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for purposes of applying any statutory provision specifying the maximum loan-to-value or cost ratio; except that if the law specifies different rates of down payment for successive increments of such value or cost, the lowest such rate shall apply to the additional cost attributable to the solar heating or combined solar heating and cooling equipment, and such equipment shall otherwise be excluded in determining the total value or cost of the structure.

(b) As used in subsection (a), the term "mortgage loan" means a loan which is made to finance the purchase or construction of a residence or any other building or structure; and the term "federally assisted mortgage loan" means a mortgage loan which

(1) is made in whole or in part by any lender the deposits or accounts of which are insured by any agency of the Federal Government, or is made in whole or in part by any lender which is itself regulated by any agency of the Federal Government; or

(2) is made in whole or in part, or insured, guaranteed, supplemented, or assisted in any way, by the Secretary or any other officer or agency of the Federal Government or under or in connection with a housing, urban development, or related program administered by the Secretary or a housing or related program administered by any other such officer or agency; or (3) is eligible for purchase by the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Government Mortgage Association, or the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, or from any financial institution from which it could be purchased by the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation; or

(4) is made in whole or in part by any "creditor," as defined in section 103(f) of the Consumer Credit Protection Act of 1968 (15 U.S.C. 1602(f)), who makes or invests in residential real estate loans aggregating more than $1,000,000 per year.

(c) As used in subsection (a), the term "federally constructed" means (1) residential or multifamily housing which is constructed by agencies of the Federal Government to provide dwelling accommodations for paticular types or classes of persons under programs administered by such Federal agencies (including all housing constructed by the Department of Defense to provide dwelling accommodations for personnel of the armed services or for such personnel and their families), and (2) residential or multifamily housing which is constructed by agencies of State or local government, with financial assitance in any form from the Federal Government, to provide dwelling accommodations for particular types or classes of persons under programs administered by such State or local agencies.

ENCOURAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF SMALL BUSINESS

SEC. 14. In carrying out their functions under this Act, all Federal officers and agencies shall take steps to assure that small business concerns will have realistic and adequate opportunities to par

ticipate in the programs under this Act to the maximum extent possible.

PRIORITIES

SEC. 15. The Secretary shall set priorities as far as possible consistent with the intent and operation of this Act in accordance with the following criteria:

(a) The residential dwellings and other buildings which will be part of the demonstration programs referred to in sections 5, 6, and 9 shall be located in a sufficient number of different geographic areas in the United States to assure a realistic and effective demonstration of the solar heating systems and combined solar heating and cooling systems involved, and of the dwellings and other buildings themselves, in both rural and urban locations and under climatic conditions which vary as much as possible.

(b) Consideration shall be given to projected costs of commercial production and maintenance of the solar heating systems and combined solar heating and cooling systems utilized in the demonstration programs.

(c) Encouragement should be given in the conduct of programs under this Act to those projects in which funds, appropriated by any State or political subdivision thereof for the purpose of sharing costs with the Federal Government for the purchase and installation of solar heating or combined solar heating and cooling components and systems, are committed before or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

REGULATIONS

SEC. 16. The Administrator and the Secretary in consultation with the Director of the National Bureau of Standards, the Director, the Administrator of the General Services Administration, the Secretary of Defense, and other appropriate offices and agencies, shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out this Act promptly and efficiently. Each such officer or agency, in consultation with the Administrator and the Secretary, may prescribe such regulations as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out his or its particular functions under this Act promptly and efficiently.

USE OF PUBLICLY ASSISTED HOUSING

SEC. 17. The Secretary shall make appropriate use of publicly assisted housing and particularly low-rent housing assisted under the United States Housing Act of 1937 in demonstrating solar heating systems and combined solar heating and cooling systems under this Act.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

SEC. 18. Within sixty days after the effective date of the law creating the Energy Research and Development Administration or any other law creating a permanent Federal organization or agency having jurisdiction over the energy research and development functions of the United States (or within sixty days after the

enactment of this Act if the effective date of such law occurs prior to the enactment of this Act), the energy research and development functions vested in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation under this Act and any funds which may have been appropriated pursuant to section 19 of this Act, to the extent necessary or appropriate, may, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Office of Management and Budget, be transferred to and vested in the Energy Research and Development Administration or such other organizations or agency.

AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

SEC. 19. (a) There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1975, $5,000,000, to remain available until expended, to carry out the functions vested in the Administrator by this Act.

