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3 6105 062 563 122 COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT REFORM
DAN BURTON, Indiana, Chairman BENJAMIN A. GILMAN, New York
HENRY A. WAXMAN, California CONSTANCE A. MORELLA, Maryland TOM LANTOS, California CHRISTOPHER SHAYS, Connecticut
ROBERT E. WISE, JR., West Virginia ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN, Florida
MAJOR R. OWENS, New York JOHN M. MCHUGH, New York
EDOLPHUS TOWNS, New York STEPHEN HORN, California
PAUL E. KANJORSKI, Pennsylvania JOHN L. MICA, Florida
PATSY T. MINK, Hawaii THOMAS M. DAVIS, Virginia
CAROLYN B. MALONEY, New York DAVID M. MCINTOSH, Indiana
ELEANOR HOLMES NORTON, Washington, MARK E. SOUDER, Indiana
DC JOE SCARBOROUGH, Florida
CHAKA FATTAH, Pennsylvania STEVEN C. LATOURETTE, Ohio
ELIJAH E. CUMMINGS, Maryland MARSHALL “MARK” SANFORD, South DENNIS J. KUCINICH, Ohio Carolina
ROD R. BLAGOJEVICH, Illinois BOB BARR, Georgia
DANNY K. DAVIS, Illinois DAN MILLER, Florida
JOHN F. TIERNEY, Massachusetts ASA HUTCHINSON, Arkansas
JIM TURNER, Texas LEE TERRY, Nebraska
THOMAS H. ALLEN, Maine
HAROLD E. FORD, JR., Tennessee
BERNARD SANDERS, Vermont
(Independent) HELEN CHENOWETH, Idaho
KEVIN BINGER, Staff Director
DANIEL R. MOLL, Deputy Staff Director
CARLA J. MARTIN, Chief Clerk
SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY, VETERANS AFFAIRS, AND INTERNATIONAL
CHRISTOPHER SHAYS, Connecticut, Chairman MARK E. SOUDER, Indiana
ROD R. BLAGOJEVICH, Illinois ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN, Florida
TOM LANTOS, California JOHN M. MCHUGH, New York
ROBERT E. WISE, JR., West Virginia JOHN L. MICA, Florida
JOHN F. TIERNEY, Massachusetts DAVID M. MCINTOSH, Indiana
THOMAS H. ALLEN, Maine MARSHALL “MARK” SANFORD, South EDOLPHUS TOWNS, New York Carolina
BERNARD SANDERS, Vermont LEE TERRY, Nebraska
(Independent) JUDY BIGGERT, Illinois HELEN CHENOWETH, Idaho
DAN BURTON, Indiana
HENRY A. WAXMAN, California
JONATHAN WHARTON, Clerk
GOVERNMENTWIDE SPENDING TO COMBAT TERRORISM: GENERAL ACCOUNTING OF. FICE VIEWS ON THE PRESIDENT'S ANNUAL REPORT
THURSDAY, MARCH 11, 1999
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
AFFAIRS, AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS,
Washington, DC. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 1 pm., in room 2247, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Christopher Shays, (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Present: Representatives Shays, Blagojevich and Mica.
Also present: Lawrence J. Halloran, staff director and counsel; Michele Lang, professional staff member; Jonathan Wharton, clerk; Earley Green, minority staff assistant; and David Rapallo, minority counsel.
Mr. SHAYS. I'd like to call this hearing to order.
Events like the World Trade Center bombing and the release of poison gas in a Tokyo subway crystalize our fears and galvanize our determination to confront terrorism. In response to a threat that approaches our shores from many directions in many forms against many potential targets, more than 40 Federal departments, agencies and programs will spend $9.2 billion this year to combat terrorism.
Today we examine those governmentwide efforts to detect, deter, prevent and respond to terrorist attacks, continuing work begun by this subcommittee's previous chairman, Speaker Hastert. We ask how a sprawling and growing anti-terrorism and counter-terrorism program is being coordinated across the notoriously previously bureaucratic barriers.
We ask how priorities are set, how risks are measured and how responses are designed to augment, not duplicate or replace existing local, State and Federal capabilities.
These are not easy questions. By its very nature terrorism is unpredictable, even irrational, and may confound standard methods of risk analysis. For example, current threat assessments conclude conventional weapons, guns and bombs, remain the terrorists most likely choice, but the most unlikely threat, the use of biological or chemical weapons to inflict mass casualties would have the most devastating consequences.