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pay was $6,000. Median income for all veterans from all sources was $44 per week.

[From the Peoria (Ill.) Journal-Star, March 23, 1947]


Housing for 16,653 families is needed in the Peoria-Pekin area.

If several hundred houses could be built this year on an attractive location within 30 minutes of downtown Peoria, 6,153 people would purchase at an average of $5,326.27, at an average monthly payment of $40.01.

Of the total number, 5,276 are eligible for Veterans' Administration assistance. This is the situation revealed in a survey of the Peoria-Pekin area conducted in January and February by 17 companies under the sponsorship of the Peoria Clearing House Association and the Peoria Savings and Loan League in an endeavor to find at least a partial solution to the current housing shortage.

Out of a total of 17,503 questionnaires sent out, only 505 were not returned. Negative replies were sent in by 345.

Geographically there were 3,807 responses from Peorians to the questionnaire; 500 from East Peoria; 319, Pekin; 144, Washington; 133, Creve Coeur; 69, Bloomington; 53, Canton; 52, Morton; 48 each from Bartonville and Farmington; 38, Lincoln; 37, Metamora. Mason City was next with 28 responses and 145 other towns came through with from 1 to 21 replies.

In Peoria County 5,196 reported they were paying for their own homes and in Tazewell County the count was 2,681.

Of those who indicated an inclination to purchase homes, 4,663 prefer to cook with gas; 576, electricity; 274 would burn oil and 376 would use other types of fuel. Electric refrigeration was preferred by 4,410; 540 chose ice; 115, gas; and 10 indicated they would like to use oil.

Gas heat was the preference of 2,688; 2,247 would use coal; 908 specified oil; and 131 electricity.

To the question on type of basement preferred 5,184 want complete basements and 512 wouldn't want any if adequate storage space and good heat is provided. Partial basement would be all right for 322.

Two bedrooms would be sufficient for 2,996; three are required by 2,064; and one is sufficient according to 519. Four bedrooms were specified as necessary to 382, and 101 need 5 or more.

In answer to the preferred width of lot, 2,106 preferred 60 feet; 1,279 would be satisfied with 50 feet; 699 want 70; 586 want 80; and 274 want lots 90 feet wide. Another 676 would build on 100 feet and 312 want even wider lots.

On the depth of the lot, 2,683 expressed a preference for 150 feet; 1,301 for 120; 794 for 175 foot depth; 593 thought 100 feet would suit their needs; and 509 wanted over 175-foot depth.

The survey revealed that 4,185 are sharing their present quarters with another family, while 1,151 reported they were sharing with more than one family. Present quarters unsuited to needs were reported by 7,751.

Those who indicated they were interested in obtaining a place to live by purchasing a home numbered 4,497; 3,510 would like to build; 760 were interested in renting an apartment; and 890 were interested in renting a house.

Nonveterans responding to the questionnaire outnumbered veterans in the poll to purchase houses already built and in a desire to build for themselves.

But veterans were willing to put more into the cost of purchase or building. Veterans average approximate price for a house was $5,388 and for the nonvet the average price was $5,264.55.

A normal household of 2 was indicated by 1,487, while 1,456 reported 3, and 1,229 reported 4; 708 reported 5 in the family; 433 were singles; 309 reported 6; and 144 reported 7 as normal for them.

Average price indicated for a two-bedroom house was $5,068.30, with $5,662.86 for three bedrooms.

Taken as a whole, answers to the questionnaire were complete, although a few failed to designate male or female and still another few did not express a preference for the type of refrigeration, heating device, or basement.

The highest figures in the no-answer department was 1,613, who did not specify whether they were eligible to Veterans' Administration assistance.

A reported 956 do not own their own refrigerators.

March 27, 1947.


Chairman, Committee on Banking and Currency,

Senate Office Building, Washington, D. C.

DEAR SENATOR TOBEY: Enclosed herewith are two telegrams I have just received. You will note both Mr. Clarke and Miss Kelly request that their views be recorded and I am, therefore, forwarding the telegrams to you for your information.

With kind regards, I am,

Sincerely yours,


MILWAUKEE, WIs., March 27, 1947.


Senate Banking and Currency Committee,

Senate Office Building, Washington, D. C.:

Fifty thousand CIO members in Milwaukee County join with numerous civic groups in urging you to support Taft-Ellender bill S. 866 to the fullest extent. Please make this a part of the committee record.

