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1966 supple-
mental new

research

Research

New
research

Continua-
tion costs

Continua-
tion costs

New research

0

10
37, 296
124, 788

0

0
$983, 957
39, 282

0
0

0

0
$1, 249, 164

10
58, 922
56, 862

0

0
$435, 052
100,000

0
100,000

$1,500,000

0
600,00

400,000
1,000,000

500,000

$1,000,000

0
1,000,000

10
650,000

625, 000 3, 275, 000

$1,000,000 2,000,000 600,000 200,000 525, 000

500,000 4,825, 000

1,023, 239

1,364, 948

635, 052

4,000,000

Distribution of research among areas of the handicapped

Dear

Crippled

Multiple

Total

Visually
handicapped

Speech and

hearing

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Research and demonstration projects

Continua
tion costs

Program research
Construction of research facility.
Project support program...
Small grant program.
Regional demonstration program
Curriculum-inaterials centers.

0
$814, 677

976, 761

Total.

1 Small grants do not incur continuation costs.

Mentally
retarded

Emotionally
disturbed

(11) $334, 032

(4) $249, 389

(5) $53, 261

(3) $64, 340

(4) $159, 296

$999, 739

(4) 179, 027

(3) 277, 873 (6) 253, 151

(1) 18,022
(6) 192, 681

1964: New grants.
1965:

Continuation costs.

New grants
1966:

Continuation costs.

New grants (estimate).
1967:

Continuation costs (estimate).
New grants (estimate).

(7) 369, 344
(10) 295, 797
(11) 416, 619
1,000,000

700,000
675,000

(3) 24, 333
(1) 32, 414
(1) 8,750

625, 000

(6) $120, 351

(2) 49,030
(4) 55, 908
(4) 105, 717

800,000
525, 000
600,000

(1) $19, 070

(1) 59, 132
(5) 193, 288
(6) 236, 484

430,052

(4) 173, 142

(7) 364, 123

830, 000

(2) 60, 113

950,000

740,000 480,000

310, 000
260, 000

500,000
385,000

3,790, 792

3, 194, 536

1, 313, 758

2, 170, 156

2, 256, 006

Total.
Construction of research facility (all areas of

handicapped).

2,000,000

17, 099, 739

Grand total.

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1966.

RESEARCH AND TRAINING

WITNESSES

RICHARD L. BRIGHT, ASSOCIATE COMMISSIONER FOR RESEARCH
HAROLD HOWE II, COMMISSIONER OF EDUCATION
HENDRICK D. GIDEONSE, PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT OFFICER FOR

RESEARCH
NORMAN KARSH, ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER FOR ADMINISTRA-

TION
JOE G. KEEN, BUDGET OFFICER
JAMES B. CARDWELL, DEPARTMENT DEPUTY COMPTROLLER

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1965 actual

1966 estimate

1967 estimate

13, 248

43, 385
20,000

64, 801
12, 400

13, 248
2,592

63, 385
6,615

77, 201
2, 799

15, 840

70,000

80,000

Program by activities:

1. Research, surveys and demonstrations..
2. Construction and equipment grants for research facilities.

Total program costs, funded.

Change in selected resources 1 10 Total obligations.....

Financing: 40 New obligational authority (appropriation)..

Relation of obligations to expenditures: 71 Total obligations (affecting expenditures). 72 Obligated balance, start of year. 74 Obligated balance, end of year. 77 Adjustments in expired accounts. 90 Expenditures.

15, 840

70,000

80.000

15, 840

8, 229 -10, 796

- 25

70,000

10, 796 -59, 396

80.000

59, 396 -81, 350

13, 248

21, 400

58,000

1 Selected resources as of June 30 are as follows: Unpaid undelivered orders 1964, $8,229 thousand (1965 adjustments, –$25 thousand); 1965, $10,796 thousand; 1966, $17,411 thousand; 1967, $20,210 thousand.

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Mr. FOGARTY. We will next take up "Research and training.”

BIOGRAPHY OF ASSOCIATE COMMISSION FOR RESEARCH

Dr. Bright. I know who you are but, as usual, will you state your background before you entered the Federal service.

Mr. Bright. Yes, sir.

I started out my collegiate work at Carnegie Tech in physics and mathematics and graduate work in electrical engineering. Then I taught at Carnegie Tech 7 years under the direction of Dr. Teare, one of the leading educators in the country, who got me extremely interested in teaching: He suggested that I go in industry 5 or 6 years to get some industrial training. I went into industry, Westinghouse Electric, with the intention of staying there 5 or 6 years and then going back to teaching. I never quite made it back. I was at Westinghouse a total of 12 years, during which time I worked in the areas of the development of transistors and other devices and the design and application of digital computers, and the last 2 years I have been concentrating in the area of how can modern technology contribute to education. My last title at Westinghouse Electric was “Director of Educational Technology."

