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MATERNAL AND CHILD WELFARE
COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR
UNITED STATES SENATE
SEVENTY-NINTH CONGRESS AUG
1946 S. 1318
A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR THE GENERAL WELFARE
BY ENABLING THE SEVERAL STATES TO MAKE MORE
ADEQUATE PROVISION FOR THE HEALTH AND WEL-
FARE OF MOTHERS AND CHILDREN AND FOR
SERVICES TO CRIPPLED CHILDREN,
AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor
JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana, Chairman DAVID I. WALSH, Massachusetts
ROBERT M, LA FOLLETTE, JR., Wisconsin ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah
ROBERT A. TAFT, Ohio CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida
GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont ALLEN J, ELLENDER, Louisiana
JOSEPH H. BALL, Minnesota LISTER HILL, Alabama
H. ALEXANDER SMITH, New Jersey DENNIS CHAVEZ, New Mexico
WAYNE L. MORSE, Oregon
JAMES M. TUNNELL, Delaware
FORREST C. DONNELL, Missouri
JOSEPH F. GUFFEY, Pennsylvania
OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina
J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkansas
CHARLES A. MURRAY, Clerk
PAUL SAMPLE, A88istant Clerk
CHARLES BRAGMAN, Staff Member, Subcommittee on Health and Education
S. 1318, maternal and child welfare, Senate Committee on Education and
Statement of witnesses-
Senator Claude Pepper (D., Florida) -
Mrs. Eugene Meyer-
Mrs. Stanley G. Cook, national chairman of legislation, National
Congress of Parents and Teachers, Indian Head, Md.-
Russell W. Ballard, director, Hull House, Chicago, Ill.
Mary E. Leeper, executive secretary, Association for Childhood Edu-
cation, Washington, D. O----
Mrs. Eveline B. Jacobs, National Society for Crippled Children and
Adults, Inc., Chicago, Ill_-
Joseph S. Wall, M. D., chairman, committee on legislation, the Ameri-
can Academy of Pediatrics, representing the American Medical
Association, Washington, D. C----
Joseph H. Howard, M. D., obstetrician, on behalf of the American
Medical Association, Bridgeport, Conn---
Dr. M. Edw Davis, Chicago, Ill----
Dr. Ella Oppenheimer, director, Bureau of Maternal & Child Welfare,
District of Columbia..
Dr. G. Willard Camalier, legislative committee, American Dental As-
sociation, Washington, D. C---
Mrs. Eleanor Vaughan, vice chairman, Congress of American Women,
New York, N. Y.----
Katharine F. Lenroot, chief, Children's Bureau, United States Depart-
ment of Labor, Washington, D. C---
Dr. Martha Eliot, assistant chief, Children's Bureau, United States
Department of Labor, Washington, D. C----
Lawrence J. Gourley, legal counsel, department of public relations,
American Osteopathic Association, Washington, D. C---- -201, 206
Exhibit 1. Letter of June 20, 1946, from Dr. Allan M. Butler, Harvard
Medical School, Boston, Mass.-
Exhibit 2. Telegram of June 21, 1946, from Dr. Henry F. Helmholz,
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.
Exhibit 3. Telegram of June 19, 1946, from Dr. Edward A. Park, Johns
Hopkins Hospital,' Baltimore, Md..
Exhibit 4. Letter of May 23, 1946, from Dr. Grover F. Powers, Yale
University School of Medicine, New Haven Hospital, New
Exhibit 5. Letter of June 19, 1946, from Dr. Gr er F. Powers, Yale
University School of Medicine, New Haven Hospital, New
Exhibit . 6. Letter of October 30, 1945, from Dr. L. Emmett Holt, Jr.,
Bellevue Hospital, New York, N. Y.-
Exhibit 7. Letter of January 14, 1946, from Dr. Robert W. Rogers,
Plainfield, N. J.
Exhibit 8. Letter of July 30, 1945, from Col. James B. Brown, M. C.,
Valley Forge General Hospital, Phoenixville, Pa--
Exhibit 9. Letter of January 26, 1946, from Prof. Harold C. Hodge,
University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry,
Rochester, N. Y.
Exhibit 10. Letter of November 5, 1945, from Dr. Channing Frothing-
ham, the Faulkner Hospital, Jamaica Plain, Mass.-
Exhibit 11. Letter of November 21, 1945, from Dr. Paul B. Cornely,
Howard University, Washington, D. C.