GLENN M. CLARKE, Secretary-treasurer, Milwaukee County CIO Council.



MILWAUKEE, Wis., March 27, 1947.

United States Senate, Washington, D. C.:
Please record my support on the Wagner-Ellender bill S. 866.



OFFICE OF THE MAYOR, Redlands, Calif., March 28, 1947.

Chairman, Senate Committee on Banking and Currency,

Washington, D. C.

MY DEAR SIR: In your current consideration of the Wagner-Ellender-Taft bill, please accept my earnest wish for favorable action.

In this community as well as in many throughout the Nation, the need for housing of the type that is contemplated by this legislation is the urgent need of the hour.

Your activity in behalf of this highly deserving measure is personally appreciated. May you succeed early. Respectfully yours,

Mayor of Redlands.



Columbus, March 28, 1947.

In re: Conversion legislation.


Secretary, Committee on Banking and Currency,
United States Senate, Washington, D. C.

DEAR MR. HILL: Our attention has been called to the hearings now being held on S. 866 commonly known as the Taft-Ellender-Wagner bill.

In reviewing section 502 of the proposed act, we are of the opinion that that portion of the act pertaining to requirement of the approval of the Board of the Federal Home Loan Bank Administration and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation before a Federal savings and loan company could convert to a State-chartered institution should be eliminated. We are further of the opinion that conversion would be retarded if this language were to remain in the proposed act and further that an association should be permitted to decide freely

without outside interference whether it chooses to be a State or Federal institution.

Very truly yours,

JOHN R. HARCHA, Superintendent of Building and Loan Associations.


Whereas there now exists, and for a long time there has existed, in the city of Newark and its surrounding suburbs, a deplorable shortage of housing for families in all income brackets; and

Whereas this housing shortage is seriously affecting the lives of our citizens, causing a break-down of family life, the further postponement of marriages of veterans, an instability in the labor market, increasing migration of families from our city, and increasing overcrowding of present dwellings; and Whereas this condition is contributing to juvenile delinquency and crime, and adversely affects a large segment of the population, particularly the veterans; and

Whereas there has been introduced in Congress a general housing bill known as S. 866-the Taft-Ellender-Wagner bill-designated to alleviate this situation by encouraging home building by public and private enterprise, for all income groups, through increased FHA insurance, lengthened repayment periods, reduced interest rates, expanded lending powers, yield insurance to encourage institutional investment in large-scale rental housing, financial assistance to cities for land assembly and redevelopment of blighted areas, and a continuance of the public low-rent housing: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved, That the Board of Commissioners of the City of Newark urge the early enactment by Congress of S. 866, so that public and private enterprise can undertake the immediate large-scale home-building program provided for in the bill; and be it further

Resolved, That copies of this resolution be sent to the President of the United States, the chairmen of the Senate and House Banking and Currency Committees, and to all of New Jersey's congressional representatives.


Board of Commissioners of the City of Newark, N. J.

Approved as to form and legality:

Corporation Counsel.

I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true copy of a resolution adopted by the Board of Commissioners of the City of Newark at a meeting held March 26, 1947.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and affixed the seal of the city of Newark, this 27th day of March A. D. 1947.

City Clerk of Newark, N. J.

Bismarck, March 27, 1947.


Secretary, Committee on Banking and Currency,

United States Senate, Washington, D. C.

DEAR MR. HILL: It has come to our attention that your committee is now holding hearings on S. 866, commonly known as the Taft-Ellender-Wagner bill, section 502 of which provides for conversion of Federal savings and loan associations into State savings or building and loan associations, homestead associations or cooperative banks.

We particularly object to the provisions in this section which would make such conversions subject to approval by the Federal Home Loan Bank Administration and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation. Obviously, this provision would place these agencies in a position to thwart the wishes of the mem

bers of the association by withholding their approval of the conversion and there would extend to the Government agencies a power in respect to the conversion of Federal associations which we do not believe is given to any State supervisory authorities in any statutes providing for conversion of State institutions into Federal associations.

Section 7-0112 of the North Dakota Revised Code of 1943 provides for the conversion of State organizations into Federal savings and loan associations but does not condition such conversion upon the consent or approval of the supervisory authority.

It is believed that the language of our conversion law is substantially identical with that of most of the other States and we do feel that it would be equitable to give powers to the Federal agencies which are not enjoyed by the State authorities. We would like to respectfully recommend to the committee that the above section be amended to eliminate the objectionable features noted above.

