Power, Gender and Social Change in Africa
Gender plays a hugely significant and too often under-considered role in predicting how accessible resources such as education, wage-based employment, physical and mental health care, adequate nutrition and housing will be to an individual or community.
According to a 2001 World Bank report titled Engendering Development—Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources, and Voice, enormous disparities exist between men and women in terms of basic rights and the power to determine the future, both in Africa and around the globe. A better understanding of the links between gender, public policy and development outcomes would allow for more effective policy formulation and implementation at many levels. This book, through its discussion of the challenges, achievements and lessons learned in efforts to attain gender equality, sheds light on these important issues.
The book contains chapters from an interdisciplinary group of scholars, including sociologists, economists, political scientists, scholars of law, anthropologists, historians and others. The work includes analysis of strategic gender initiatives, case studies, research, and policies as well as conceptual and theoretical pieces.
With its format of ideas, resources and recorded experiences as well as theoretical models and best practices, the book is an important contribution to academic and political discourse on the intricate links between gender, power, and social change in Africa and around the world.
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In Uganda a first-past-the-post electoral system (FPTP) has been utilized for
directly elected 'constituency' MPs since the country's first post-transition election
in 1989. In addition, reserved 'district' seats for women were introduced during
the Chamber of Deputies be composed of 80 members—53 elected by universal
suffrage plus 24 women members (30 percent of the total) elected from the
provinces and the city of Kigali (two representatives from each); in addition two
In addition to those 74 seats, women in Uganda were directly elected to 14
constituency seats in the national legislature and one more woman was elected
to an additional seat for the army for a total of 89 parliamentary seats (27.6
necessarily included in party constitutions. According to Ruth Meena (2004, 84),
in 2000 only the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi “made its mechanism a little more
competitive by allowing women party members to elect their representatives and
10According to the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), of the 324 members in
Tanzania's Bunge, 232 are directly elected, 75 are in seats reserved for women,
5 are in seats indirectly elected from Zanzibar, of which 2 are reserved for ...