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FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING,
AND RELATED PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS

FOR 1997

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

JUN 25.1996

HEARINGS

BEFORE A

TRANSFER

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

ONE HUNDRED FOURTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

SUBCOMMITTEE ON FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND

RELATED PROGRAMS

SONNY CALLAHAN, Alabama, Chairman
JOHN EDWARD PORTER, Illinois

CHARLES WILSON, Texas
BOB LIVINGSTON, Louisiana

SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois
JIM LIGHTFOOT, Iowa

NANCY PELOSI, California
FRANK R. WOLF, Virginia

ESTEBAN EDWARD TORRES, California
RON PACKARD, California
JOE KNOLLENBERG, Michigan
MICHAEL P. FORBES, New York

M BUNN, Oregon
NOTE: Under Committee Rules, Mr. Livingston, as Chairman of the Full Committee, and Mr. Obey, as Ranking
Minority Member of the Full Committee, are authorized to sit as Members of all Subcommittees.
CHARLES FLICKNER, WILLIAM B. INGLEE, and JOHN SHANK, Staff Assistants,

LORI MAES, Administrative Aide

PART 4

TESTIMONY OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND OTHER

INTERESTED INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS

Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations

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United States,
FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING,
AND RELATED PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS

FOR 1997

HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

ONE HUNDRED FOURTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

SUBCOMMITTEE ON FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND

RELATED PROGRAMS

SONNY CALLAHAN, Alabama, Chairman
JOHN EDWARD PORTER, Illinois

CHARLES WILSON, Texas
BOB LIVINGSTON, Louisiana

SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois
JIM LIGHTFOOT, Iowa

NANCY PELOSI, California
FRANK R. WOLF, Virginia

ESTEBAN EDWARD TORRES, California
RON PACKARD, California
JOE KNOLLENBERG, Michigan
MICHAEL P. FORBES, New York
JIM BUNN, Oregon
NOTE: Under Committee Rules, Mr. Livingston, as Chairman of the Full Committee, and Mr. Obey, as Ranking
Minority Member of the Full Committee, are authorized to sit as Members of all Subcommittees.
CHARLES FLICKNER, WILLIAM B. INGLEE, and JOHN SHANK, Staff Assistants,

LORI MAES, Administrative Aide

PART 4

TESTIMONY OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND OTHER

INTERESTED INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS

Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

24-646 0

WASHINGTON : 1996

For sale by the U.S. Goverment Printing Office
Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, Washington, DC 20402

ISBN 0-16-052709-0

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COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

BOB LIVINGSTON, Louisiana, Chairman JOSEPH M. MCDADE, Pennsylvania

DAVID R. OBEY, Wisconsin JOHN T. MYERS, Indiana

SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois C. W. BILL YOUNG, Florida

LOUIS STOKES, Ohio RALPH REGULA, Ohio

TOM BEVILL, Alabama JERRY LEWIS, California

JOHN P. MURTHA, Pennsylvania JOHN EDWARD PORTER, Illinois

CHARLES WILSON, Texas HAROLD ROGERS, Kentucky

NORMAN D. DICKS, Washington JOE SKEEN, New Mexico

MARTIN OLAV SABO, Minnesota FRANK R. WOLF, Virginia

JULIAN C. DLXON, California TOM DELAY, Texas

VIC FAZIO, California JIM KOLBE, Arizona

W. G. (BILL) HEFNER, North Carolina BARBARA F. VUCANOVICH, Nevada

STENY H. HOYER, Maryland JIM LIGHTFOOT, Iowa

RICHARD J. DURBIN, Illinois RON PACKARD, California

RONALD D. COLEMAN, Texas SONNY CALLAHAN, Alabama

ALAN B. MOLLOHAN, West Virginia JAMES T. WALSH, New York

JIM CHAPMAN, Texas CHARLES H. TAYLOR, North Carolina MARCY KAPTUR, Ohio DAVID L. HOBSON, Ohio

DAVID E. SKAGGS, Colorado ERNEST J. ISTOOK, JR., Oklahoma

NANCY PELOSI, California HENRY BONILLA, Texas

PETER J. VISCLOSKY, Indiana JOE KNOLLENBERG, Michigan

THOMAS M. FOGLIETTA, Pennsylvania DAN MILLER, Florida

ESTEBAN EDWARD TORRES, California JAY DICKEY, Arkansas

NITA M. LOWEY, New York JACK KINGSTON, Georgia

RAY THORNTON, Arkansas
FRANK RIGGS, California

JOSÉ E. SERRANO, New York
MIKE PARKER, Mississippi
RODNEY P. FRELINGHUYSEN, New Jersey
ROGER F. WICKER, Mississippi
MICHAEL P. FORBES, New York
GEORGE R. NETHERCUTT, JR., Washington
JIM BUNN, Oregon
MARK W. NEUMANN, Wisconsin

JAMES W. DYER, Clerk and Staff Director

(IT)

96-170547

FOREIGN OPERATIONS, EXPORT FINANCING, AND RELATED PROGRAMS APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1997

TESTIMONY OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND OTHER

INTERESTED INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS

THURSDAY, APRIL 25, 1996.

FOREIGN ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

WITNESS HON. TONY P. HALL, A REPRESENTATIVE IN CONGRESS FROM THE STATE OF OHIO

CHAIRMAN'S OPENING STATEMENT Mr. CALLAHAN. Tony, you are the leadoff batter. I want to thank you and the other Members who will be testifying here today.

I want to thank also Mr. Wilson, who is not here yet. He will be ending his distinguished career in Congress this year. He is retiring, as we all know. I will hold off all the accolades I had until Charlie gets here because I don't say them often.

The foreign operations bill is not the largest appropriation bill. It is not the most controversial. It does not receive the most widespread attention. But in many ways it is the most important. The decisions that we in Congress make on this funding bill mean the difference between freedom and oppression, the difference between war and peace in some instances, between life and death for millions of people throughout the world.

Thanks to the decision of this subcommittee, the people of the former Yugoslavia and Bosnia have taken steps towards rebuilding their war-torn society. When I travelled to Bosnia last year, I saw some of the thousands of refugees who would not have survived had it not been for the health, food, and housing programs funded through our bills.

I thought all this stuff sounded familiar. In any event, not wanting to take any of the words out of the mouth of Mr. Hall, I am going to begin with these hearings.

We are going to ask if you would keep your statements to 5 minutes because we have, as you can see, a tremendous list of people who want to be heard today.

With that, Mr. Hall, you are on.

Mr. HALL. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I appreciate the opportunity to be here before you.

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