Yours very truly,

R. S. SEE, Secretary.



Indianapolis, March 24, 1947.

Secretary, Committee on Banking and Currency,

United States Senate, Washington, D. C.

DEAR SIR: The Taft-Ellender-Wagner bill, S. 866, now pending in your committee, contains a section which is extremely objectionable to State savings and loan supervisory authorities and to those interested in State chartered savings and loan associations. Section 502 of the proposed act provides that a Federal association may convert to a State chartered association only with the approval of the Federal Home Loan Bank Administration and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation. Section 502 also provides that an association might lose its Federal insurance by such conversion.

In Indiana, by statute, as in most States, State chartered associations are permitted to convert to Federal associations without the approval of the State supervisory authorities. Therefore, section 502 of the proposed S. 866 is unfair and inequitable in our opinion.

At the last session of the General Assembly of Indiana, a statute was passed prohibiting the conversion of State banks to national banks. This legislation was enacted because the general assembly recognized the unfair advantage previously enjoyed by national authorities due to the fact that national banks are prohibited by Federal statute from converting to State banks.

If the matter were brought to its attention, we feel that the general assembly of Indiana would ake the same position regarding conversion of State chartered savings and loan associations to Federal associations. However, if Federal legislation were enacted to permit conversion of Federal associations to State chartered associations without Federal approval or penalty, both the Federal and State statutes would be in harmony and neither the State nor the Federal supervisory agencies would enjoy an unfair advantage.

Respectfully yours,

JOE MCCORD, Director.


STATE OF NEBRASKA, Lincoln 9, March 27, 1947.

Secretary, Committee on Banking and Currency,

United States Senate, Washington, D. C.

DEAR SIR: Please be advised that we are concerned with the present wording of S. 866, Taft-Ellender-Wagner bill—more in particular, section 502 which permits federally chartered associations to convert to a State institution without the approval of State supervisory authorities.

It is conceivable that if the association was a first-class institution, Federal supervisors and their affiliates may exert pressure to retain control of the association; but in the event its assets and management are not satisfactory,

these same Federal controls may lend influence to having the association convert to a noninsured State association.

It is deemed to be of paramount importance that amendments be made, which will permit an association to decide freely without outside interference, whether it chooses to be a State or a Federal institution.

Yours very truly,



Honolulu, March 26, 1947.

Secretary, Committee on Banking and Currency,
United States Senate, Washington, D. C.

DEAR SIR: As deputy bank examiner for the Territory of Hawaii, kindly allow me to express my objections to that portion of section 502 of Senate bill 866 which would require approval, by regulations or otherwise, by the Board or the Federal Home Loan Bank Administration and by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation prior to the conversion of Federal chartered associations to State chartered associations. Territorial statutes allow conversion of a Territorial chartered association to a Federal association by the affirmative vote of the shareholders and do not require approval of Territorial authorities to effect such conversion. It does not seem equitable that requirements for conversion from Federal to Territorial should be any more exacting or subject to the will of a jurisdictional authority.

Very truly yours,

W. LEDERER, Jr., Deputy Bank Examiner.


STEMBLER & FORD, INC., Capitol Heights, Md., March 31, 1947.

United States Senate, Washington 25, D. C.

MY DEAR MR. TOBEY: I dislike the necessity of having to worry you so often with my ideas about some of the many bills before Congress which directly affect our industry. It does seem to me that there is quite a tendency toward socialism or some other kind of "ism" to deprive this country of private enterprise and initiative.

The Taft-Ellender-Wagner bill, S. 866, is a form of socialized legislation which is most objectionable to the building-supply industry. Such a set-up only allows the shrewd operator to cash in on everybody's money but his own and disrupts all channels of trade from top to bottom.

I trust you will do what you can to defeat this bill.
Very truly yours,


CITY OF MANITOWOC, WIS., March 28, 1947. Washington, D. C.


DEAR SENATOR WILEY: Enclosed find a certified copy of a resolution unanimously adopted by the Common Council of the City of Manitowoc, petitioning the Wisconsin Legislature to memorialize the Congress of the United States to take immediate and appropriate steps to provide housing accommodations for returning veterans.

Although the resolution petitions the Wisconsin Legislature to memorialize Congress to take such steps, it was thought that it would be of vital importance and information to inform you of the common council's action and stand taken by them in regard to this matter.

Yours truly,

ARTHUR POST, City Clerk.

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