Exhibit 12. Letter of June 19, 1946, from Dr. M. 0. Bousfield, Supreme
Liberty Life Insurance Co., Chicago, Ill.
Exhibit 13. Letter of June 20, 1946, from Dr. Harold H. Mitchell, Long
Island City, N. Y
Exhibit 14. Letter of June 24, 1946, from Dr. Robert B. Osgood, Argilla
Road, Ipswich, Mass.'
Exhibit 15. Letter of June 20, 1946, from Dr. Basil C. MacLean, Strong
Memorial Hospital, Rochester, N. Y..
Exhibit 16. Letter of June 18, 1946, from C. L. Palmer, the Medical
Society of the State of Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, Pa.--
Exhibit 17. Telegram of June 19, 1946, from Holman_Taylor, State
Medical Association of Texas, Fort Worth, Tex.
Exhibit 18. Letter of June 17, 1946, from Dr. Ray T. Woolsey, Utah State
Medical Association, Salt Lake City, Utah..
Exhibit 19. Letter of June 21, 1946, from Dr. O. L. Miller, Medical Arts
Building, Charlotte, N. C..---
Exhibit 20. Letter of June 22, 1946, from Atley O. Nelson, Jr., Washington
Spastic Children's Society, Seattle, Wash-
Exhibit 21. Letter of June 18, 1946, from Mrs. Michael Fox, New York,
Exhibit 22. Letter of January 12, 1946, from Mrs. James W. (Edith)
Foster, Owensboro, Ky-
Exhibit 23. Letter of June 20, 1946, and article from Arthur E. Moore,
judge of probate, Oakland County, Pontiac, Mich.
Exhibit 24. Letter of June 24, 1946, from Dr. Frederick H. Allen, Philadel-
phia Child Guidance Clinic, Philadelphia, Pa---
Exhibit 25. Letter of June 20, 1946, from Dr. George Stevenson, the
National Committee for Mental Hygiene, New York, N. Y.-
Exhibit 26. Letter of June 24, 1946, from R. M. Walls, D. D. S., Bethle-
Exhibit 27. Statement from J. M. Wisan, D. D. S., chief, division of dental
health, New Jersey State Department of Health, Trenton,
Exhibit 28. Letter of June 21, 1946, from John Oppie McCall, D. D. S., the
Murry and Leonie Guggenheim Dental Clinic, New York,
Exhibit 29. Letter of June 20, 1946, and statement from Ruth Houlton,
National Organization for Public Health Nursing, Inc., New
York, N. Y
Exhibit 30. Letter of June 19, 1946, from Mabel K. Staupers, National
Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, Inc., New York,
Exhibit 31. Letter of June 19, 1946, and statement from Ruth Sleeper,
National League of Nursing Education, New York, N. Y...
Exhibit 32. Letter of June 25, 1946, from Dr. William H. Perkins, Council
of Social Agencies, Philadelphia, Pa..
Exhibit 33. Letter of October 29, 1945, from William C. Webb, Jr., Chil-
dren's Dental Clinics of the Philadelphia Mouth Hygiene
Association, Philadelphia, Pa.--
Exhibit 34. Letter of June 24, 1946, from William C. Webb, Jr., Children's
Dental Clinics of the Philadelphia Mouth Hygiene Associa-
tion, Philadelphia, Pa.
Exhibit 35. Letter of June 19, 1946, from Dr. Michael M. Davis, Com-
mittee for the Nation's Health, Washington, D. C.---
Exhibit 36. Letter of June 19, 1946, from Dr. Reginald M. Atwater,
American Public Health Association, New York N. Y...
Exhibit 37. Letter of June 25, 1946, from Gladys E. Hall, American
Dietetic Association, Chicago, Ill.,
Exhibit 38. Letter of September 21, 1945, from William W. Noyes, chair-
man, board of selectmen and board of health, Bridgewater,
Exhibit 39. Letter of June 24, 1946, and statement from Mrs. Joseph M.
Welt, National Council of Jewish Women, Inc., New York,
Exhibit 40. Letter of June 21, 1946, and statement from Miss Hazel
Corbin, Maternity Center Association, New York, N. Y.--
Exhibit 41. Letter of June 27, 1946, from Mrs. Theodor Oxholm, Spokes-
men for Children, Inc., New York, N. Y.
Exhibit 42. Letter of June 22, 1946, from Mrs. Harry_(Ella) Firger,
Parents' Federation of Greater Boston, Jamaica Plain,
Exhibit 43. Letter of June 20, 1946, from Mrs. David (Beatrice) Jacobs,
League of Women Shoppers, Inc. (New York chapter), New
York, N. Y.
