Power, Gender and Social Change in Africa
Gender plays a hugely significant and too often under-considered role in predicting how accessible resources such as education, wage-based employment, physical and mental health care, adequate nutrition and housing will be to an individual or community.
According to a 2001 World Bank report titled Engendering Development—Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources, and Voice, enormous disparities exist between men and women in terms of basic rights and the power to determine the future, both in Africa and around the globe. A better understanding of the links between gender, public policy and development outcomes would allow for more effective policy formulation and implementation at many levels. This book, through its discussion of the challenges, achievements and lessons learned in efforts to attain gender equality, sheds light on these important issues.
The book contains chapters from an interdisciplinary group of scholars, including sociologists, economists, political scientists, scholars of law, anthropologists, historians and others. The work includes analysis of strategic gender initiatives, case studies, research, and policies as well as conceptual and theoretical pieces.
With its format of ideas, resources and recorded experiences as well as theoretical models and best practices, the book is an important contribution to academic and political discourse on the intricate links between gender, power, and social change in Africa and around the world.
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Shireen Hassim and Sheila Meintjes (2005, 4) argue that efforts to break down the barriers to women's equal political participation “signal that there is room for women's agency to shape politics, and that formal political rights are an ...
... part on the argument that PR systems favor women (Britton 2006, 65-66; Bauer 2006, 91). In Bauer: Electoral Gender Quotas in Eastern and Southern Africa 11.
Colleen Lowe Morna (2004, 62) argues that internal struggles to secure the ANC's 30 percent quota have been “a key mobilizing tool for women, and a critical component of transforming the attitudes of men within the party.
Indeed, Hassim and Meintjes (2005, 21) argue that bringing more women into parliament is “relatively costless electorally” when a Bauer: Electoral Gender Quotas in Eastern and Southern Africa 15.
... argues, the 'add-on' mechanism used in Uganda, whereby “new public space reserved exclusively for women...” is created, is highly problematic (2003, 118). Rather than “giving women advantages in political contests 16 Chapter One.