Mr. FOGARTY. Go ahead.

Mr. Bright. I would like to read you the statement on research and training.

Mr. FOGARTY. Very well.

GENERAL STATEMENT

Mr. Bright. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, for “Research and training," we are proposing an amount of $80 million for 1967, an increase of $10 million over our 1966 appropriation.

The past year, as you know, brought major changes in the legislation which authorizes our major educational research programs. With the additional appropriations we have been able to launch several new programs which we are asking you to continue and expand during 1967.

Certainly the most dramatic new development is the construction and operation of regional laboratories. These laboratories, designed to create essentially new kinds of institutions, go beyond the singleproblem center approach to programmatic research support. Laboratries will carry on comprehensive research, development, coordination, and dissemination activities to serve the needs of a region or of the Nation as a whole. They are designed to close the extensive time gaps which have long existed between innovation by the researcher and implementation by the educational practitioner.

The expanding interest in educational research programs can be demonstrated by the increasing number of project research proposals. We have already received more applications for the current year than we did for the entire previous year.

A second new program, research training, has also been inaugurated in 1966. Training of educational researchers will of course provide the research skills so badly needed in State and local educational agencies. The demand, as measured by the number of proposals and requested levels of support, is very high.

May I also say, Mr. Chairman, that for the first time, as a result of the administrative changes in the Office of Education last July, we are in effect representing all of the educational research programs administered by the Office. The collection of the research programs under one administrative structure has given us the opportunity to relate more effectively to operational programs in other Bureaus of the Office and to consider with greater effectiveness the question of what kinds of research are apt to have the greatest payoffs for the educational system as a whole. It has also greatly facilitated our coordination activities with other governmental agencies including the Office of Economic Opportunity, the National Institute for Mental Health, and the National Science Foundation,

We will be happy to answer any questions you may have.

CONSOLIDATION OF RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

Mr. FOGARTY. The consolidation of this research activities does not show up in the justifications, does it?

Mr. Bright. It does not. It is still spread around. It was collected together in the original budget presentation by the Commissioner in the breakout to show what was being spent in these general areas.

Mr.FOGARTY. We will put that table in the record.

(The table referred to follows:)

Research and training, fiscal year 1967
Appropriation:

Expansion and improvement of vocational education --
Higher educational activities---
Defense educational activities..
Educational improvement for the handicapped.-
Research and training-
Educational research (special foreign currency)
Salaries and expenses (captioned films) -

Amount $17, 750,000

3, 550, 000 7,500,000 8, 100, 000 80, 000, 000 1, 800, 000 3, 000, 000

Total.--

121, 700,000 Mr. CARDWELL. This is something that both the Office of Education and the Department have had under consideration since the enactment of the extensive educational legislation of last year. We had hoped to be able to redesign the appropriation structure for this and several other activities in time for this session of Congress. We were unable to do so.

We feel confident by next year we will be able to propose the kind of changes you are talking about.

AUTHORIZATION FOR APPROPRIATIONS

Mr. FOGARTY. The 1966 appropriation was $70 million. The 1967 request is for $80 million. What is the authorization?

NEW FACILITIES

Mr. KARSH. In this appropriation, Mr. Chairman, there is no dollar amount. That is, authorized. The funds are for as much as will be appropriated. With the one exception of the new facilities, insertion of that was included in title IV, Elementary and Secondary Act. The authorization in that act committed $100 million to be available for 1966 through 1970. Against that authorization we have requested $20 million last year and this year we are requesting $12.4 million. That would be a total of $34 million.

Mr. FOGARTY. What was your initial request?

Mr. Karsh. The initial request of the total appropriation or for the construction ?

Mr. FOGARTY. Compared to $12 million ?
Mr. KARSH. $30 million was requested.

Mr. FOGARTY. The Bureau of the Budget cut you back to $12 million ?

Mr. KARSH. That is correct.

STATUS OF CONSTRUCTION AND EQUIPMENT FOR RESEARCH FACILITIES

Mr. FOGARTY. Will you tell us something about these facilities and their current status? Is matching required and will this part of the program phaseout or do you see it as continuing on and on?

Mr. Bright. There has been very little obligation of these funds as yet. If you look at the various R. & D. centers, you find them operating under very unsatisfactory housing conditions. One of them is located, I believe, in an old warehouse. The others in very old structures.

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