Water Resources Management and the Environment

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CRC Press, 2001 M01 1 - 448 pages
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Addressing the techno-socio-economic challenges involved in the protection, conservation, recycling and equitable utilization of water as an economic good, this text explores the linkages and dynamics of interactions involving water, and includes the following key topic areas: dynamics of interactions involving water; water quality; augmentation and conservation of water resources; wastewater reuse systems; use of water in agriculture; industrial and municipal uses of water; water pollution; economics and management of water supplies; etiology of water-related diseases; climate change impacts on water resources and paradigms of water resource management.

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
12 From Rainwater to terrestrial waters
3
13 Water Cycle
5
14 World Water Balance
14
15 Hydrogeology of surface water
22
16 Hydrogeology of groundwater
25
17 Dimensions of water resources management
47
18 Global databases for water resources
52
614 Methodology of optimal irrigation management
223
615 Nile Delta A case study
226
References
227
INDUSTRIAL AND MUNICIPAL USES OF WATER
229
72 Use of water in industry
230
73 Municipal use of water
233
74 Miscellaneous uses of water
235
75 Medicinal industrial and thermal waters
236

References
55
DYNAMICS OF INTERACTIONS INVOLVING WATER
57
22 Temporal and spatial changes in water composition
61
23 Evolution of water chemistry in the water cycle
65
24 Role of water in the secondary processes
67
25 Chemical and isotopic tracing
73
26 Thermodynamics of hydrogeochemical processes
80
27 Role of microorganisms in hydrochemical interactions
81
28 Hydrochemistry and freshwater ecosystems
84
29 Geochemistry of water rock interaction
85
210 Evolution of groundwater quality in a wet zone
97
211 Biogeochemcal cycles
100
WATER QUALITY
103
321 Areas of science and technology involved in water quality
104
33 Water quality in relation to water use
112
34 Water quality monitoring systems
116
35 Quality of surface waters
119
36 Quality of groundwater
125
References
134
AUGMENTATION AND CONSERVATION OF WATER RESOURCES
137
42 Harvesting of surface runoff
139
43 Groundwater recharge
146
44 Tapping of groundwater inflow into the sea
148
45 Amelioration of mine water
150
46 Desalinization of salt water
156
References
157
WASTEWATER REUSE SYSTEMS
159
52 Conventional wastewater treatment
160
53 Biopond treatment of waste water
166
54 Types of wastewater reuse
170
55 Use of wastewater in irrigation
175
56 Economics of wastewater reuse
181
57 Health hazards in wastewater reuse
182
58 Use of sewage sludge as fertilizer
183
References
185
USE OF WATER IN AGRICULTURE
187
62 Reservoir management
191
63 Natural water system in an agricultural region
201
64 Soil moisture
203
65 Why crop plants need water
206
66 Water use yield relationships
208
67 SPAC Soil Plant Atmosphere Continuum
209
69 Infiltration under various irrigation regimes
214
610 Irrigation scheduling
217
611 Irrigation efficiency
218
613 Environmental impact of irrigation
222
References
239
WATER POLLUTION
241
82 Leachates from solid wastes sourcewise
242
83 Pollution from liquid wastes sourcewise
248
84 Contaminants typewise
252
85 Anthropogenic acidification of waters
260
86 Water pollution arising from waste disposal
262
87 Transport of contaminant solutes in aquifers
267
88 Flushing and aquifer cleanup
280
References
281
ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT OF WATER SUPPLIES
283
92 Water resource inventories
285
93 Economic value of water
289
94 Price coordination of water supplies
295
95 Optimization methods in water management
300
96 Allocation of water to competing users
303
Reference
308
ETIOLOGY OF DISEASES ARISING FROM TOXIC ELEMENTS IN DRINKING WATER
311
102 Arseniasis
314
103 Fluorosis
328
104 Risk Assessment
335
References
337
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
339
112 Climate shifts during the Holocene
342
113 Climate Change Water and Health
345
114 Climate Change impacts on aquatic ecosystems
348
115 Climate Change and the Hydrological Cycle
351
116 Climate Change impacts on water supplies
352
117 Adaptation Scenarios
354
References
357
PARADIGMS OF WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
359
122 Groundwater protection
365
123 Groundwater monitoring systems
370
124 Conjunctive use of water resources
376
125 Water management under drought conditions
379
126 Water management under flood conditions
384
127 Planning of sustainable water supply systems
388
128 Global freshwater supply crisis
393
129 Decision support system for water resources management
396
1210 Epilogue
398
References
402
EXERCISES
405
APPENDICES
409
AUTHOR INDEX
415
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About the author (2001)

U. Aswathanarayana, has over 50 years of research and teaching experience in India, Tanzania and Mozambique and in the United States of America, United Kingdom and Canada. His specializations include Nuclear Geology, Geochemistry, Economic Geology and Natural Resources Management. The author is currently engaged in the development of the Mahadevan International Centre for Water Resources Management, Hyderabad, India, which is a part of the UNESCO – TWAS Network of Scientific Organizations.

The Editor was awarded the prestigious Excellence in Geophysical Education Award (2005) of the American Geophysical Union for his meritorious contributions to the paradigm shift in geoscience instruction. Previous books by U. Aswathanarayana, published by A.A. Balkema Publishers, are Principles of Nuclear Geology (1986), Water Resources Management and the Environment (2001) and Mineral Resources Management and the Environment (2003).

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