Register. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title I, § 11, 59 Stat. 617.)
$ 133y-10. Rules of Senate and House of Representatives in case of resolutions on reorganization plans.-Sections 133y-10 to 133y-16 of this title are enacted by the Congress:
(a) As an exercise of the rule-making power of the Senate and the House of Representatives, respectively, and as such they shall be considered as part of the rules of each House, respectively, but applicable only with respect to the procedure to be followed in such House in the case of resolutions (as defined in section 133y-11 of this title); and such rules shall supersede other rules only to the extent that they are inconsistent therewith; and
(b) With full recognition of the constitutional right of either House to change such rules (so far as relating to the procedure in such House) at any time, in the same manner and to the same extent as in the case of any other rule of such House. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title II, $ 201, 59 Stat. 617.)
$ 133y-11. Definition of "resolution.”-As used in sections 133y-10 to 133y-16 of this title, the term “resolution” means only a concurrent resolution of the two Houses of Congress, the matter after the resolving clause of which is as follows: "That the Congress does not favor the reorganization plan numbered transmitted to Congress by the President on
19.", the blank spaces therein being appropriately filled; and does not include a concurrent resolution which specifies more than one reorganization plan. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title II, $ 202, 59 Stat. 618.)
8 133y-12. Reference of resolution of reorganization plan to committee.-A resolution with respect to a reorganization plan shall be referred to a committee (and all resolutions with respect to the same plan shall be referred to the same committee) by the President of the Senate or the Speaker of the House of Representatives, as the case may be. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title II, $ 203, 59 Stat. 618.)
$ 133y-13. Discharge of committee considering reorganization plan resolution.—(a) If the committee to which has been referred a resolution with respect to a reorganization plan has not reported it before the expiration of ten calendar days after its introduction (or, in the case of a resolution received from the other House, ten calendar days after its receipt), it shall then (but not before) be in order to move either to discharge the committee from further consideration of such resolution, or to discharge the committee from further consideration of any other resolution with respect to such reorganization plan which has been referred to the committee.
(b) Such motion may be made only by a person favoring the resolution, shall be highly privileged (except that it may not be made after the committee has reported a resolution with respect to the same reorganization plan), and debate thereon shall be limited to not