Power, Gender and Social Change in Africa
Gender plays a hugely significant and too often under-considered role in predicting how accessible resources such as education, wage-based employment, physical and mental health care, adequate nutrition and housing will be to an individual or community.
According to a 2001 World Bank report titled Engendering Development—Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources, and Voice, enormous disparities exist between men and women in terms of basic rights and the power to determine the future, both in Africa and around the globe. A better understanding of the links between gender, public policy and development outcomes would allow for more effective policy formulation and implementation at many levels. This book, through its discussion of the challenges, achievements and lessons learned in efforts to attain gender equality, sheds light on these important issues.
The book contains chapters from an interdisciplinary group of scholars, including sociologists, economists, political scientists, scholars of law, anthropologists, historians and others. The work includes analysis of strategic gender initiatives, case studies, research, and policies as well as conceptual and theoretical pieces.
With its format of ideas, resources and recorded experiences as well as theoretical models and best practices, the book is an important contribution to academic and political discourse on the intricate links between gender, power, and social change in Africa and around the world.
The East African Cases: Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda Rwanda, Tanzania and
Uganda have also experienced transitions in the past two decades. Uganda was
first, with the National Resistance Movement (NRM) wresting power from the ...
In Tanzania, a small number of 'special' seats for women existed during the
single-party era, though not for the purpose of redressing historic imbalances, but
rather with the goal of enhancing the representation of varied interests in a ...
Tanzania's late 2005 election brought 97 women into parliament out of 319 (30.4
percent): 75 to seats reserved for women, 17 to directly-elected constituency-
based seats, two to reserved seats from Zanzibar and three appointed by the ...
As Meena (2004, 85) asks, “When women and gender-related issues are in
conflict with the party interest, what position will these women [in reserved seats]
take?” A concern expressed by many women activists in Tanzania is the potential
10According to the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), of the 324 members in
Tanzania's Bunge, 232 are directly elected, ... observed that Tanzania was keen
to involve women in politics and felt compelled to implement Commonwealth and