(b) There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Housing and Urban Development for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1975, $5,000,000, to remain available until expended. Any sums so appropriated shall be available (1) to carry out the functions vested in the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development by this Act, and (2) for transfer to the Department of Defense, the National Bureau of Standards, and the General Services Administration to enable them to carry out their respective functions under this Act.

(c) There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1976, 1977, 1978, and 1979, $50,000,000 in the aggregate to carry out the programs established by this Act. Approved September 3, 1974.

EXCERPT FROM HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 1970

[Public Law 94-385; 90 Stat. 1162; 12 U.S.C. 1701z-8]

ENERGY CONSERVATION AND RENEWABLE-RESOURCE DEMONSTRATION

SEC. 509. (a) The Secretary 1 shall undertake a national demonstration program designed to test the feasibility and effectiveness of various forms of financial assistance for encouraging the installation or implementation of approved energy conservation measures and approved renewable-resource energy measures in existing dwelling units. The Secretary shall carry out such demonstration program with a view toward recommending a national program or programs designed to reduce significantly the consumption of energy in existing dwelling units.

(b) The Secretary is authorized to make financial assistance available pursuant to this section in the form of grants, low-interest-rate loans, interest subsidies, loan guarantees, and such other forms of assistance as the Secretary deems appropriate to carry out the purposes of this section. Assistance may be made available to both owners of dwelling units and tenants occupying such units. (c) In carrying out the demonstration program required by this section, the Secretary shall

(1) provide assistance in a wide variety of geographic areas to reflect differences in climate, types of dwelling units, and income levels of recipients in order to provide a national profile for use in designing a program which is to be operational and effective nationwide;

(2) evaluate the appropriateness of various financial incentives for different income levels of owners and occupants of existing dwelling units;

(3) take into account and evaluate any other financial assistance which may be available for the installation or implementation of energy conservation and renewable-resource energy measures;

(4) make use of such State and local instrumentalities or other public or private entities as may be appropriate in carrying out the purposes of this section in coordination with the provisions of part C of title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act;

(5) consider, with respect to various forms of assistance and procedures for their application, (A) the extent to which energy conservation measures and renewable-resource energy measures are encouraged which would otherwise not have been undertaken, (B) the minimum amount of Federal subsidy necessary to achieve the objectives of a national program, (C) the costs of administering the assistance, (D) the extent to which the assistance may be encumbered by delays, redtape, and uncertainty as to its availability with respect to any particular

1 1 Section 509 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1970 was added by Part C, section 441 of the Energy Conservation and Production Act, Public Law 94-385, 90 Stat. 1125, approved August 14, 1976. Responsibility for the demonstration program described in the section was transferred to the Department of Energy by section 304(b) of the Department of Energy Organization Act. Public Law 95-91, 91 Stat. 565, approved August 4, 1977.

enactment of this Act if the effective date e revent the assistance to the enactment of this Act), the energy ree or certain classes of functions vested in the National Aeronau i utent practices can tration and the National Science Fou

any funds which may have been appropri and the heads of such 19 of this Act, to the extent necessary or rate.

cordance with regulations prescribed by puant to this section and Budget, be transferred to and and Development Administration or s conservation measof sty e cost of installing or agency. ind

AUTHORIZATION

SEC. 19. (a) There is hereby ai National Aeronautics and Space ending June 30, 1975, $5,0 ed, to carry out the functions Act.

(b) There is hereby a ment of Housing and Urban De June 30, 1975, $5,000,000, sums so appropriated sha.. tions vested in the Secrets? by this Act, and (2) for 15 National Bureau of St. tration to enable th under this Act.

(c) There is hereb

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ancial assistance under ax for the same energy e energy measure. aability of financial as

mplementation of any such measure's meeting

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eral agencies or with such State or ublic or private bodies as the Secdemonstration program shall be ble with the State energy conserand implemented pursuant to, part C and Conservation Act.

an interim report to the Congress the date of enactment of this section fer until the final report is made under

6 moning the progress made in carrying out the

time subsection am required by this section and shall submit a Sponstration Press containing findings and legislative recreport later than 2 years after the date of enactment ommendation of each report made under this subsection, this sectionde en evaluation, based on the criteria dethe Secretarin be of each demonstration project conducted under anderking any demonstration project under this tary shall specify and report to the Congress the

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