Exhibit 44. Letter of April 10, 1946, from Mrs. Alfred Winslow (Mary
Carter) Jones, Women's City Club of New York, Inc., New
York, N. Y..
Exhibit 45. Letter of April 2, 1946, from Frances P. Arnold, the Girls'
Friendly Society, United States of America, New York,
Exhibit 46. Telegram of June 24, 1946, from Floyd E. Bracken, recording
secretary, Lodge No. 799, Brotherhood of Railway Carmen
of America, Lincoln, Nebr.--
Exhibit 47. Statement from the Congress of Industrial Organizations,
June 26, 1946.
Exhibit 48. Letter of June 27, 1946 from William Green, president Ameri-
can Federation of Labor...
Exhibit 49. Letter of June 24, 1946, from Elisabeth Christman, National
Women's Trade Union League of America, Washington,
Exhibit 50. Letter of April 23, 1946, from George F. Addes, United Auto-
mobile Workers, CIO, Detroit, Mich..
Exhibit 51. Letter of June 20, 1946, from James L. Hymes, Jr., National
Association for Nursery Education, Garden City, Long
Island, N. Y
Exhibit 52. Telegram of June 24, 1946, from the Benton House Settlement
Staff, Chicago, Ill...
Exhibit 53. Letter of June 25, 1946, from Mrs. W. E. (Ruth B.) Hunter,
Bethlehem Creche and Settlement, Chicago, Ill..
Exhibit 54. Telegram of June 24, 1946, from Abigail Wright, head resident,
Garibaldi Institute, Chicago, Ill..
Exhibit 55. Telegram of June 24, 1946, from Virgil E. Lowder, department
of social service, Church Federation of Greater Chicago,
Exhibit 56. Telegram of June 24, 1946, from Jacob Kepecs, Jewish Chil-
dren's Bureau of Chicago -
Exhibit 57. Telegram of June 25, 1946, from M. K. Reikord, Illinois
Children's Home and Society, Chicago, Ill..
Exhibit 58. Telegram of June 25, 1946, from Curtis W. Reese, Abraham
Lincoln Centre, Chicago, Ill.
Exhibit 59. Letter of September 14, 1945, from Mary M. Aikin, Eaton
Manufacturing Co., Cleveland, Ohio..
Exhibit 60. Telegram of June 22, 1946, from Howard W. Hopkirk, Child
Welfare League of America, New York, N. Y.-
Exhibit 61. Letter of June 21, 1946, from Mary E. Leeper, Association for
Childhood Education, Washington, D. Ĉ..
Exhibit 62. Letter of June 22, 1946, from Dorothy Gerson, Detroit Nursery
School Association, Detroit, Mich---
Exhibit 63. Letter of August 29, 1945, from Leon H. Richman, Cleveland
Chapter of the American Association of Social Workers,
Exhibit 64. Letter of September 14, 1945, and statement from Mary B.
Turner, St. John's Day Care Center, Cleveland, Ohio..
Exhibit 65. Letter of September 1, 1945, from Daniel R. Elliott, the
Welfare Federation of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio
Exhibit 66. Letter from Mary G. Kane, Cleveland, Ohio.
Exhibit 67. Letter of August 31, 1945, from Wilbur A. Steuer, National
Lawyers Guild, Cleveland Chapter, Cleveland Ohio..
Exhibit 68. Statement of June 25, 1946, from Charles S. Johnson, Fisk
Exhibit 69. Telegram of June 26, 1946, from Dr. Fred C. Dilley, Eagles
National Child Health Commission, Brazil, Ind..
Exhibit 70. Telegram of June 25, 1946, from Katherine W. (Mrs. O. R.)
Sellers, Department of Social Service, Church Federation of
Exhibit 71. Statement by Mrs. Theodore 0. Wedel, United Council of
Church Women, Washington, D. C.
Exhibit 72. Letter of March 15, 1946, from Leon K. Zummak, Lutheran
Service Center, San Antonio, Tex.
Exhibit 73. Detailed Comparison of Provisions in S. 1606, title I, part B
(the National Health Act), and in S. 1318 (the Maternal
and Child Welfare Act) by the Children's Bureau, United
States Department of Labor.
Exhibit 74. Ten Years of Services for Children under the Social Security
Program, August 1935-August 1945, by the Children's
Bureau, United States Department of Labor.